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Salticidae (Araneae) genera of the world - an atlas
(unfinished manuscript)
by Jerzy Prószyński
Professor Emeritus, Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences,
ul. Wilcza 63, 00-679 Warsaw, POLAND

e-mail: jerzy.proszynski@wp.pl
 

Chapter 24
EUOPHRYINES
informal group of genera
Version July 11th, 2020


symbol of the supragroup EUOPHRYOIDA

Composition and searching on this page (extant and fossil genera are included): Type genus Euophrys .
Admestina Agobardus Allodecta Amphidraus Anasaitis Antillattus, Araneotanna Aruattus, Asaphobelis, Ascyltus Athamas Barraina Bathippus Bathippus-Parabathippus Belliena, Bindax Bulolia Bythocrotus Canama Caribattus Chalcolemia Chalcoscirtus Chalcotropis Chapoda Charippus Cheliferoides, Chinophrys Chloridusa Cobanus, Colyttus Commoris Compsodecta Corticattus Coryphasia Corythalia Cytaea, Descanso Dinattus Donoessus Echeclus Ecuadattus ,Efate, Emathis, Ergane, Euophrys Euryattus, Featheroides, Foliabitus, Frewena, Gen[Jau_34] Hasarina, Hypoblemum Ilargus Jotus Junxattus, Lagnus, Lakarobius, Laufeia, Lechia Lepidemathis, Leptathamas, Lophostica, Lycidas, Mabellina Maeota Maeotella Magyarus, Maileus, Margaromma, Margaromma_misplaced Mexigonus Microhasarius Mopiopia, Muziris, Naphrys, Nebridia, Neon Neonella Nicylla, Ocnotelus Opisthoncana Orcevia Panysinus Parabathippus Paraharmochirus, Parvattus Pensacola Pensacolops Petemathis Phasmolia Popcornella, Pristobaeus (syn. Palpelius), Prostheclina, Pseudemathis Pseudeuophrys, Pseudosynagelides, Pystira Rhyphelia, Rumburak Saaristattus, Saitidops, Saitis, Saitissus Salpesia, Saphrys, Semnolius, Servaea Sidusa, Sigytes Siloca, Soesilarishius, Spilargis, Stoidis, Talavera, Tanzania, Tarodes, Tatari Thiania, Thianitara Thorelliola Thyenula Tisaniba Truncattus, Tylogonus Udvardya, Variratina, Viribestus,Viroqua, Wallaba Xenocytaea Yimbulunga, Zabkattus, Zenodorus.
.

Exemplary representatives of the group
Euophrys frontalis. A - palps, A - epigyne, C-D - internal structure, B - epigyne, E - male: anterior, lateral and dorsal views, E - female: anterior, lateral and dorsal views.Source: Upper row - © Photo A. Henrard, lower row: © Photo M. Schäfer, from Prószyński, J., Lissner, J. & Schäfer, M. (2018). Ecologica Montenegrina 18: 26-74 . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

INTRODUCTION to and DIVERSITY of EUOPHRYINES
informal GROUP OF GENERA
See more at Euophryinae_clas-0-Q+M

COMMENT: Former subfamily Euophryinae, defined by its very peculiar male palps and containing well over 1000 species, appeared inconvenient to handle because of its size, so I propose to subdivide it, mainly for convenience sake. Morphological structures providing basis for subdivision into groups of genera BALLINES, EUODENINES and EUOPHRYINES can be internal structures of epigyne, sufficiently stable within each group of genera, but simultaneously diversified enough to help in identification of genera and in some cases even species. Usage of spermathecae, ducts and other other details for diagnostic purposes require proper methods of preparation (clearing soft tissues, staining in Chlorazol Black E of not sclerotized parts, mounting in temporary slides, after that storage in microvials with the specimen they have been removed from) examination under compound microscope and proper photographic and drawing documentation. For inexplicable reasons, usage of these methods was boycotted by some researches and, if documentation was produced, results were often falsified by purposeful diagramming, or by poor quality of drawings.

