Main links: Title page Introduction & guides INDEXES_chapters_&_genera Open PDF printout of this file


Salticidae (Araneae) genera of the world - an atlas
(unfinished manuscript)
by Jerzy Prószyński

Professor Emeritus, Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences,
ul. Wilcza 63, 00-679 Warsaw, POLAND

e-mail: jerzy.proszynski@wp.pl

 

Chapter 6

COLONINES
informal group of genera
Version August 24th, 2020.


symbol of the supragroup CHRYSILLOIDA

Composition. The following genera are included: Adoxotoma Aphirape Balmaceda Banksetosa CapidavaCeriomura Colonus Cotinusa Gedea Kalcerrytus Marma Metacyrba Nilakantha Paramaevia Paramarpissa Parathiodina Philira Platycryptus Psecas Pachomius Sumampattus Tarkas Trydarssus Wedoquella Xanthofreya.

Exemplary representatives of the group
A-B - Colonus sylvanus, C - Colonus pallidus, D - Cotinusa distincta, DD- Looks like misidentified and misplaced, presence of distant haematodocha disagrees with all species of COLONINES, including Cotinusa distincta itself.
Capidava auriculata G-H -Capidava biuncata Edwards,. composite structure of palpal organ
SOURCE:
See below un the text. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

REMARK. COLONINES (replacement name for Thiodininae, representative species = Thiodina sylvana ) are characterized by arch of spermophor visible in the anterior half of bulbus, parallel to hairlike embolus, arising laterally from the posterior half of bulbus. Tibial apophysis consist usually of two rami, often as long as half of the cymbium, lying flat of the posterior and lateral surface of cymbium respectively. Internal structure of epigyne variable, insufficiently known.

Mutual diagnostic characters of genera included. Anterior half of bulbus with prominent semiarch of spermophor, posterior half of bulbus fleshy and somewhat elevated, the border between these parts run transversally (sometimes obliquely) across the whole breadth of bulbus. Tibial apophysis usually prominently biramous. Documentation of epigyne in the literature is very insufficient.

ORIGIN OF NAME - Remarks. After discovery by Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz (2015) that Thiodina nicoleti Roewer, 1951 - type species of both subfamily Thiodinine and of genus Thiodina Simon, 1900 - is incompatible with remaining species of that taxon (hereby  transferred to HYLLINES), the genus name of remaining species is changed to Colonus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901 and it seemed logical to delimit new group of genera, for which I coined derived name COLONINES. However, Maddison (2015: 239) invented equivalent group called Tribe Gophoini after "... type genus Gophoa Simon, 1901, currently considered a junior synonym of Cotinusa Simon, 1900". It is preferable to have single, accepted name for these spiders, but I cannot understand reason for usage of obscure junior synonym Gophoa as a model and the type species for the new group of genera. As Maddison (op. cit.) writes "The best genus is Colonus ..." - which is also my chosen preference. I think that nomenclature should be as logic and self understanding as possible, in difference to bureaucratic complexity of the ICZN rules, as interpreted by W. P. Maddison..
Remarks 2. Placement and contents of COLONINES raises some doubts, due to imprecise diagnostic drawings of palps in literature. Arches of spermophor in the anterior half of bulbus resembles CHRYSILLOIDA, but it is not clear whether posterior fleshy area is basis of embolus, overlying bulbus, or is it just part of bulbus with embolus connected in a different way. Excellent drawing of expanded bulbus of Cotinusa sp. by Ruiz & Maddison, 2015: 255, f. 52) with curled embolus atop large and distal haematodocha, differs from other Cotinusa drawings showing embolus hair like, long and gently bent. I suppose now that specimen DD depicted above is misplaced, but that requires confirmation.

NEW INTERPRETATION: Complicated structure of palpal organ, displayed on photographs by G. B. Edwards (2015) suggest new similarities of several genera of COLONINES and their new taxonomic placement. Pending further considerations!

