Salticidae (Araneae) genera of the world - an atlas
(unfinished manuscript)
by Jerzy Prószyński

Professor Emeritus, Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences,
ul. Wilcza 63, 00-679 Warsaw, POLAND

e-mail: jerzy.proszynski@wp.pl

Chapter 12
PSEUDICIINES

informal group of genera

Version August 24th, 2020.


symbol of the supragroup HYLLOIDA

Composition and searching on this page Afraflacilla Festucula Nepalicius Okinawicius Psenuc Pseudicius Rudakius Spadera Unknown genus.

Main diagnostic characters of the group PSEUDICIINES
A-B - Genitalic characters of Afraflacilla tamaricis, C - habitus of Pseudicius vankeeri, D-J - somatic characters: D-F - Rudakius maureri, G - Afraflacilla reiskindi, H - Afraflacilla philippinensis, I - Psenuc vesporum, J - stridulatory row of subocular setae in Psenuc sp. from Australia.
SOURCE. See on this page, below. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

PSEUDICIINES
informal group of genera

Mutual diagnostic characters of genera. PSEUDICIINES differs from all other groups by lateral subocular row of stridulatory spines (see Figs D-E, J - above) interacting  with a row of  microscopic microsetae on femur I (Fig. F), also by characteristic tibial modification (Fig. F), ducts are usually twisted into complicated coils, armature of scent exuding opening is in a form of prominent duct (Fig. B). Embolus of Hylloidea type (Fig. A), epigyne usually with well developed pair of sclerotized pockets, body flattened and elongated, color pattern characteristic (for that of males see Fig. C, for females scroll screen down).
Remarks. Body appearance and other somatic diagnostics characters of PSEUDICIINES are remarkably uniform and permit to recognize this group of genera at the first glance. However, genitalic characters, better expressing differences subdividing the group into smaller genera, easier to handle, are so strongly diversified that it it almost impossible to find their mutual characters. Promoting large genus Pseudicius s. l. to the higher rank of group PSEUDICIINES facilitates identification of genera and species, without loosing their mutual characters.

Gen. Afraflacilla Berland & Millot, 1941
Type species Afraflacilla bamakoi (30 recognizable species)
informal subdivision of the genus - nominal group A. (bamakoi), see A. (stridulator) group below

See more species at Afraflacilla-Q+M

A - Afraflacilla bamakoi - original drawings, B - same by Zabka, C - Afraflacilla sp. © Photo R. R. Jackson, D - Afraflacilla tamaricis, E - Afraflacilla braunsi, H-K - Afraflacilla epiblemoides male & female, L-M - Afraflacilla sp. from Australia (not A. stridulator)
SOURCE. A - Berland, Millot J. 1941. 12, 2: 329 f 31, B - Zabka M. 1993. Invert. Tax. 7: 280, f 3A-C, C -.A5 - © Photo R. R. Jackson, D-E - Proszynski. 2003a. Ann. zool. 2003: 154, f 614-622 , F - Proszynski 1987. Atlas ...: 52 (male) and G -Proszynski 1989. F. Saudi Ar. 10: 53-54, f 53-55 (female), H-K -
©Photo J. Lissner, L-M - ©Photo R. Whyte. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Afraflacilla (stridulator) group of species (new)
informal subdivision of the genus - see nominal A.(bamakoi) group above
See more species at
Afraflacilla-Q+M

The group consists of A. grayorum Zabka, 1993, A. huntorum Zabka, 1993, A. stridulator Zabka, 1993 and A. yeni Zabka, 1993, all heretofore known from Australia. They differ from nominal group of species by male palps (with long embolus twice encircling bulbus, tibial apophysis originally transverse, turning anterior only at distance from cymbium) and slightly different internal structures of epigyne (with long part of copulatory duct sclerotized, anteriorly located ampulla-like spermathecae and relatively short, strongly sclerotized scent duct, located anteriorly and directed more or less transversally).