Spermathecae as criterion of tentative subdivision of informal supra group EUOPHRYOIDA into groups of genera.
EUOPHRYINES
: A - Euophrys frontalis, B - Euophrys petrensis, C - Junxuattus daiqini, D-E - Chalcoscirtus infimus[?] from Israel, F - Donoessus kerinci, G - Colyttus bilineatus, H - Thianitara spectrum.
BALLINES : I-J - Ballus chalybeius, K-L - Marengo crassipes, M - Pachyballus oyo, N - Philates grammicus, O - Leikung porosa.
EUODENINES: P - Macaroeris nidicolens, Q - Ashtabula bicristata, R - Omoedus niger, S - Omoedus piceus, T - Synagelides agoriformis.
SOURCES: are shown below main drawings on each of the mentiones pages. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Similarities of informal group of genera DENDRYPHANTINES to EUOPHRYINES are limited to some details of the palpal organ and of internal structure of epigyne but are not obvious, and therefore are only tentative. The same, but to even lesser degree, concerns AEURILLINES.

Gen. Admestina Peckham & Peckham, 1888
Type species Maevia tibialis C. L. Koch, 1846 (3 recognizable species).
See more species at Admestina -Q+M

A-C - Admestina tibialis, D- Admestina sp.
SOURCE. A-B --Paquin P., Duperre N. 2003. Fabreries, Suppl. 11: 193, figs 2151-2153, C - Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43:231–292, f. 70m A3 - Maddison W.P. 1996. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 154 (4): 226, 239, fig. 30, All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Agobardus Keyserling, 1884[1885]
Type species Agobardus anormalis Keyserling, 1885 (14 recognizable species).
See more species at Agobardus-Q+M

ATTENTION: Transfers of 3 species to Agobardus: A. cubanus, A. minutus and A. modesta by Zhang J., Maddison 2015. Zootaxa 3938 (1): 18 not accepted here because of lack of diagnostic documentation.

A- Agobardus anormalis, B-C- Agobardus cf. anormalis montanus, D-E - Agobardus gramineus [is it congeneric?].
SOURCE. :A - Bryant 1943. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 92 (9): 452, plate 1, figs1-4, A4-A7 - Zhang J., Maddison Zootaxa: 2015: 3476: 7-8, f 21–30.and 2012: 3476: 1-54 3938(1): 49, f. 100-105, 710-71 ©• Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.


Gen. Allodecta Bryant, 1950
Type species Allodecta maxillaris Bryant, 1950 (1 recognizable species).
See more species at
Allodecta-Q+M

A-B - Allodecta maxillaris.
SOURCE : A - Bryant 1950. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 103: 167, f. 1, 3, 8, B - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1). © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Amphidraus Simon, 1900
Type species Amphidraus auriga Simon, 1900 (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Amphidraus-Q+M

REMARK. Wholesale merging of genera Nebridia and Amphidraus, proposed by Zhang & Maddison 2015: 22-23 without taxonomic revision, is not acceptable because of insufficient diagnostic documentation available and unresolved diversity of part of species.

A - Amphidraus auriga, B - Scopocira tenella for palp comparison, C-D, H-J - Amphidraus complexus, F-G - Amphidraus argentinensis, I-J - Amphidraus sp. K-L - Amphidraus mysticetus.
SOURCE: A-B - Galiano 1963b: 289-290, t. 4, f 6-7 & 440, pl. XXXVI, f. 10, F-G - Galiano 1997. Physis, Ser. C, 53 (124-125): 33-36, figs 1-11, C-D, H-J - Zhang J., Maddison 2012. Zootaxa 3578: 2-3, f 1–6,© Magnolia Press, ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1). f. 758, 760. © Magnolia Press. K-L - Salgado & Ruiz, 2017. Zootaxa 4312(3): 404, f. 2, 3 A-D. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Anasaitis Bryant, 1950
Type species Prostheclina morgani Peckham & Peckham, 1901 (10 recognizable species).
See more species at Anasaitis-Q+M

ATTENTION: Transfers of 6 species to Anasaitis by Zhang J., Maddison 2015. Zootaxa 3938 (1): 15, not documented by genital drawings, are not accepted here, transfers with inadequate documentation (that is without documentation of palps and epigyne), are placed provisionally, pending complementing in the future.
A - Anasaitis morgani, B-C, I - Anasaitis laxa, E-G - Anasaitis cf. canalis, H - Anasaitis cf. locuples.
SOURCE. A - Peckham & Peckham,1901c. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London., 1901 (2): 13, t 4, f 9-d., A21-A23, B-D - © Zhang J., Maddison 2012. Zootaxa 3476: 19-21, f 80-89 +2015: Zootaxa 3938(1): 15, Figs 15–18 + 660–666. © Magnolia Press.Alll ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Antillattus Bryant, 1943.
Type species Antillattus gracilis Bryant, 1943 (7 recognizable species)
See more species at Antillattus-Q+M