Diversity of main diagnostic characters of COLONINES

Gen. AdoxotomaSimon, 1909
Type species Adoxotoma nigro-olivacea Simon, 1909d: (9 recognizable species)
See more species at Adoxotoma-Q+M

4
Figure - X .A - Adoxotoma nigroolivacea, B-C - Adoxotoma chinopogon, D - Adoxotoma justyniae. Photographs A - Adoxotoma chinopogon and B-C - Adoxotoma nodosa.
SOURCES:. A - Zabka 2001 Rec. W. Austral. Mus., 20: 324, figs 1a-d, A1 -same, A2-3 - Zabka, 2001: 326, f. 3A-J: Zabka 2001. Rec. W. Austral. Mus., 20: 330-331, figs 5a-i, A4-5 - Photographs ©Photo R. Whyte. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Aphirape Koch C.L., 1850
Type species Euophrys ancilla C. L. Koch, 1846 (8 recognizable species)
See more species at Aphirape-Q+M

Figure - X. A-B - Aphirape ancilla: A - epigyne holotype. B - spermathecae and palp, C-D - Aphirape flexa, E-G - Aphirape flexa [identification ? - cf. A. uncifera?]: palp, epigyne and spermathecae.
SOURCES: A6-B - Proszynski 1987: 23, B-D -- Galiano 1981d. Comm. Mus. Argent. Cien. Nat., Entom.1 (7): 93, 98, 100, f 32, 36; 103-104, ff. 1, 26-27,E-G - Edwards, 2015: Zootaxa 4036(1): 20, f. 3A-I. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Balmaceda Peckham, Peckham, 1894
Type species Balmaceda picta Peckham & Peckham, 1894 (17 recognizable species)
See more species at Balmaceda-Q+M

Figure - X. A-C - Balmaceda picta, D - Balmaceda sp.
SOURCES:A-C - Edwards G.B. 2005b. Insecta Mundi, 19(4): 211-212, f 123-126. Ann.Species [compare Icius], D - Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 71. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Banksetosa Chickering, 1946
Type species Banksetosa dubia Chickering, 1946 (2 recognizable species)
See more species at Banksetosa-Q+M

A - Banksetosa dubia, B - Banksetosa notata
SOURCES: B3 -B5 - Chickering, A. M. (1946). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 97: 78, f. 62-66,: 81, f. 67-72.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Capidava Simon, 1902
Type species Capidava auriculata Simon, 1902 (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Capidava-Q+M

A - Capidava auriculata, B-I - Capidava biuncata (C, H - expanded palp).
SOURCES:. Galiano M.E. 1963b. Physis, 23(66): 317, ff. t. 13, ff. 1-2 + 317-319, t. 13, ff. 10-12 + 319, t. 14, f. 14.:C -Edwards, 2015: Zootaxa 4036(1):: 25, f. 5A-J. . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Ceriomura Chickering 1946
Type species Ceriomura cruenta Peckham & Peckham, 1894) (2 recognizable species)
Pending further nomenclatorical clarifications! Ceriomura=Gophoa?-Q +M

A - Ceriomura cruenta, B-E - Ceriomura damborskyae (C - internal structure of epigyne - unusual anterior view and ventral view, D - male, E - said to be females [? - more probably juveniles!].
SOURCES: A - Peckhams 1894. 2 (2): 103 T. 10 F. 2 B , All next - Rubio & Baigorria, 2016:: Zoology and Ecology 26(4): 266, f. 1c-f, , 2a-j. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
COMMENT: Tibial apophysis shape in the newly described male Ceriomura damborskyae Rubio & Baigorria, 2016

suggests resemblance to the genus Cotinusa (in 2016, unpublished synonym of Gophoa ???)

