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Salticidae (Araneae) genera of the world - an atlas
(unfinished manuscript)
by Jerzy Prószyński

Professor Emeritus, Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences,
ul. Wilcza 63, 00-679 Warsaw, POLAND

e-mail: jerzy.proszynski@wp.pl

Chapter 7

HYLLOIDA and HYLLINES

informal group of genera
Version September 7th, 2020


symbol of the supragroup HYLLOIDA

Composition and searching on this page. Abracadabrella Afrobeata Brancus Cembalea Chira [Cosmophasis [18 species resembling type species, other tentatively in Cosmophasis"-ICINES], Eburneana , Encymachus , Enoplomischus Epeus Erasinus Helvetia, Hinewaia Hyllus Iranattus Maevia Maltecora Marpissa Mendoza Mogrus Nannenus Nosferattus Opisthoncus, Parajotus Paraphilaeus Paraplatoides Penionomus Philaeus Pignus Plexippoides Poessa Ptocasius Telamonia Thiodina Thyene Tullgrenella Tusitala Ureta Vailimia Viciria Wesolowskana Yaginumaella Yogetor.

Hyllus semicupreus : Proszynski J. 1984a. Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogiczne,  Siedlce 166.(Type Species, Holotype) + 64-65 + © Photo Samson Davis.


Supragroup of genera HYLLOIDA


Mutual diagnostic characters of genera include
embolus arising directly from side of bulbus, usually long, running parallel along the bulbus, in some cases encircling it, or stretching ahead in a shallow groove of the tip of cymbium. Epigyne  with membranous “windows”, or grooves. Ducts prominent, often coiled or spiraled, in some cases making double spiral. Spermathecae in a form of  compact bodies, with convoluted internal  chambers.
Description. . Embolus is accompanied by separate conductor in HABRONATTINES and YLLENINES. in other groups appears single, but in PELLENINES much broadened. That broadening was dissected and scanned in history making discovery by Logunov & Marusik (1999) that massive "embolus" may be in fact a kind of covering sheath, developed from modified conductor (see below). If to extend, tentatively, that interpretation to all broad, fleshy "emboli" with sclerotized and hair thin embolus proper inside (in MYRMARACHNINES translucent, in other Pellenes protruding apically, in "Titanattus"acanjuba thin, transparent emerges from the middle of a robust and sclerotized "embolus") it may throw light on evolution of embolus, contributing to and explanation of relationships between various forms. Membranous pair of  "windows", or single "window" in epigyne, is in some genera replaced by sclerotized grooves, separated by a septum. There is usually a pair of pockets, or single pocket. Ducts prominent, membranous or sclerotized, often coiled or spiraled, in some cases making double spiral. Spermathecae in some cases making compact body, with convoluted internal chambers, duct like. Armature of scent exuding pores often developed into chimney like duct, running towards the tegument. Body shape and color pattern often characterize particular genera, but not groups of genera.

Group of genera HYLLINES

Mutual diagnostic characters of genera included. Embolus long and thin, arising directly from lateral, posterior part of the bulbus, running parallel along side of bulbus, almost touching, in some genera encircling it. Differs from AMYCOIDA by not displaying central loop of spermophor. Ducts long and complicated, with walls thinner than those of spermathecae.

Survey of genera

Gen. Abracadabrella Żabka, 1991
Type species Abracadabrella elegans
(3 recognizable species)
See more species at
Abracadabrella-Q+M

A
Figure - . A-D - Abracadabrella elegans.
SOURCE: A-B - Zabka 1991b. Mem. Queens. Mus., 30: 626, f 4A-D, 5A-D, C-D - ©Photo: R. Whyte.
All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Afrobeata Caporiacco, 1941
Type species Afrobeata latithorax (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Afrobeata

A3
A-B - Afrobeata latithorax, C - Afrobeata firma, D - Afrobeata magnifica.
SOURCE: - A-B - Proszynski 1987: 1, C - Wesolowska W., A. Russel-Smith. 2000. Tropical Zool., 13 (1): 16, figs 6-13, D - Wesolowska, van Harten 1994. 86: 9-14, fig. 19-27. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Berrus* gen. n. Prószyński (unpublished)