ATTENTION: Transfers of 6 species to Antillattus by Zhang J., Maddison 2015. Zootaxa 3938 (1): 15, without documentation of drawings of palps and epigyne, are not accepted here.
A-C - .Antillattus gracilis, D - Antillattus cambridgei.
SOURCE. A - .Bryant 1943: Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 92 (9): 461, t 2, f 14, 18, 20, B-D - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 16, f 686-687, 688. © Magnolia Press.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Araneotanna Özdikmen & Kury, 2006
Type species Tanna ornatipes Berland, 1938 = Araneotanna ornatipes (Berland, 1938) (1 recognizable species).
See more species at . Araneotanna-Q+M

Araneotanna ornatipes.
SOURCE. Prószyński, Internet. Det. J. A. Beatty. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Aruattus Logunov, Azarkina, 2008
Type species Aruattus agostii Logunov & Azarkina, 2008 (1 recognizable species).
See more species at . Aruattus-Q+M

Aruattus agostii.
SOURCE. Logunov & Azarkina, 2008.Arthropoda Selecta 2008: 112, f. 1-9. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtes

Gen. Asaphobelis Simon, 1902
Type species Asaphobelis physonychus Simon, 1902 (1 recognizable species).
See more species at . Asaphobelis-Q

Asaphobelis physonychus Simon, 1902.
SOURCE. Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 296-298, t. 8, ff. 1-4, and - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 223, f 228-235. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Ascyltus Karsch, 1878
Type species Hyllus pterygodes L. Koch, 1865 = Ascyltus pterygodes (L. Koch, 1865) (6 recognizable species).

See more species at Ascyltus-Q+M

A-C - Ascyltus pterygodes (L. Koch, 1865), D-E - Ascyltus divinus Karsch, 1878, F-I - "Ascyltus" [temporarily!] asper .
SOURCE. A-D - Prószyński in- Berry, Beatty, Prószyński 1997. Journal of Arachnology 25 (2): 112-114, f. 3, 14, 15, 17-20 & 1, 4, 7,9,10, 11, D-E - Żabka 1988b. Annales Zoologici, 41(14): 424-427, ff. 1-9 . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

COMMENT: Palp [straight course of spermophor!] and internal structure of epigyne "Ascyltus" [temporarily!] asper resemble BALLINES, which, however, is not supported by general body appearance. Placement provisional.

Gen. Athamas Pickard-Cambridge O., 1877
Type species Athamas whitmeei O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1877 (8 recognizable species).
See more species at Athamas-Q+M

A-F - Athamas whitmei, B-C - Athamas proszynskii.
SOURCE. A-F - Berry, Beatty,Prószyński 1996: Journal of Arachnology 217, figs 1-17, G-F - Ono 2011. ©Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science Tokyo (A) , 37(4): 190-193, f 17–28. . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
ATTENTION: white spots and dots pattern on cephalothorax and abdomen are yellow in specimens kept in alcohol for a few years only. Color pattern and eyes arrangement comparable with Leptathamas paradoxus.

Gen. Barraina Richardson, 2013
Type species Barraina anfracta Richardson, 2013 (1 recognizable
See more species at . Barraina-Q+M

A-E - Barraina anfracta: palp, epigyne, photographs of epigyne (waxy stoppers blocking windows), palps and lateral view of body.
SOURCE.A-E - Richardson 2013. Zootaxa 3716 (3): 463-466, f 10-17. © 2013 Magnolia Press.All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Bathippus Thorell, 1892
& Gen. "Parabathippus" Zhang & Maddison, 2012
Type species Bathippus macrognathus (Thorell, 1881) and "Parabathippus " shelfordi (Peckham & Peckham, 1907) (18 & 10 recognizable species).
See more species at Bathippus-Q+M & Parabathippus-Q+M