Gen. Colonus Pickard-Cambridge F., 1901
Type species Attus puerperus Hentz, 1846 (6 recognizable species)
See more species at Colonus-Q+M

Figure - X. Colonus puerperus [= syn. Thiodina ] .
SOURCES: A - Peckhams 1909. Trans. Wisc. Acad. Sci. Arts Let., 16 (1): 449, t 35, f 8, B - ©Photo D. Hill. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
Alternative view on placement of Colonus (and Breda) in AMYCINES, based on presence of charateristic loop of spermatophor (marked red), however, presence of loop in other COLONINES is not known, the general structure of palp resembles rather ICIINES.
SOURCE: Ruiz & Maddison 2015. Zootaxa 4040(3): 270, f 49-52 Magnolia Press.
All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Cotinusa Simon, 1900
Type species Sadala distincta Peckham & Peckham, 1888 (16 recognizable species)
See more species at Cotinusa-Q+M

A - Cotinusa distincta, B - Cotinusa sp., C-D - Cotinusa leucoprocta. A - B -
SOURCE: A - Peckham, 1888: 53, pl 1, f 70; pl 6, f 76, B - ©Phot Gasnier, Machado & Azevedo, C-D - Edwards, Rinaldi, Ruiz 2005. Biota Neotropica 5(2): 21, f 4-7, 47. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

A-B - Cotinusa horatia, male & female, C - C. trifasciata.
SOURCES :C3 - . ©Photo Gasnier, Azevedo & Machado, C5 - Edwards, Rinaldi, Ruiz 2005. Biota Neotropica 5(2): 21, f 4-7, 47, C6 - ©Photo Maddison, C7 - Rubio & Baigorria, 2016: 273, f. 4j-l, 5m-n . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Freya Koch C.L., 1850*
Type species Euophrys decorata C. L. Koch, 1846 (27 species)
See more species at Freya-Q+M

ATTENTION: classification to the group of genera tentative, based on photographs of Dr G. B. Edwards (below) showing structure of palpal organ, some details of which require further clarification.
K2
A-D, F-G - Freya decorata, E - Freya regia.
SOURCE: A - Galiano 2001. J. Arachnol. 29: 24, f. 1-3, 12-13, 19-20, 27, 33, 36, 44, B-C - Edwards, 2015: Zootaxa 4036(1): 36, f. 12A-K, .E-G - , Photo W. Maddison:Galiano 2001. J. Arachnol. 29: 24. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Gedea Simon, 1902
Type species Gedea flavogularis Simon, 1902 (5 recognizable species)
See more species at Gedea-Q+Ml

A - Gedea flavogularis Type specimen "20390 Gedia [!] ... Palembang", B - Gedea pinguis from Yunnan, C - Gedea pinguis from Thailand, coll. Deeleman-Reinhold, Mus. Leiden, D - Gedea sp.
SOURCES: A - Proszynski 1987: 27, B - same, Cao, Li & Żabka, 2016. ZooKeys 630: 76-78 , f. 23, 43, C - drawn by by Proszynsk, unpublished, D - Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 102. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Kalcerrytus Galiano, 1999
Type species Kalcerrytus merretti Galiano, 2000 (15 recognizable species)
See more species at Kalcerrytus-Q+M

A-C, G - Kalcerrytus merreti, D-F, H - Kalcerrytus excultus.
SOURCES:. A-C, G - Galiano, 2000: 55, f. 1-3, 12-13, 24, 27-28, 38, 43, 49-53, 56-59; 71, f. 6, 55, 62-63, D-F, H - Edwards, 2015: 41, f. 15D-L. ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Marma Simon, 1902
Type species Marma baeri Simon, 1902 (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Marma-Q+M

Figure - X. A-C - Marma baeri, D-E - Marma nigritarsis.
SOURCES: A-C - Galiano: 1962c: 31, 32, 40-44, t. 1, f 6-9; t 2, f 4-5, D-E - Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 22, f 216-220. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Metacyrba Pickard-Cambridge F., 1901
and
Platycryptus Hill, 1979

Type species Attus taeniola Hentz, 1846 (6 recognizable species)
See more species at Metacyrba-Q+M
and
Type species Aranea undata De Geer, 1778 (9 recognizable species)
See more species at Platycryptus-Q+M