A-C - Afraflacilla[?[ stridulator Żabka, 1993 from W Australia male & female,
SOURCE. Żabka, 1993: 291, f. 11A-B, 12A-C. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Festucula Simon, 1901
Type species Festucula vermiformis (9 recognizable species)
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A-C - Festucula vermiformis female, D-F - Festucula festuculaeformis, male and female.
SOURCE. A-B - Proszynski. Ann. zool. 2003a: 63, f. 241-243, C-F - Azarkina & Foord, 2014. African Invertebrates, 55(2): 359, f. 16, 25, 45-60. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Nepalicius Prószyński, 2016
Type species Nepalicius nepalicus (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Nepalicius-Q

A - Nepalicius nepalicus, A-B - Nepalicius koreanus.
SOURCE. A - Proszynski J. 1992a. Ann. zool., 44, 8: 106-107, f 67, [68?], 69-72, B - Bohdanowicz in Bohdanowicz, Proszynski 1987. Ann. zool. 41, 2: 67-71, f 67-73, C - Proszynski in Bohdanowicz, Proszynski 1987. Ann. zool. 41, 2: 67-71, f 67-73. All ęcopyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Okinawicius Prószyński, 2016
Type species Pseudicius okinawaensis (10 recognizable species)
See more species at Okinawicius-Q

A-C - Okinawicius okinawaensis, D - Okinawicius sheherezadae (Prószyński, 1989) and E - Okinawicius sindbadi [male & female - do they match? are conspecific?].
SOURCE. A-C - Proszynski 1992a. Ann. zool., 44, 8: 108, f 98-100, D-E - Proszynski J. 1989. F. Saudi Arabia. 10: 49-50, f 46-47 +b) 51-52, f 50-52, All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Psenuc Prószyński, 2016
Type species Psenuc vesporum (11 recognizable species)
See more species at Psenuc-Q

A-C - Psenuc vesporum: male & female, D-G - Psenuc nuclearis: male & female, H-L - Psenuc sp.
SOURCE. A-G - Proszynski J. 1992a. Ann. zool. 44, 8: 112, f. 88-97; 107-108, f 85-87, H-L - ©Photo R. Whyte. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Pseudicius Simon, 1885
Type species Pseudicius encarpatus (9 recognizable species)
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A-B - Pseudicius encarpatus, C-E - Pseudicius vankeeri.
SOURCE.A-B - Proszynski 1992a. Ann. zool. 44, 8: 102-103, f 104-105, C-E - Proszynski 2003a. Annales zoologici. 2003a: 151-152, f 594, 605-609. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.
P2 - Pseudicius encarpatus, male,and female © ©Photo M. Schäfer https://kleinesganzgross.de/gallery_art.php?ID=46&map=1.
.
All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Rudakius Prószyński, 2016
Type species Menemerus cinctus (8 recognizable species)
See more species at Rudakius-Q

A-B - Rudakius cinctus, B-D - Rudakius maureri, E - Rudakius ludhianaensis (Tikader), F - Rudakius citri (Sadana), G-M - Rudakius ludhianaensis (Caleb).
SOURCE. A - Andreeva, Heciak, Proszynski 1984. Ann. zool. 3, 13: 351-352, f 20, 23, 27, 30, 33, 36, 39, 41, B-D - Proszynski J. 1992a. Annales zoologici, 48, 8: 105-106, f 73-79. E - Tikader 1974b. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., 79: 205, f 1-3, F - Sadana. 1979 [1980] . Entomologist's month. magaz. 115: 229-230, f 1-5,

Caleb, J. T. D., Prajapati, D. A. & Ali, P. A. (2019). Redescription of Rudakius ludhianaensis (Tikader, 1974) (Aranei: Salticidae), with notes on its synonymy and distribution. Arthropoda Selecta 28(3): 417, f. 1-29. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Spadera Peckham, Peckham, 1894
Type species Spadera unica (1 recognizable species)
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A-C - Spadera unica.
SOURCE. A - Prószynski 1987. Atlas ...: 51, B-C - Peckham, Peckham, 1894 : 118, pl. 12, f. 1a-e. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Gen. Unknown genus
Type species (1 recognizable species).

A - Unknown genus from Indonesia: Bali: Alas Kedaton, B - same genus, from Peninsular Malaysia: Genting.
SOURCE. A - © Photo D. Knowles, B - ©Photo F. Murphy. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

COMMENT. Classification uncertain, body shape resembling Pseudicius, tibia I swollen, color pattern does not resemble any spider known to me, palps and epigyne not documented, presence of stridulatory spines under eyes lateral cannot be checked.