REMARK. Bathippus calls attention by enormously elongate chelicerae, placement of some long-chelicered species in Parabathippus, together with short-chelicered ones, requires rethinking and checking again the most important characters in both genera.
A - Bathippus sp., B - Bathippus macrognathus, C-D - same, by Zhang, Maddison 2015 [male with medium long chelicerae], E-F - Bathippus macrognathus [female], G-I - Bathippus shelfordi (male, female), J-M - Bathippus petrae, N - "Parabathippus" kiabau (male!).
SOURCE. A - ©Earth News, BBC, NH Unit, B - Prószyński 1984c Atlas ... : Atlas ... 10, C-D- Zhang, Maddison 2015, Zootaxa 3938 (1) : 65, f 314–323. © 2015 Magnolia Press., G-H - Żabka M. 1988b. Annales Zoologici, 41 (14): 431-432, ff. 22-28, J-M - Prószyński & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2012: Arthropoda Selecta 21(1): 32, f 1-9, N - Zhang J., Maddison 2012. Zootaxa: 3581: 67, f 61–65. . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Belliena Simon, 1902
Type species Belliena biocellosa Simon, 1902 (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Belliena -Q+M

A - Belliena biocellosa, B-E - Belliena ecuadorica.
SOURCE. A - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 308-309, t. 11, ff. 3-6, B-E - Zhang J., Maddison 2012.Zhang J., Maddison 2012 Zootaxa 3578: 4, f 7–13. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Bindax Thorell, 1892
Type species Bindax chalcocephalus (Thorell, 1877) (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Bindax-Q+M

A - Bindax chalcocephalus, B-E - Bindax chalcocephalus (male & female SE .Sulawesi, Sampara,: 40km W.of Kendari, secondary forest, 12 August 1980) F - "Bindax"[?] oscitans: Prószyński 1987. Atlas ...: 25, G-H -"Bindax"[?] oscitans (new female, det. by J. A. Bearrydet. J. A. Beatty, drawn by drawn by Prószyński 2003b Internet (for J.A. Beatty).
SOURCE. A, F - Prószyński 1984c Atlas ... . Atlas ...: 15, 25, B-E - ©Photo C.L.Deeleman, .G-H - Prószyński 2003b Internet (for J.A. Beatty). . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
COMMENT: Epigyne of new female of "Bindax"[?] oscitans [?] from Guadalcanal (det. J. A. Beatty) differs so strongly from the type species of the genus Bindax - Bindax chalcocephalus from Sulawesi that it cannot be congeneric. Pending further research.

Gen. Bulolia Żabka, 1996
Type species Bulolia ocellata Zabka, 1996 (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Bulolia-Q+M

A-B - Bulolia ocellata, C-E -Bulolia excentrica (D - male, F - female), F-H - Bulolia cf. excentrica.
SOURCE. A-B - Żabka 1996. Rev. Suis. Zool., vol. hors serie: 702-704, figs 1-3, 9-10, C-E - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 27, f 356-363, 818-819. © Magnolia Press, F-H - ©Photo T. Szuts 2003. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Bythocrotus Simon, 1903
Type species Mogrus cephalotes Simon, 1888b: 204 (immature) =? Bythocrotus cephalotes (Simon, 1888) (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Bythocrotus-Q+M

A - Bythocrotus cephalotes, B-E- Bythocrotus crypticus.
SOURCE. A- Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 316, t. 11, ff. 9-10, B-E -Zhang J., Maddison, 2012Zootaxa 3476: 23-25, f 101–113. ©Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Canama Simon, 1903
Type species Salticus forceps Doleschall, 1859 = Canama forceps (Doleschall, 1859) (5 recognizable species).
See more species at Canama-Q+M

A-B - Canama forceps, C - Canama dorcas, D - comparison of chelicerae of Canama dorcas (doted) superimposed on C. hinnulea, E - Canama hinnulea, F-I - "Canama" [?] extranea (female seems to be mismatched?), J-L - "Canama" triramosa.
SOURCE.A - ©photo Maddison in Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 25, f 324-329, 794. © Magnolia Press, B-E - Prószyński 1984: Atlas ... 5 ,9, E - Davies Todd., Żabka 1989. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 27 (2): 225, t. 29.
F-L - Zhang J., Maddison 2012b: Zootaxa 3491: 13, 18-20, f 48–61 f 77–90. ©Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Caribattus Bryant, 1950
Type species Saitis inutilis Peckham & Peckham, 1901 (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Caribattus-Q+M

Caribattus inutilis.
SOURCE. C10 - Peckham & Peckham, 1901 Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London., 1901 (2): 10, T. 3 F. 4 . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Chalcolemia Zhang, Maddison, 2012
Type species Chalcolemia nakanai Zhang & Maddison, 2012 (5 recognizable species).
See more species at Chalcolemia-Q+M