COMMENT. Epigyne and its internal structures are so similar in Metacyrba and Platycryptus that its seems that acceptation of separation of these genera requires new revision, with stress on structure of palps and internal structure of epigyne, as well as photographs o live specimens (in three standard positions). While abstaining temporarily from formal lumping again these genera, I quote their characters side by side and I strongly advise to execute these comparisons.
A-D - Metacyrba taeniola (D - from Oklahoma - ©photo E. Richman), E-H - Metacyrba taeniola[?] similis[?] .
SOURCES:. Barnes R. D. 1958. Am. Mus. Novit. 1867: 30-33, ff. 47-51, D - ©photo E. Richman, Edwards G.B. 2005. Insecta Mundi, 19(4): 197-198, f 1-12, 34, 98, E-H - Edwards, 2006:Insecta Mundi 19: 210, f. 107-108. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

COMMENT. Species theory requires entirely different sent of data to delimit subspecies - knowledge of population structure of the species and populational genetics. These data are not known for Metacyrba and Platycryptus, hence speaking on their subspecies are void.
A-C, F - Platycryptus undatus, D-E - Platycryptus californicus.
SOURCES: A - Paquin P., Duperre N. 2003. Fabreries, Suppl. 11: 200, f 2239-2241, D-E - Barnes R. D. 1958. Am. Mus. Novit. 1867: 36-39, f 55-56, 62, 65, 67, 69, E - ©Phot K. Collins, from "Peckhamia", D. E. Hill. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Nilakantha Peckham, Peckham, 1901
Type species Nilakantha cockerelli Peckham & Peckham, 1901 (4 unrecognizable species)
See more species at Nilakantha-Q+M

Remarks. Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz (2015). Zootaxa 4012(1): 181-190 write a list of species of the genus Nilakantha without providing single diagnostic drawing documentation and with unconvincing, three line diagnosis. In a result, the genus and its species remains unrecognizable - the drawings copied below are THE ONLY DOCUMENTATION EXISTING. Genus pending diagnostic documentation of all species.

A-D - Nilakantha cockerelli, E - Nilakantha crucifera, F-G - Nilakantha inerma, H - Nilakantha peckhami.
SOURCES: A-D - Peckhams 1901c. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1901 (2): 7, 8, t 2, f 1, E - Pickard-Cambridge F., 1901 Biol. Centr.-Amer.,Zool., 247, t 21, f 13, F-H - Bryant 1940 86: 451-453, f 231, 239; 454, t 18, f 238. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Pachomius Peckham & Peckham, 1896
Type species Attus dybowskii Taczanowski, 1871 (19 recognizable species)
See more species at Pachomius-Q+M

Pachomius dybowskii.
SOURCES: A - Galiano M.E. 1994. Bull. British Arachnol. Soc., 9(7): 215-216, B-F - Edwards, 2015: 51, f. 22A-M . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
Pachomius misionensis
SOURCES Galiano, 1995b. Physis C, 50 (118-119): 129, f 1-10, 31-32, 37-38. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
A-B -Pachomius niger, C-E -Pachomius albipalpis
SOURCES: A - Ruiz et all 2007: 24(2): 377, f 6-9, B -Caporiacco, 1948a: 716, f. 147, Galiano 1995c. Physis, C 50 (118-119): 135, f 17-18, 22, 45-47, 50. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
ATTENTION: masculine of "nigra" in Latin is "niger", not "nigrus".