Berrus carolinensis ( Berry, Beatty, Prˇszynski, 1996) comb. n. . Berrus betsyae sp. n. Proszynski (Berry's collection from Caroline Is.),
SOURCE: Holoplatys carolinensis Berry, Beatty & Prószyński, 1996: Journal of Arachnology 24: 236, f. 74-83 (Dmf; N.B.: might belong to Hinewaia Hinewaia per Zabka & Pollard, 2002: 598 - NOT! WRONG! - J.P.). All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.
Facsimile of original description of "Holoplatys" carolinensis.
SOURCE: Holoplatys carolinensis Berry, Beatty & Prószyński, 1996: Journal of Arachnology 24: 236, f. 74-83. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Brancus Simon, 1902
Type species Brancus muticus (20 recognizable species)
See more species at http:/salticidae.pl/salticidae/

A-B - Brancus muticus, C - Brancus calebi Kanesharatnam & Benjamin, 2018 -palp, habitus, same (as Thyene bivittata) live specimen,
SOURCE: A-B - Proszynski J. 1987. Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogiczne,  Siedlce: 7, Azarkina, Foord 2013. Zootaxa 3686(2): 169, f 18-35, Kanesharatnam & Benjamin, European Journal of Taxonomy 444: : 9, f. 4A-E, 5C-D, Caleb, Mattai 2014b. JEZS 2(5): 65, f 31-37. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Cembalea Wesolowska, 1993
Type species Cembalea plumosa
(Lessert, 1925) (5 recognizable species)
See more species at Cembalea

A-B - Cembalea plumosa :from Kibonoto, leg Sjostedt, Mus. Stockholm, C - D - same.
SOURCE: A-B - Proszynski 1984a. Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogiczne,  Siedlce: 141, C - Wesolowska 1993b: Genus, 4 (1): 37-40, f 11-20, D - ©Photo by T. Szuts
All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Chira Peckham, Peckham, 1896
Type species Chira trivittata
(10 recognizable species)
See more species at Chira

A-E - Chira trivittata, F - Chira sp.
SOURCE: A-B - Galiano M. E. 1961a. Comen. Mus. Argent. Cien. Zool. 3, 6: 183, t. 3, ff. 8, 18, C-E - same, Edwards, 2015: Zootaxa 4036(1): 26, f. 7A-L. ©Magnolia Press, F - ©Photo Gasnier & Machado. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Cosmophasis Simon, 1901
Type species Cosmophasis thalassina
(10[?] recognizable species, other tentatively in ICIINES see "Cosmophasis"-ICINES]
See more species at Cosmophasis [type species & bitaeniatus group!]-Q+M

ATTENTION: Cosmophasis s. l. is a popularly known genus in Eastern Hemisphere tropics, recognizable in field by iridescent color pattern, due to iridescent scales coverage (being apparently a sort of camouflage against predators). There are several groups of species differing strikingly by shape of palps and spermathecae. Drawings suggesting splitting and reclassification Cosmophasis different genera are shown below.

A-D: Two different species (see palp proportions!): A - Cosmophasis thalassina ( HOLOTYPUS , Bintang, Hinterindien, Boettger". ZMB 1747). and B-D - Cosmophasis "thalassina" (male & female 1 of two), E-H - Cosmophasis micans (not thalassina) Baron Gorge.
SOURCE: A - Zabka, Ann. zool. 1988b: 444, f 62-63, B-D - Żabka & Waldock 2012. Ann. zool.: 62(1): 118-120, f 1–4, 61A, E-H - ©Photo R. Whyte. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