Chalcolemia nakanai.
SOURCE.Zhang, Maddison, 2012b: Zootaxa 3491: 20, f 91-95. C 2012 . Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Chalcoscirtus Bertkau, 1880
Type species Callietherus infimus Simon, 1868 (34 recognizable species).
See more species at Chalcoscirtus-Q+M

A-B - Chalcoscirtus infimus (from France), C-D - Chalcoscirtus infimus - ©Photo J. Lissner, E - Chalcoscirtus sublestus Tenerife: Las Cañadas, F-I - Chalcoscirtus infimus [?] (from Israel), J - Chalcoscirtus infimus [?], K-L - Chalcoscirtus catherinae.
SOURCE. A-B - Prószyński 1976: figs 356-358 ), F-I, K-L - Prószyński 2003a. Annales Zoologici: 44-45, figs 136-137, 142-144, C-E - ©Photo J. Lissner, J - Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 29, f 458-462 [ID?]. © Magnolia Press,. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Chalcotropis Simon, 1902
Type species Chalcotropis acutefrenata Simon, 1902 (10 recognizable species).
See more species at Chalcotropis-Q+M

A-B - Chalcotropis acutefrenata (Java: Palembang), C - same, D-E - Chalcotropis pennata. F - Chalcotropis praeclara , G-H - "Chalcotropis" insularis [misplaced!], I - Chalcotropis sp. (Luzon).
SOURCE. A-B, D-E - Prószyński 1984c Atlas ... : 18, C - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 32, f 597-601. © Magnolia Press, F - Prószyński 1984c Atlas ... : 18, G-H - Prószyński, 2009b: 159, f. 26-27, I - © Photo Jackson. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Chapoda Peckham, Peckham, 1896
Type species Chapoda festiva Peckham & Peckham, 1896 (7 recognizable species).
See more species at Chapoda-Q+M

A - Chapoda festiva, B-D - Chapoda gitae.
SOURCE. A - Peckham & Peckham, 1896, B-D - Zhang J., Maddison 2012. Zootaxa 3578: 8, f 25–30, 128–131. ©Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Charippus Thorell, 1895
Type species Charippus errans Thorell, 1895. (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Charippus-Q+M

A - Charippus errans (Oates specimen from Rangoon), B - same species by Wanless.
SOURCE. A -Prószyński 1984c Atlas ... : 17 (Oates specimen from Rangoon), B - Wanless 1988. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 15: 162, ff. 40A-H.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Cheliferoides F.P.-Cambridge, 1901
Type species Cheliferoides segmentatus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901 (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Cheliferoides-Q+M

A - Cheliferoides segmentatus, B - Cheliferoides longimanus[?].
SOURCE. C44 - F. P.-Cambridge 1901: 254, t 22, f 12, C45 - ©Photo M. Quinn, det. W. P. Maddison,.from Wikimedia. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy..

Gen. Chinophrys Zhang J., Maddison, 2012
Type species Chinophrys pengi Zhang & Maddison, 2012 (3 recognizable species).
See more species at Chinophrys-Q+M

/tr>
A-C - Chinophrys pengi, D-F - Chinophrys mengyangensi.
SOURCE. A-C - Zhang & Maddison, 2012. Zootaxa 3581: 3581: 54-56, f 1-9, D-F - Cao, Li & Żabka, 2016. ZooKeys 630: 65-68, f. 15–16, 43. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
SOURCE. Cao, Li & Żabka, 2016. ZooKeys 630: 65-68, f. 15–16, 43 All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Chloridusa Simon, 1902
Type species Chloridusa viridiaurea (Simon, 1902) .(1 recognizable species).
See more species at Chloridusa-Q

A -Chloridusa viridiaurea, B-D - Chloridusa sp., E - for comparison - Sidusa gratiosa, type species.
SOURCE. A - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 326-327, t. 15, ff. 1-3, B-D - ©Photo T. Gasnierm, E - Peckham et Peckham 1895Occ. Pap. Nat. Hist. Soc. Wisc., 2 (3): 175, t 16, f 10. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

COMMENT. There is similarity of palps between of Chloridusa viridiaurea and Sidusa gratiosa, type species of their respective genera. but it is not certain whether sufficient to consider both species as congeners. WSC lists at present 31 species of Sidusa, majority of them insufficiently known, devoid even diagnostic drawings. In this situation I would delay synonymization of these genera until full taxonomic revision. Note that Galiano consequently listed Chloridusa viridiaurea as separate genus.