Gen. Paramaevia Barnes, 1955
Type species Maevia poultonii Peckham & Peckham, 1901 (3 species)
See more species at Paramaevia-Q

REMARK. Opinion of Edwards (1977: 22) that "Paramaevia Barnes. ... should not have been erected and all species in it should revert back into Maevia, since Maevia (Paramaevia) michelsoni Barnes is intermediate between the two" is not supported by any diagnostic documentation, of the other hand palps of Maevia [defined by type species Maevia inclemens (Walckenaer, 1837)] are so different from Paramaevia that these forms cannot be congeneric

Figure - X. A - Paramaevia poultoni, B - Paramaevia hobbsae, C-D - Paramaevia michelsoni.
SOURCES:. A -C - Barnes 1955. Am. Mus. Novit. 1746: 7-9, 10, f 10-12 + 16-18, +9, f. 13-15, D - ©PhotG. B. Edwards. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Paramarpissa F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901
Type species Paramarpissa tibialis F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901 (5 recognizable species)
See more species at Paramarpissa-Q-M

A - Paramarpissa tibialis, B - Paramarpissa griswoldi, C - Paramarpissa sp., D-F - supposed close relative [?] Leptorchestes berolinensis.
SOURCES: A-B - Logunov,Cutler 1999 J. N. Hist. 33(8): 1224-1125, f 13-16; 1227, f 24-30., D - Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 103, D-F - Proszynski in (eds.) Heimer & Nentwig 1991: 508, f. 1357, E - ©Photo J. Lissner. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
COMMENT. According to Maddison Paramarpissa is close relation of Leptorchestes. Interesting!

Gen. Parathiodina Bryant, 1943
Type species Parathiodina compta . (1 species)
See more species at Parathiodina-Q+M

Parathiodina compta .
SOURCES: Bryant E. B. 1943. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 92 (9): 502-503, t 4, f 42, 45

Gen. Phiale C. L.Koch, 1846
Type species Phiale gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (25 species)
See more species at Phiale-Q+M

ATTENTION. Group placement tentative. based on photographs by G. B. Edwards (below), similar to Freya, showing some details of structure of palpal organ requiring further clarification. As Edwards already noted (2015), it seems that this genus deserves splitting.
A-J - Phiale gratiosa, A-B -palp & spermatheca, C - same, type specimen, No. 1625. Mus. Berlin [classification uncertain], D-E - habitus, male & female, F - palp, G - epigyne, H-J - palp.
SOURCES::
A-B - Galiano 1981e. Bull. Br. arachnol. Soc., 5 (5): 206, f 1, 5-6, 10-12, C - Proszynski 1984a. Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogiczne,  Siedlce: 165, Edwards, 2015: Zootaxa 4036 (1): 55, f. 24A-L. © Magnolia Press.
All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.
"Phiale" formosa
SOURCE:
Edwards, 2015: Zootaxa 4036 (1): 55, f. 23A-K. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Philira Peckham, Peckham, 1896
Type species Paramarpissa tibialis (5 recognizable species)
See more species at Philira-Q+M

A-H - Philira micans, same, I - Philira superba.
SOURCES: A-B -Galiano 1963b Physis, 23 (66): 344, t 18, f 7 1961a, same - Comen. Mus. Argent. Cien. Zool. 3, 6: 166-169, t. 2, ff. 6-9, C-H - same Edwards, 2015: Zootaxa 4036 (1): 58, f. 25A-K,X, I -Caporiacco, 1948a: 713, f. 142-143. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Platycryptus Hill, 1979
see together with Metacyrba above

Gen. Proctonemesia Bauab, Soares, 1978
Type species Proctonemesia multicaudata Bauab & Soares, 1978b (1 recognizable species)
See more species at
Proctonemesia-Q+M

Proctonemesia multicaudata .
SOURCES: : Bauab Vianna,Soares 1978b. Revista bras. Biol., 38 (1): 25, f 1-9. X. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Psecas C. L. Koch, 1851
Type species Psecas cyaneus[ no palps illustrated,
representative species - P. zonatus] (7 recognizable species)
See more species at Psecas-Q+M