ATTENTION: males from Bintang Is. and Baron Gorge, Queensland, differ by length of pedipalpal tibia. Solving of conspecificity require comparison of diversity of specimens from various parts of range. Two females illustrated by Żabka & Waldock 2012 may represent two species
I -K - Cosmophasis bitaeniata, L-N - Cosmophasis lami, O-P - Cosmophasis viridifasciata, Q-R - "Maevia" viridifasciata (Amboina, O. Beccari. Mus. Civ. Storia Nat., Genova).
SOURCE: I-J - Żabka, Waldock 2012. ©Ann. zool.: 62(1): 122-123 , f 10–14, 61D (male SYNTYPE), K - ©Photo R. Whyte, L-M - Zabka & Waldock, 2012: 123, f. 17A-F, 18A-D, 19A-F, O-P - Proszynski 1984a. Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogiczne,  Siedlce: 25-26, Q-R - © Photo J. Gardzińska. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

S-V - For comparison: belonging to ICIINES Cosmophasis micarioides (identification of photographs uncertain).
SOURCE: S-V - Zabka & Waldock, 2012: 123, f. 43, F-G - ©Photo R. Whyte. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Eburneana Wesolowska & Szüts, 2001
Type species Eburneana scharffi
(3 recognizable species)
See more species at Eburneana-Q+M

A-B - Eburneana scharffi, C - Eburneana sp.
SOURCE: A-B - Wesolowska & Szuts 2001. Ann. Zool. 51(4): 525-528, f 9-23, C - Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 133. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Encymachus Simon, 1902
Type species
Encymachus livingstonei :Simon, 1902 (2 recognizable species)
See more species at Encymachus-Q+M

Encymachus livingstonei.
SOURCE: Szuts 2005 (2007) [sic!]. Opusc. zool., 36: 86, f 1-6. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Enoplomischus Giltay, 1931 (2 species)
Type species Enoplomischus ghesquierei
( recognizable species)
See more species at Enoplomischus-Q-M

A - Enoplomischus sp.,
B-E- Enoplomischus spinosus.
SOURCE: A - Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 105, B-E- - Wesolowska, Szeremeta. 2001. Ins. Syst. Evol. 32(2): 219, figs 4-10, E - Wesolowska 2005. Genus, 16(2): 307-311, f 1-8. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Epeus Peckham & Peckham, 1886 (15 species)
Type species Epeus tener
( recognizable species)
See more species at Epeus-Q+M

A-B- Epeus tener, C - Epeus flavobilineatus.
SOURCE: A-B- Proszynski 1984a. Ann. zool. 409, f 13-16, 18, C - © Photo H.K. Tang,All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Erasinus Simon, 1899 (2 species)
Type species Erasinus flagellifer Simon, 1899 [species dubious]

See more species at Erasinus-Q+M

Erasinus gracilis
SOURCE: Zabka in: Proszynski 1984a. Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogiczne,  Siedlce: 41. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Helvetia Peckham & Peckham, 1894
Type species Helvetia santarema
(7 recognizable species)
See more data at Helvetia-Q+M

A - Helvetia sp. , B-C - Helvetia riojanensis
SOURCE: A - Painting by Kuniko Arakawa, B-C - Galiano M.E. 1965c. Rev. Soc. Ent. Arg., 27 (1-4): 47-49, ff. 7-8 +c) 47, pl. 1, f. 1-6,All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Hinewaia Zabka & Pollard, 2002 (1 sp.)
Type species Hinewaia embolica
( recognizable species)
See more species at Hinewaia-Q+M

A-B - Hinewaia embolica
SOURCE: Zabka, Pollard 2002c. Annales zoologici, Warszawa, 52 (4): 597-600, figs 1-11.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Hyllus C. L. Koch, 1846 (1 species)
Type species Hyllus giganteus
( recognizable species)
See more species at Hyllus-Q+M

A - Hyllus giganteus (Type Species, Holotype ), B - Hyllus semicupreus, C -Hyllus sp, D - Hyllus sp.
SOURCE: A-B - Proszynski J. 1984a. Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogiczne,  Siedlce 166, C -© Photo S. Kulkarni & V.A.Ismavel, D - © Photo Samson Davis.All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

COMMENT. According to Maddison, 2015, Hyllus (above) is close relation of Plexippus. Interesting!