Gen. Cobanus Pickard-Cambridge F., 1900
Type species Cobanus extensus (14 recognizable species)
See more species at Cobanus-Q

A - Type species of the genus - Cobanus extensus by Peckhams 1896, B-C - same, by F. P.-Cambridge 1900, D-F - an uncertain species by Zhang & Maddison, 2015. G-H - Cobanus mandibularis, I - Cobanus subfuscus, J-K - Cobanus scintillans.
SOUCE: A - Peckhams 1896. Occ. Pap. Nat. Hist. Soc. Wisc., 7: 30 t 2, f 2, B-C - F. P.-Cambridge 1900: 190, pl. 13, f. 20-21, D- F - Zhang & Maddison, 2015: 19, f. 149-155, G - Peckham 1896: 8, 31 T. 2 F. 3, H-I - F. P.-Cambridge 1900: 180-183, t. 13, figs 1-2; 191 T. 14 fig 4, J-K - Crane J. 1943. Zoologica, 28 (3,16): 131 figs 2G-M. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

COMMENT: Since 9 of 14 species of Cobanus* have strongly elongated chelicerae in males, while type species of Sidusa have them not elongated, I assume that this character separates both genera, in difference to palps, similar in all EUOPHRYINES and not permitting to separate clearly genera, internal structures of epigyne were not reliably studied for genera in question and there are no color photographs for majority of species. I reject Zhang & Maddison statement in the Diagnosis to the genus Sidusa that "Some species have elongate chelicerae in males" as diagnostically meaningless. NB. World Spider Catalog (ver. 19.5, accessed on December 10th, 2018) does not list taxonomic research of Maddison and Zhang on any species of Sidusa or Cobanus, therefore I assume that their personal research experience on these spiders is nil.
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*FOOTNOTE. The 31 species enclosed at present into genus Sidusa are very poorly known, the majority of them was newer mentioned after original descriptions, published at the end of XIXth or beginning of XXth century, their diagnostic documentation is incomplete and imprecise, the establishing phylogeny on such material, without prior taxonomic revision is questionable. As far as that documentation permits, the males of some species have long chelicerae, strikingly different from short chelicered species, to which type species belongs. The following long chelicered species of "Sidusa" have no documented mutual characters with type species of the genus Sidusa and should, therefore, be returned to the genus Cobanus, pending further research: Sidusa bifurcata (Chickering, 1946), Sidusa cambridgei (Chickering, 1946) ,Sidusa electa (Chickering, 1946), Sidusa electa (Chickering, 1946), Sidusa scintillans (Crane, 1943) , Sidusa subfusca (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1900), Sidusa unicolor (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1900). The documentation of short chelicered Sidusa species is accessible at Sidusa-Q+M, that of long chelicered species (Cobanus) at Cobanus-Q.

Gen. Colyttus Thorell, 1891
Type species Colyttus bilineatus (2 + ? recognizable species).
See more species at Colyttus-Q+M

A-D Colyttus bilineatus, F-G - Colyttus robustus, H-I - Colyttus [?] lehtineni.
Source: A-B - Prószyński J. 1987. Atlas ...: 17, B-E - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 524-530, 884-885. © Magnolia Press, G-H - Zhang & Maddison, 2012. Zootaxa. 3581: 56, f 11-–12, 106, I - Żabka M. 1985. Annales Zoologici 39, 11: 212-213, ff. 97-105, J - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): f 531-537. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Commoris Simon, 1902
Type species Commoris enoplognatha (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Commoris-Q+M

A - Commoris enoplognatha Petrunkevitch 1914, B - same, by Galiano, C- Commoris minor.
SOURCE: A - Petrunkevitch 1914b. 22: 329, pl. XII.f. 1-3, B - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 329-330, t. 15, f 4-6, C - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 330-331, t. 15, ff. 7-9. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Compsodecta Simon, 1903
Type species Compsodecta grisea (7 recognizable species).
See more species at Compsodecta-Q+M

A-B -Compsodecta grisea, C-F - Compsodecta peckhami.
SOURCE: A - Peckhams 1901c. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.,: 8, f 2-e, B-F - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 18. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
ATTENTION. Species included into genus Compsodecta are so poorly known that no sure identification is possible, rudimentary knowledge of internal structure of epigyne Compsodecta peckhami seem to not support its congeneric status with type species of that genus.