A - Psecas cyaneus - HOLOTYPE, B - Psecas euoplus, C-D - Psecas chapoda, E - Psecas zonatus.
SOURCES: A - Proszynski 1984a. Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogiczne,  Siedlce: 163, B - Chickering 1946. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 97: 99 f 89-95, C- ©Phot G. B. Edwards., DpE - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 424, t. 32, f 14-18; 425-427, t. 32, f 1-2. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Semiopyla Simon, 1901
Type species Semiopyla cataphracta Simon, 1901[PLACEMENT? ] ( 3 recognizable species)
See more species at Semiopyla-Q+M

Figure - A-C - Semiopyla cataphracta ,D-G - Semiopyla viperina (B, E - SEM photo of palps, note strange shape of tip of embolus, lying on broad flat and apically rounded structure).
SOURCES:Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 442, t. 34, f 8-12.
Galiano 1985c. Rev. suisse Zool., 92 (2): 284-287, f 6-8,10-11, 14-16, 21-23 . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy. .

COMMENT. Placement uncertain. note broad structure under tip of embolus, visible on SEM but not marked on drawings, also thin, soft structure running from lower part of "embolus" across upper part of bulbus - a character of COLONINES, marked heretofore on a few drawings of some relevant spiders. Loop of spermophor in the center of bulbus (A) fit rather AMYCINES.]

Gen. Sumampattus Galiano, 1983
Type species Eustiromastix pantherinus Mello-Leitão, 1942 (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Sumampattus-Q+M

A-E - Sumampattus pantherinus.
SOURCES: A - Galiano 1983. Physis C, 41 (101): 152-155, f 5-10, 13-1, B-E - Edwards, 2015: Zootaxa 4036 (1): 61, f. 27A-N. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

COMMENT. The above documentation to Sumampattus illustrate well quality requirements: photographs are necessary to verify quality of diagnostic drawings, however, in the case of Galiano no verification is needed, her drawings show correctly necessary details, photographs of epigyne (D) are of poor quality, habitus photo are substandard because present dead discolored specimens and are too small.

Gen. Tarkas Edwards, 2015
Type species Cyrene maculatipes F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901 (1species)
See more data at Tarkas-Q+M

A - Tarkas maculatipes, B-I - same, Belize.
SOURCES:. A - Galiano 2001. J. Arachnology: 34, f. 14-16, B-I - Edwards, 2015: Zootaxa 4036 (1): 63, f. 28A-E, G-O. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. TrydarssusGaliano, 1995
Type species Trydarssus nobilitatus. (2 species)
See more data at Trydarssus-Q+M

Trydarssus nobilitatus.
SOURCES:. Galiano 1995a. Bol. Soc. Biol. Conc., 66: 106-107, Figs 2, 7-10, 13, 14, 18, 19. By courtesy. + Richardson, 2010. Salticidae of Chile. Zootaxa 2418: 42, f. 119-123. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Trydarssus pantherinus - details of male palpal organ (for abbreviations see original paper).
SOURCES: Edwards, 2015: Zootaxa 4036 (1): 67, f. 31A-O. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Wedoquella Galiano, 1984
Type species Wedoquella denticulata (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Wedoquella-Q+M

REMARK.- compare Thiodina nicoleti ( neotype : by Bustamante, Maddison, Ruiz 2015. Zootaxa 4012 (1): 181–190, f 1-30. © Magnolia Press.z, A2 - same, , A3 - [,
1_chrysilloida/img_1_6_colonines/
A-D - Wedoquella denticulatam, Wedoquella macrothecata.
SOURCES: A-D - Galiano M.E.1984a. J. Arachnol., 11: 345-347, f 4-6, 10-11, 16-17, E-I - Edwards, 2015: Zootaxa 4036 (1): 71, f. 33A-M. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Xanthofreya Edwards, 2015
Type species Xanthofreya rustica. (3 species)
See more species at
Xanthofreya-Q+M

A-G - Xanthofreya rustica.
SOURCES: A-C, F-G - Edwards, 2015: Zootaxa 4036 (1): 76, f. 36A-N. © Magnolia Press, D-E - Photo Gita Bodner.
All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.