Gen. Iranattus Proszynski, 1992
Type species Iranattus rectangularis Proszynski, 1992 (2 recognizable species)
See more species at Iranattus-Q+M

Iranattus rectangularis
SOURCE:Proszynski J. 1992a. Ann. zool., 44, 8: 97-98, f 35-40, All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Kupiuka Ruiz, 2010
Type species Kupiuka extratheca. (8 recognizable species)
See more species at Kupiuka-Q+M

COMMENT. Placement pending further considerations, note complicated but unclear internal structure of epigyne_.
A-C - Kupiuka extratheca , D - Kupiuka murici.
SOURCE: A-D - Ruiz, 2010. Zootaxa, 2630: 58-60, f 1-8–11 © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Maevia C.L. Koch, 1846 (3 species)
Type species Maevia inclemens
( recognizable species)
See more species at Maevia-Q+M

A - Maevia inclemens, B-C - Maevia expansa, D - Maevia intermedia.
SOURCE: A - Paquin P., Duperre N. 2003. Fabreries, Suppl. 11: 197, figs 2196-2198, B - ©photo G.B. Edwards, 2001, C-D - Barnes. 1955. Am. Mus. Novit. 1746: 6-7, ff. 3, 9, ff. 2, 5-6. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Maltecora Simon, 1909
Type species Maltecora janthina (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Maltecora-Q+M

A-B - Maltecora janthina, C - Maltecora chrysochlora.
SOURCE: A-B - Wesolowska W. 1989b. Doriana, 6, 264: 3-5, f 1-12, C - Proszynski J. 1987. Atlas ...: 62 All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Marpissa C.L. Koch, 1846
Type species Marpissa muscosa (23 recognizable species)
See more species at Marpissa-Q+M

Diversity in Palaearctic Marpissa spp. A - Marpissa muscosa, B - Marpissa radiata, C - Marpissa pomatia, D - Marpissa pulla .
SOURCE:. A-C - Zabka M. 1997. Fauna Polski 19: 63, figs 189-200; . 65, f. 209-214; 64, f. 201-208, D - Bohdanowicz, Proszynski 1987. Annales zoologici, 41, 2: 88, f. 135-144. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.
Marpissa muscosa male & female.
SOURCE: Photo J. Lissner. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.
A - Marpissa pulla, B - Marpissa nivoyi.
SOURCE: A - ©Photo Ono, Ikeda, Kono, B - ©Photo J. Lissner. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Mendoza Peckham & Peckham, 1894 (12 species)
Type species Mendoza canestrini ( recognizable species)
See more species at Mendoza-Q+M

A-C - Mendoza canestrinii.
SOURCE: A-B - Bohdanowicz, Proszynski 1987.
Annales zoologici, 41, 2: 76, f. 112-120, C - ©Photo Lissner. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Mogrus Simon, 1882
Type species Mogrus fulvovittatus (26 recognizable species)
See more species at Mogrus-Q+M

A - Mogrus fulvovittatus, B, D-E - Mogrus neglectus - male & female, C - Mogrus logunovi, F - Mogrus frontosus.
SOURCE: A-B - Andreeva, Kononenko, Proszynski 1981. Ann. zool.: 85-87, f. 1-5, C - Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool. 102-105, f 407-413, D-E - ©Photo A. Senglet, F - ©Photo A. Senglet, Kanesharatnam, N. & Benjamin, S. P. (2018). European Journal of Taxonomy 444: 6A-D. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Nannenus Simon, 1902
Type species Nannenus syrphus (5 recognizable species)
See more species at Nannenus-Q+M

A-B - Nannenus syrphus, C - N. maughami, D - N. siedleckii, E - N. lyriger, F - Nannenus" sp., G-J - Nannenus menghaiensis.
SOURCE: A-B - Proszynski 1987. Atlas ...: 69-70, C-E - Prószyński & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2012. Arthr. select. 21(1): 47-48, f 93-10, F - Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231, f. 97, G-J - Cao, Li & Żabka, 2016. ZooKeys 630: 82-85, f. 28–29, 43. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Nosferattus Ruiz & Brescovit, 2005
Type species Nosferattus discus. (5 recognizable species) [Placement uncertain[
See more species at Nosferattus-Q+M

