Main links: Title page Introduction & guides INDEXES_chapters_&_genera Open PDF printout of this filee

Salticidae (Araneae) genera of the world - an atlas
(unfinished manuscript)
by Jerzy Prószyński

Professor Emeritus, Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences,
ul. Wilcza 63, 00-679 Warsaw, POLAND

e-mail: jerzy.proszynski@wp.pl


 Chapter 9
HABRONATTINES

informal group of gener
a
Version August 24th, 2020.


symbol of the supragroup HYLLOIDA

Composition and searching on this page Habronattus(agilis-group) Habronattus(americanus-group) Habronattus(amicus-group) Habronattus(coecatus-group) Habronattus(decorus-group) Habronattus(dorotheae-group) Habronattus(moratus-group) Habronattus(pretiosus-group) Habronattus(tranquillus-group) Habronattus(viridipes-group) Habronattus(incertae-sedis-group)

Exemplary diagnostic charaters of HABRONATTINES
0D
Figure - . 0 - Habronattus americanus , 0A - Habronattus tarsalis FROM HAWAII , 0B - Habronattus hirsutus, 0C - Habronattus banksi (labelled as "Pellenes cambridgei") , 0D - Metaphorical coloration of Habronattus pyrrithricfrom Hawaii - glorious frontal view and grim back reality.
SOURCES: 0-0C Drawings by J. Prószyński, 0D - ©Photo D. Ross.

Informal group of genera HABRONATTINES

Contains at present 94 remarkable species of relatively large, rich colored jumping species classified into single genus Habronattus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901, of which type species is Habronattus mexicanus (Peckham &Peckham, 1896). Males have unique "double" embolus - thin, long embolus proper, accompanied by similar looking sclerotized process, being presumably modified conductor. Similar splitting of embolus occurs in Salticidae among YLLENINES, but it has different, "fleshy " appearance. These structures may be more common than it was understood heretofore. Newest photographs of some Australian EUOPHRYINES by R. Whyte show indistinctly displayed double structures, these are also shown on photographs of some South American COLONINES. Special importance has scanning electronic microscope photographs made by Logunov & Marusik 1999c. Arthr. Sel. 8(4): 269, f 22-23 ,of reverse surface of bulbus in Pellenes lapponicus having composite structure of its broad "embolus": hair-like embolus proper covered by fleshy sheath - presumably modified conductor (see (Pellap)). If that tentative interpretation would be confirmed - that would explain evolution of "embolus" in many Salticidae. Epigyne with anterior pocket followed by long groove between two large spots of translucent spermathecae, show clear similarity to all HARMOCHIRINES and. some PELLENINES. Unfortunately American Salticidologist disregarded the most promising diagnostic structures - spermathecae and ducts of epigyne, so for 94 species of Habronattus we known only 2 of these, drawn in 1964 by ... Prószyński (later, knowing on research interest of Griswold I have resigned from my project for him). In a result of neglecting there remains 19 species of "incerte sedis" and the whole division of genus Habronattus is very unconvincing. In this chapter I quote system introduced by Griswold (1987) without further comments.

Wasted classificatory characters of prime importance

Figure .Diagnostic characters of representatives of informal group of genera HABRONATTINES: H - Habronattus elegan, I - Habronattus americanus, J - K - Habronattus tarsalis, L - Habronattus banksi [?] (compare epigyne Fig. U), M - Habronattus americanus, N - Habronattus agilis, O - Habronattus decorus, P - Habronattus dorotheae, Q - Habronattus tranquillus, R - Habronattus viridipes, S - Habronattus amicus, T - Habronattus moratus, U - Habronattus banksi (compare internal structure of epigyne Fig. 20K), V - Habronattus orbus.
SOURCES: H, I, JK - Prószyński pencil drawings; L - Prószyński 2002 Arthropoda Selecta 10(3): 237, f. 54-63; M, P-Q - Griswold 1987 University of California Publications in Entomology, 107: 75-79, f. 27, 41, 111; 154-156, f. 36, 120, 159, 210; 196, f.30, 76, 131, 236; N-O - Kaston 1948 ate geological and natural History Survey of Connecticut 70: 467,f. 1701-1702; 466, f. 1735; R - Paquin, Duperre 2003 Fabreries, Supplement 11: 196, f. 2187-2189; S, U-V - Griswold 1987, University of California Publications in Entomology 107:173, f. 24, 145, 234; 163-165, f. 122, 165, 212; 207, f. 141, 183, 200; T - Gertsch, Mulaik 1936 American Museum Novitates 851: 17, f. 26-27. All ©Copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.
habonat_palps_comp

