Salticidae (Araneae) genera of the world - an atlas
(unfinished manuscript)
by Jerzy Prószyński
Professor Emeritus, Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences,
ul. Wilcza 63, 00-679 Warsaw, POLAND

e-mail: jerzy.proszynski@wp.pl

 Chapter 3

SIMAETHINES
informal group of genera

Version August 27th, 2020


symbol of the supragroup CHRYSILLOIDA

Composition and searching on this page. Heratemita Iona Irura Ligurra Phyaces Poecilorchestes Simaetha Simaethula Simaethulina Stergusa Stertinius Uroballus.

Exemplary representatives of the group
A-F - Heratemita tenenbaumi, H-J - Ligurra latidens, (SOURCE - see below)

Text 2017

Group of genera SIMAETHINES

Diagnosis of representative species of SIMAETHINES.
Bulbus irregularly oval, embolus small, spike like, usually short, with spermafor running along edge (0A),epigyne with prominent pocket medially and with posterior edge deeply bent anterior wards, spermathecae with two simple chambers and short, sclerotized duct (0B). Body squat, with hardened tegument, dorsally flat, carapace median high, often broadest behind eye field, narrowing anteriorly and posteriorly, face rectangular, broad, with eyes I lateral distinctly spaced from median ones. Abdomen, oval, short, in males often covered with scutum. Legs short.

Description. Carapace flat and broad, often trapezium shaped, body parts covered with scattered light reflecting scales, or white setae, eye field usually flattened and trapezium shaped, posterior slope of carapace step. Bulbus simple with spermophor following its contour, basis of embolus intersecting bulbus obliquely, embolus short, arising anterolaterally, tibial apophysis short.
Remarks. Body shape may cause mistake with Rhene, from which differs by palps and epigyne.

Gen. Heratemita Strand, 1932
Type species Heratemita chrysozona (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Heratemita-Q+M

Figure . A-F. Heratemita tenenbaumi, G-H - Heratemita chrysozona.
SOURCES: A-F - Heratemita tenenbaumi Prószyński & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2012. Arthr. select. 21(1): 40, f 59-65, G-H - Prószyński, J. (1987). Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae 2. Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoly Rolniczo-Pedagogicznej, Siedlce: 42. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Iona Peckham, Peckham, 1886
Type species Iona nigrovittata (1 recognizable species)
See more species at Iona-Q+M

Figure . A-C - Iona nigrovittata (syn. Erasmia n.): Type, Tonga Is., 8337, Mus. Hamburg.
SOURCES: Prószyński Internet Salticidae Database 1995-2016). All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Irura Peckham, Peckham, 1901
Type species Irura pulchra (17 recognizable species)
See more species at Irura-Q+M

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Figure . A - Irura pulchra, B-C - Irura mandarina, D-F - Irura prima (syn. Kinhia), G-I - Irura hamatapophysis, J-N - Irura zhangae. ATTENTION: in view of spermathecae differences synonymy of Kinhia with Irura should be confirmed by further research).
SOURCES: A - Peckhams 1900. Bull. Wisc. Nat. Hist. 1(4): 227, pl II. f 3-3c, 2F B-C - Zabka 1985. Ann. zool., 39, 11: 233, f 241-245, 2H-2H - D-F - Prószyński in Zabka, 1985: Annales Zoologici, 39: 233, f. 246-250, G-I - Peng X., Xie L., Xiao X., Yin C. 1993. 99-101, ff. 314-322, J-N - Gan, Wang & Peng, 2017. Zootaxa 4226(2): 277, f. 2A-G, 3A-F (mf).. All ęcopyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy. All ęcopyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Ligurra Simon, 1903
Type species Ligurra latidens(3 recognizable species)
See more species at Ligurra-Q+M

L
Figure . A-B, H-J Ligurra latidens, C-D Ligurra opelli, E-G Ligurra moniensis.
SOURCES: A-B- 1984a. Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogiczne,  Siedlce: 77 ,C-D - Berry, Beatty, Prószyński 1997. J. Arachnology. 25(2): 128-129, f 75-80, E-G - Prószyński, Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010. Arthr. sel., 19(3): 173, 101-106,H-J - © Photo H. K. Tang, I-J - © Photo Koh J. 1989: 109.x . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Phyaces Simon, 1902
Type species Phyaces comosus (3 recognizable species)
See more species at
Phyaces-Q+M