A - Nosferattus discus, B-C - Nosferattus aegis.
SOURCE: A-C - Ruiz, Brescovit 2005a. Revta bras. Zool. 22(3): 688, f 1-5; 689, f 6-9. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Opisthoncus Koch L., 1880
Type species Opisthoncus polyphemus
(30 recognizable species)
See more species at Opisthoncus-Q+M

Figure - . O2-O3 - Opisthoncus parcedentatus, Opisthoncus polyphemus, O1 - Opisthoncus mordax.
SOURCE: O2-O3 - Davies, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queens. Mus.: 250, 251, t 51, Gardzińska, Żabka 2013. Zootaxa 3717 (4): 433, f 22, 23. ©Magnolia Press, O1 -s : © Photo: R. Whyte. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Parajotus Peckham & Peckham, 1903
Type species Parajotus obscurofemoratus (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Parajotus-Q+M

A - Parajotus obscurofemoratus, B-D - Parajotus cinereus .
SOURCE: P -Proszynski 1984a. Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogiczne,  Siedlce : 99, P1 - Wesolowska 2011. © Genus, 22(2): 334-335, f 65-68, 92-93. same, photo R. R. Jackson.,
All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Paraphilaeus Zabka, 2003
Type species Paraphilaeus daemeli
(1 recognizable species)
See more species at Paraphilaeus-Q+M

A-D - Paraphilaeus daemeli.
SOURCE: A-D -Zabka, M. 2003. Annales zoologici, 53: 723-727, f 1-15, C-D -© Photo R. Whyte. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Paraplatoides Żabka, 1991
Type species Paraplatoides tenerrimus
(7 recognizable species)
See more species at Paraplatoides-Q+M

Figure - Paraplatoides tenerrimus. P3 - Paraplatoides darwini, P4 -Paraplatoides niger, Paraplatoides sp. - ©Painting by Bernard Duhem.
SOURCE: P3 - Waldock, 2009. Rec West. Australian Mus. 25(3): 305-308, f 1-5. .P4 - Zabka, 1992a. Rec. Austr. Mus. 44: 173-175, f 8a-c +b) 171, f. 4a-c, 5a-c + Waldock, 2009. Rec West. Australian Mus. 25(3): 305-308, f 1-5, ©Painting by Bernard Duhem. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Penionomus Simon, 1903
Type species Penionomus longipalpis
(2 recognizable species)
See more species at Penionomus-Q+M

A-B - Penionomus longipalpis, C - "Penionomus" sp. - misinterpretation of the genus.
SOURCE: A-B - Żabka M. 1988b. Annales zoologici, Warszawa, 41 (14): 463-465, f 114-119, C - Maddison et al, 2008 52, f. 1. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Philaeus Thorell, 1869
Type species Philaeus chrysops
(2 recognizable species)
See more species at Philaeus-Q+M

A-F - Philaeus chrysops.
SOURCE: A-B - Proszynski. Ann. zool., 2003, 53 (1): 121-122, f 501-506, C-D, F - © photo Senglet, E - photo by © Lissner. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.
ATTENTION - widely distributed in the Palaearctic Region, this species displays big variability of color pattern, immature males have coloration similar to females.

Gen. Pignus Wesolowska, 2000
Type species Pignus simoni
(3 recognizable species)
See more species at Pignus-Q+M

Pignus simoni.
SOURCE: A-B - Wesolowska & Cumming, 2011: J. Afrotr. Zool. 7: 92-93, f 61-69, 98, C - Haddad, Wesolowska 2011. © Afr. Inver. 52(1): 107-109, f 140, 161-165. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Plexippoides Prószyński, [1976*] 1984
Type species Plexippoides starmuehlneri (male only) (25 recognizable species)
See more species at Plexippoides-Q+M