Figure 21.Examples of color pattern and body shape of representatives of informal group of genera HABRONATTINES: F-G - Habronattus pyrrythrix, H-I - Habronattus coecatus, J - Habronattus hallani, K - Habronattus pugilis, L - Habronattus virgulatus.
SOURCES: F, J, K-L - Photo T. Shahan; H-I - Photo D. Hill. Whyte. All ©Copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Remarks. Placement of the genus Habronattus in its own, separate group of genera HABRONATTINES follows logic of division of the family Salticidae by palp structure, the only other group having large, separate conductor - YLLENINES cannot be closely related. HABRONATTINES resembles other groups of HYLLOIDEA by structure of epigyne, especially PELLENINES, out of which Pellenes (Pellap) lapponicus and Pellenes (Pelpaucus) diagonalis have comparable spermathecae. Unfortunately, for the 94 species of Habronattus spermathecae are known for two species only (both done by Prószyński!). On personal note - searching for next genus for taxonomic revision, after genera Yllenus and Sitticus, the author got interested in Habronattus in 1964, and begun to study it in the collection of the Basel Natural History Museum, with time passing by and learning on C.E. Griswold research interests, the author has resigned from these plans.

Gen. Habronattus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901
Type species Habrocestum mexicanum Peckham & Peckham, 1896 (94 species)
See more species at
Habronattus+M
Habronattus+M

Diagnosis. Relatively uniform, prolific genus, with body size median to very large, apecies recognizable by color pattern which includes noticeable colorful, light reflecting scales on anterior surfaces of chelicerae, and by setae pattern. Palps present unique morphological type characterized by free, thin embolus and resembling it conductor, looking like second, parallel embolus. Length of that "unit of emboli" is variable, in some group of species comparable with length of bulbus, in other much longer, encircling bulbus which is almost circular in these species. External appearance of epigyne differing by shape, length and position of anterior pocket, which is followed by median groove stretching along almost the whole length of epigyne, shape and size of translucent spermathecae diverse. While these details of epigyne seem to be very useful diagnostically, lack of knowledge of spermathecae and ducts hampers identification of some females. Enclosed illustrations are integral part of description. More diagnostic documentation - of ALL recognizable species of HABRONATTINES - see file http://www.peckhamia.com/salticidae/Habronattinae_clas.html.
Remark. Due to incomplete documentation the subdivision of the genus follows that of Griswold (1987) without comments. For 94 species of Habronattus the internal structure of epigyne is known for two species only (Figs 20K, L -drawn by Prószyński in 1960ties), which accounts for the fact that so many females are considered "unrecognizable". Omission of documentation of spermathecae by American Arachnologists resulted in incertitude in identification of Habronattus female from Hawaii (Prószyński, 2002: 237, f 62-63).
Distribution. North and Central America, Hawaii.
Composition. The group of genera contains single genus Habronattus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901 (94 species).

Habronattus (coecatus-group) Griswold, 1987
Representative species Attus coecatus Hentz, 1846 (22 recognizable species)
See more species at Habronattus(coecatus-group)-Q

A A1 A2 A3
Figure - .A - Habronattus (coecatus-group) coecatus, A1 - Habronattus coecatus feeding on blood engorged mosquito, A2 -, same, female, A3 - Habronattus mexicanus.
SOURCE: .A - Kaston 1948: 466, f. 1710, 1731-1732, A1 -. ©Photo D. Hill, A2 -, same, female ©Photo D. Hill. A3 - F. P.-Cambridge 1901. Biol. Centr.-Am., Zool., 1901: 243, table 21 ,f 1e, 6-6a. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Habronattus (agilis-group) Griswold, 1987
Representative species (9 recognizable species)
See more species at
Habronattus(agilis-group)-Q

B B1
img_2_3_habro/
B2 A
Figure - .B - Habronattus (agilis-group) agilis, Habronattus elegans : Proszynski pencil drawing, Habronattus conjunctus, Pellenes politus, B1 - , B2 - Habronattus georgiensis.
SOURCE: .B - Kaston B. J. 1948.. Bull. Conn. St. geol. nat. Hist. Surv. 70: 467, figs 1698-1700, Proszynski pencil drawing, Griswold C.E. 1987. Univ. Calif. Publications, Entomology. 107: 184, f. 22, 142, 233, Peckham & Peckham, 1909: 566, pl. 46, f. 10 , B1 - Griswold 1987. UC Publ.Ent. 107: 189, ff. 58, 73, 231, B2 - ©Photo G.B. Edwards. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Habronattus (americanus-group) Griswold, 1987
Representative species Ephippus americanus Keyserling, 1885 (10 recognizable species)
See more species at Habronattus(americanus-group)-Q