Figure . A-F - Phyaces comosus: A-B - coll. O. P.-Cambridge, Mus. Oxford, C-F - type specimens - coll. Simon.
SOURCES: A-B Prószyński 1984a. Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogiczne,  Siedlce: 110, C-F - Wanless 1986. Bull. Brit. Mus. 50: 104-105, f 1A-H, 2A-G. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Poecilorchestes Simon, 1901
Type species Poecilorchestes decoratus (2 recognizable species)
See more at Poecilorchestes-Q+M

Figure . A-C - Poecilorchestes logunovi, D-J -Poecilorchestes decoratus, K-M - Poecilorchestes sp. from Borneo: Balikpapan.
SOURCES: A-C -Prószyński & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2013. Arthropoda Selecta 22:: 139, f. 113-115, D-J -Poecilorchestes decoratus Proszynski 1971c. Annales Zoologici, 28: : 179, f 45-53., K-M - ©Photo D. Petot. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Simaetha Thorell, 1881
Type species Simaetha thoracica (18 recognizable species).
See more species at Simaetha-Q+M

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Figure . A-D - Simaetha thoracica, E-F - Simaetha colemani, G - Simaetha paetula, H - Simaetha sp. from Australia, I-J - Simaetha sp. from Singapore.
SOURCES: A-D - Davies Todd, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queensl. Mus.,27 (2): 221, t 25, E-F - Zabka, 1994,1994a. Records W Australian Mus. 16: 510-511, f 6a-c. G -: Zabka M. 1994a. Rec. W. Australian Mus., 16: 520, f 13a-f, 14a-e, H - ©Photo G. Anderson, I-J -© Photo H.K. Tang. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Simaethula Simon, 1902
Type species Simaethula janthina (unrecognizable) (4 recognizable species)
See more species at Simaethula-Q+M

Figure - . A- Simaethula janthina - all existing diagnostic(!) data, type species, B-E - Simaethula sp. F -D - Simaethula sp [AUS-275] Queensland: Cairns (conspecificity of palp uncertain).
SOURCES: A- Simon E. 1903a. 832, f 991 (=K), B-E - Davies Todd, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queens. Mus. 27 (2): 222, t 26, F-J -©Photo R. Whyte. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy

Gen. Simaethulina Wesołowska, 2012
Type species Simaethulina castanea (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Simaethulina-Q+M

Figure . A-G - Simaethulina castanea : Wesolowska 2012b. Genus. 23(2): 215, f 47-54 (subfamilal placement uncertain, but note spermathecae similarity!),

SOURCES: A-G - Wesolowska 2012b. Genus. 23(2): 215, f 47-54. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Stergusa Simon, 1889
Type species Stergusa improbula (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Stergusa-Q+M

Figure . A-G - Stergusa[?] incerta (habitus, cheliceral fang, palp), D-G - Stergusa sp. from (Sri Lanka, 2000 m). H - note by Prószyński ["ins. Taprobane" = Sri Lanka ].

SOURCES. A-G - Prószynski, Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010. Arthropoda Selecta 19(3): 180,138-141, D-G - ©Photo C.L. Deeleman. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Stertinius Simon, 1890
Type species Stertinius dentichelis (unrecognizable) (7 recognizable species)
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Figure . - Stertinius onoi .
SOURCES: Prószynski, Deeleman-Reinhold 2013 Arthr. select. 21(1)[?]: f 87-95. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Uroballus Simon, 1902
Type species Uroballus octovittatus (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Uroballus-Q+M

U
Figure . A-C - Uroballus octovittatus, D - Uroballus sp., E-G - Uroballus koponeni.
SOURCES: A-C - Prószyński 1987. Atlas ...: 107-108, D - Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 87, E-G -Logunov, 2014b: 184, f. 1-10. © 2014 Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Xuriella Wesolowska, Russell-Smith, 2000
Comment: while Xuriella resembles SIMAETHINES by body shape and proportions, it differs distinctly
by palps and internal structure of epigyne see - Xuriella.