* NOTE: See explanatory note on delimitation of this genus at the NOTE on Helicius, Plexippoides and Yaginumaella

A, G-H - Plexippoides flavescens, B-C - Plexippoides starmuehlneri by Prószyński, D - same by Logunov, E - facsimile of Wesołowska 1996: 34, F - Plexippoides afghanus, I-L - Plexippoides arabicus.
SOURCE:
A, E - Wesolowska, 1996: 34, f. 24A, B-C - Prószyński, J. (1984b). Remarks on Anarrhotus, Epeus and Plexippoides (Araneae, Salticidae). Annales Zoologici, Warszawa 37: 400, f. 5-8, D - Logunov & Zamanpoore, 2005: 225, f. 29, F - Proszynski 1984a. Atlas ...: 47, G-L - Prószyński, J. 2003a. Annales zoologici. 53, 1: 138-139, f 564-565, 569-579. SOURCE: All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

ATTENTION: Type species controversy: Plexippoides flavescens or Plexippoides starmuehlneri (lectotype) by Prószyński and by Logunov & Zamanpoore, 2005 (the latter drawing unrecognizable), also facsimile of Wesołowska 1996: 34 on synonymy of Plexippoides arabicus with P. flavescens, NOT with P. starmuhlneri. These are different species. NB. References to P. flavescens in the WSC is a mess!

M - Plexippoides arabicus, N-O - Plexippoides gestroi,P-R - Plexippoides doenitzi.
SOURCE: M-N - Proszynski. Ann. zool., 141, figs 566, 575, 575a, O - ©Photo B. Knoflach, P14 - Proszynsk 1984b. Remarks on Anarrhotus, Epeus and Plexippoides (Araneae, Salticidae). Annales Zoologici, Warszawa 37: . Bohdanowicz A., Proszynski J. 1987. Ann. zool. 41, 2: 122-124, f 239-245, R - Photo Ono, Ikeda, Kono. Salticidae of Japan. Tokai University Press, 2009: 576, pl 46-8. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Poessa Simon, 1902
Type species Poessa argenteofrenata
(1 recognizable species)
See more species at Poessa-Q+M

Poessa argenteofrenata
SOURCE: Proszynski J. 1987. Atlas ...: 79. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Ptocasius Simon, 1885
Type species
Ptocasius weyersi Simon, 1885 (8 recognizable species)
See more species at Ptocasius-Q+M

A-C - Ptocasius weyersi, .D-F - Ptocasius paraweyersi [bulbus and embolus like P. weyersi (above)], G-I - Ptocasius strupifer.
SOURCE: A, G-I - Zabka 1985. Ann. zool. 39: 386, 440, f 530; 441-442, f 517-529,
B-C - same, Logunov & Jäger, 2015. Russian Entomological Journal 24(4): 360, f. 52-56, D-F - Cao, Li & Żabka, 2016. ZooKeys 630: 96-99, f. 38-39. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

ATTENTION: Palp and epigyne of Ptocasius strupifer resemble Yaginumaella (possibly should be transferred?), but copulatory ducts in epigyne rather resamble Ptocasius paraweyersi, note paired pockets.

Gen. Telamonia Thorell, 1887
Type species Telamonia festiva (17 recognizable species)
See more species at Telamonia-Q+M

A, D - Telamonia festiva: (there is a broken embolus[?] of male inside duct of epigyne], B-C, E-F - Telamonia vlijmi (C - post card, photographer unknown).
SOURCE: A-B - Proszynski J. 1984b. Ann. zool. 37: 421-423, f 11-17, D - ©Photo Koh J. 2013: 226, D - ©Photo A. Tanikawa . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Thiodina Simon, 1900
Type species Thiodina nicoleti) (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Thiodina-Q+M