C C1 C2
Habronattus americanus , C1 - Habronattus kubai, C2 - Habronattus tarsalis.
SOURCE: :Proszynski (1964, Inteernet Database), C1 - Griswold 979. J. arachnol. 7: 132, ff. 5-7 , C2 - Griswold 1987. Univ. Calif. Pub. Ent.. 107: 85-88, ff. 43-44,
All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.
C4 C5 C6

Figure - . C4-C5 - Habronattus tarsalis FROM HAWAII : Proszynski, 2002. Arthr. Sel. 2002 10(3): 237, f 54-63,C6 - Habronattus waughi Paquin P., Duperre N. 2003. Fabreries, Suppl. 11: 196, figs 2190-2192.
SOURCE: C4-C5 - Proszynski, 2002. Arthr. Sel. 2002 10(3): 237, f 54-63, C6 - Paquin P., Duperre N. 2003. Fabreries, Suppl. 11: 196, figs 2190-2192.
All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Habronattus (amicus-group) and (decorus-group) Griswold, 1987
Representative species Pellenes amicus Peckham & Peckham, 1909 and
Salticus decorus Blackwall, 1846 (5 + 3 recognizable species) and
See more species at Habronattus(amicus-group)-Q
and Habronattus(decorus-group) -Q

D D1 D2 D3
Figure - . amicus-group: D - Habronattus amicus, decorus-group D1 - Habronattus banksi, D2 - Habronattus cambridgei Proszynski (pencil drawing of "Pellenes cambridgei" in 1964 - Internet Database), D3 - same © Phot G. B. Edwards.
SOURCE: Griswold 1987. Univ. Calif. Pub. Ent.. 107:173, f. 24, 145, 234, D1 - Griswold 1987. UCPubl.Ent. 107: 163-165,ff. 122, 165, 212, D2 - Proszynski (pencil drawing of "Pellenes cambridgei" in 1964 - Internet Database), D3 - © Phot G. B. Edwards. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Habronattus (dorotheae, moratus, pretiosus and tranquillus groups) Griswold, 1987
Representative species Pellenes dorotheae Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936,
Pellenes moratus Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936, Habronattus pretiosus Bryant, 1947
& Pellenes tranquillus Peckham & Peckham, 1901 (3 + 1 + 4 + 3 recognizable species)
See more species at Habronattus(dorotheae-group)-Q and
Habronattus(moratus-group)-Q and
Habronattus(pretiosus-group)-Q
and
Habronattus(tranquillus-group)-Q

E E1 E2 E3
Figure - .dorotheae group: E - Habronattus dorotheae, moratus group: E1 - Habronattus moratus , pretiosus group: E2 - Habronattus pretiosus, tranquillus group: E3 - Habronattus hirsutus (visible remnants of a grid assisting in precise drawing).
SOURCE: Griswold 1987. UCPubl.Ent. 107: 154-156, ff. 36, 120, 159 :Gertsch, Mulaik 1936. Am. Mus. Novit. 851: 17, ff. 26-27 Griswold 1987. Univ. Calif. Pub. Ent.. 107: 168-169, ff. 160, 215 Proszynski (pencil drawing1964, All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Habronattus (viridipes-group) Griswold, 1987
Representative species(12 recognizable species)
See more species at Habronattus(viridipes-group)-Q

F F1 F2 F3
Figure - . F - Habronattus clypeatus : Proszynski (pencil drawing1964), F1 - same, 3rd femur & patella, F2 - Habronattus viridipes.
SOURCE: F - Proszynski (pencil drawing1964) Internet 2003b, F1 - Griswold 1987. UCPubl.Ent. 107: 143, f. 104, F2 - Paquin, Duperre 2003. Fab., Suppl. 11: 196, f 2187-2189. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Habronattus (incertae-sedis ) Griswold, 1987
According to C. Griswold 18 recognizable species cannot be classified by his criteria, however they seem
to be classifiable using palps and, especially, internal structures of epigyne characters.
See his diagnostic drawings at Habronattus(incertae-sedis-group)-Q