COMMENT. Thiodina nicoleti was recently revised by Bustamante, Maddison, Ruiz 2015 (Zootaxa 4012 (1): 181–190), who redefined the species and produced drawings of its palpal organ, which seem to place genus within group HYLLINES, characterized by embolus originating from posterior lateral end of bulbus, entirely different from COLONINES, as it was ear;ier proposed. Female of Thiodina nicoleti remains unknown, so we cannot use its structure of spermathecae and ducts in classification. However, bulbous sensory setae ventrally on tibia I and on faces of chelicerae, according to Bustamante et al., 2015 diagnostic for the species, were not tested for occurrence in other genera, so are not suitable character for classification of genera. Bustamante mentions as possible relative genus Hyetussa (SARINDES), which has beautiful spiral of copulatory ducts in epigyne, its embolus has similar origin but is much longer, twisted around bulbus. With insufficient data on palps and internal structures of epigyne we will have to wait until further studies, promised by these authors.

117-118, 1-3, 8 - Thiodina nicoleti : Original drawing by Nicolet and tibia, reprinted by Richardson, 2010, 1-12 - same, neotype.
SOURCE: 117-118 - Original drawing by Nicolet reprinted by by Richardson, 2010. Zootaxa 2418: 42, f 117-118, © Magnolia Press, 1-12 - Bustamante, Maddison, Ruiz 2015. Zootaxa 4012 (1): 181–190, f 1-30. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Nomenclatorical correction: Thiodina perian [MISPLACED] should be transferred to other [NEW?] genus. See: Bustamante, A. A. & Ruiz, G. R. S. (2017). Systematics of Thiodinini (Araneae: Salticidae: Salticinae), with description of a new genus and twelve new species. Zootaxa 4362(3): 301-347.

Gen. Thyene Simon, 1885
Type species Thyene imperialis (42 recognizable species)
See more species at Thyene-Q+M

COMMENT. Summary of problems of composition of the genus Thyene (including "Mithion" dakarensis) is given by Prószyński & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010. Arthr. sel., 19(3): 183-186, Figs. 148-162, for comparison of diversity of 42 species of Thyene see at Thyene-Q+M.
A-B - Thyene imperialis, C-D - Thyene semiargentea, F-H - Thyene imperialis[?] male & female from Yemen, I-K - Thyene imperialis[?] male & juvenile from Tenerife.
SOURCE: A-B - Proszynski 1989. F. Saudi Ar. 57-59, f 69-72, C-D - Proszynski 1987. Atlas ...: 111-112, F-H - © Photo B. Knoflach, I-K - © Photo J. Lissner. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Tullgrenella Mello-Leitao, 1941
Type species Tullgrenella morenensis (13 recognizable species)
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A-B -Tullgrenella morenensis [placement uncertain], C - same.
SOURCE: A-B -Galiano 1970b. Physis, 29 (79): 336-339, f 1-4, 57 [placement uncertain], C - Edwards, 2015: Zootaxa 4036 (1): 69, f. 32A-H. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Tusitala Peckham & Peckham, 1902
Type species Tusitala barbata
(10 recognizable species)
See more species at Tusitala-Q+M

A-C - Tusitala barbata, D - Tusitala hirsuta[?], .E - Tusitala sp.
SOURCE:: Proszynski J. 1984a. Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogiczne,  Siedlce: 149, C - Wesołowska, W. & Haddad, C. R. 2009. Jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) of the Ndumo Game Reserve, Maputaland, South Africa. African Invertebrates 50: 92, f. 203-204, D - Próchniewicz, M. (1989). Mitteilungen aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 65(2): 225, f. 59-66, E - Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Ureta Wesolowska & Haddad, 2013
Type species rispinosa
(1 recognizable species)
See more species at Ureta-Q+M

A-C - Ureta quadrispinosa.
SOURCE: Wesolowska & Haddad, 2013 African Invertebrates 54: 232, f. 53, 101-102, 166-175. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Vailimia Kammerer, 2006
Type speciesVailima masinei Peckham & Peckham, 1907 (4 recognizable species)
Vailimia See more species at
Vailimia-Q+M

A-B - Vailimia bakoensis, C-D - Vailimia jianyuae.
SOURCE: Prószynski, Deeleman-Reinhold 2013. ©Arthr. selecta. 22(2): 143,, f 130-133, 138-140. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Viciria Thorell, 1877
Type species Viciria pavesii (2 recognizable species)
See more species at Viciria-Q+M

A-C - Viciria pavesii, lectotype and paratype, D - Viciria praemandibularis, E-F - Viciria praemandibularis - male, G - same, female protecting offsprings.
SOURCE: A-D - Proszynski J. 1984c. Annales zoologici, Warszawa, 37, 18: 420, f 1-4,
E - ©Photo Hirzi Hussain and F-G - ©Photo H. K. Tang. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.
Preliminary sorting out species of a genus (here on example of Viciria - 59 species placed there in 1960): names of recognizable species in black letters (here only two species) - blue letters - species inquirenda (unrecognizable at present but reviseable because their specimens are located in collections, - green letters - synonyms and combinnation, - names on darker gray background - species provisionally left in Viciria pending research on proper placement). Copy from the Salticidae Database 1995-2016 by J. Prószyński (all names are linked to pages with detailed data. In World Spider Catalog all names are listed in alphabetical order, without indication of their reliability).

Gen. Wesolowskana Koçak & Kemal, 2008
Type species Wesolowskana lymphatica (3 recognizable species)
See more species at http://www.peckhamia.com/salticidae/

Wesolowskana lymphatica.
SOURCE: A-C - Wesolowska W. 1998. Bol. Mus. Mun. Funchal, 50 (291): : 127, f. 4-7, 10-11, 14-15, 18-19, 21. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Yaginumaella Prószyński, [1976] 1979
Type species Yaginumaella ususudi Yaginuma, 1972 [and not Y. striatipes ]( 48 recognizable species)
See more species at Yaginumaella-Q+M

COMMENTS. Yaginumaella Prószyński, 1979: 319, type Pellenes ususudi Yaginuma, 1972; N.B.: this name had been published previously as a nomen nudum in 1976, when was also designated type species, it displays similarities in bulbus, embolus and pair of pockets in epigyne to Ptocasius strupifer (which is not type species) but not to P. weyersi (which is type species, a difference which resulted in wrong synonymy of these species by Logunov & Wesolowska, 1992: 144, f. 35A-D). See also NOTE on Yaginumaella.

A-B - Yaginumaella ususudi, C-G - Yaginumaella striatipes, G - comparison of tibial apophysis of Y. striatipes from Khabarowsk (A1-A2) and H - Yaginumaella ususudi from Japan (B1-B2), E - Yaginumaella striatipes, I-J - Y. senchalensis, K-L - Yaginumaella tenzingi, M-N - Yaginumaella medvedevi.
SOURCE: A-D - Bohdanowicz A., Proszynski J. 1987. Ann. zool., 41, 2: 146-148, f 306-312, E - Yaginuma 1986a. Spiders of Japan in Color: 223-224, f 124.2, plate 59: 5, F - © Ono, Ikeda, Kono. Salticidae of Japan. Tokai University Press, 2009: 568, pl 46-4, G-H - Logunov, Wesolowska 1992. Ann. Zool. Fennici, 29: 144-145, f 35, repeated Prószyński 2017b: 55, f. 25B1-3,25CA1-2, 26A, I-J - Prószyński 1992b Annales Zoologici 44, 9: 209, f. 185-189. K-L - Zabka M. 1980c. Senck. biol., 60 (5/6): 377-380; f 2, 4, 6, 8, 11, 15, 18, M-N - Proszynski J. 1979. Ann. zool., 34: 320, f 318-322.
All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright hol.ers, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Yogetor Wesolowska & Russell-Smith, 2000
Type species Yogetor bellus
(3 recognizable species)
See more species at Yogetor-Q+M

A-B - Yogetor bellus, C - Yogetor spiralis.
SOURCE: Y - Wesolowska & Russell-Smith, 2000:Tropical Zoology 13: 117, f. 326-332, Y1 - Wesolowska & Tomasiewicz, 2008: Journal of Afrotropical Zoology 4: 52, f. 198-205, 216.All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.