Gen. Corticattus Zhang J.& Maddison, 2012
Type species Corticattus latus (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Corticattus-Q+M

A-C - Corticattus guajataca, D-E - Corticattus latus.
Source: A-E - Zhang J., Maddison. Zootaxa 3476: 29-30, f 126–138. © 2012 • Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Coryphasia Simon, 1902
Type species Coryphasia albibarbis (10 recognizable species).
See more species at Coryphasia-Q+M

REMARK. World Spider Catalog (ver.20.0) includes 6 not congeneric species of Siloca in spite of rejection of that by Prószyński 2017b: because "but Siloca not revalidated" [?].

A - Coryphasia albibarbis by Galiano, type species of the genus, B - Coryphasia albibarbis by Zhang & Maddison. Compared with two species of Siloca - C - Siloca sanguiniceps (type species of Siloca) and D - S. campestrata, as well as with E - Asaphobelis physonychus (type species of Asaphobelis), claimed by Zhang & Maddison, 2015: Zootaxa 3938(1): 23 to be congeneric with Coryphasia
CONCLUSION: differences in genitalic characters are to big to support synonymy of these three genera (see also genera Asaphobelis and Siloca o this page)..
SOURCE: A, C-E - Galiano, 1963a: 298, pl. VIII, f. 1-4, B - Zhang & Maddison, 2015: Zootaxa 3938(1): 23, f. 221-227. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Corythalia C. L. Koch, 1850
Type species Corythalia latipes [species inquirenda] (3 + 59 recognizable species).
See more species at Corythalia-Q+M

REMARKS. One of largest South American genera containing, according to the WSC census, 69 nominal species, with type species believed lost. Available documentation was made mainly in XIX and first half of the XXth century, and consists mainly with imprecise drawings of palps and only a few, unreliable drawings od internal structures of epigyne, also very few identified photograph. In this special circumstances I decided to base working definition on Corythalia spiralis having realistic drawings of internal structure of epigyne, confirmed by the o photographs. Actually better representative specie of the genus would be two (out of three) species documented recently by Zhang & Maddison 2015, but they have destroyed that possibility by diagramming internal structure of epigyne, which cannot be therefore understood.
A-C - Corythalia spiralis, D, G - Corythalia spiralis-cf : Brazil: Amazonas, Manaus, Mini-Campus [tgeg24], E-F - Corythalia pulchra, H - Corythalia broccai, I - Corythalia coronai, J - Corythalia bromelicola. K - "Icius diminut" - epigyne of holotype, coll. MCZ-Harvard, L-M - "Euophrys" diminuta male and female from Long Island, det B. Cutler, coll. AMNH, N - "Euophrys" diminuta - - i Enigmatic speecies "diminutus" most probably deserving placement in a new genus of its own, in literature misplaced variously in genera Chalcoscirtus, Corythalia, Euophrys, Icius, misinterpreted by Edwards, 2003a: 71 112. as relative of Chalcoscirtus tanyae (from Russia: Primore (=Maritime Province) (O).
Source: A-B - F. P.-Cambridge 1901: plate 17, figs 14, C - Chickering 1946: figs 143-144, D - Brazil: Amazonas, Manaus, Mini-Campus [tgeg24], E-F - Chickering, 1946: figs 137-138, G - Brazil: Amazonas, Manaus, Mini-Campus [tgeg24]. ©Photo Gasnier & Azevedo, H-J - Zhang J., Maddison. Zootaxa 3476: 30-32, f 139–151; 32-35, f 152–164; 36-37, f 165–177. © 2012 • Magnolia Press, K-M - J. Prószyński 1990p - Internet, N - Edwards, 2003a: 71 112 - and O - Logunov, Marusik, 1999b: 23-24, figs 1-4. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy..

DISCUSSION of the "diminutus" case: Placement of "diminutus" in Corythalia (by Gertsch & Mulaik, 1936a: 14, f. 32, Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 195, f. 211-212 has no rational justification, in "Euophrys"Prószyński in Internet 1995-2016 as temporary placement, by Prószyński, 2018: 96 as temporary usage of latest combination used by Petrunkevitch, 1911: 647, Kaston, 1948: 456, f. 1659, Edwards, 1980: 11) pending description as a new genus, in Chalcoscirtus (Edwards, 2003a: 71 - particularly misleading combination based on external appearance - black, light reflecting color and minute size - criteria acceptable during the first half of the XIXth century, disregarding other criteria, especially palp and internal epigyne structure).

Gen. Cytaea Keyserling, 1882
Type species Cytaea alburna (35 recognizable species)..
See more species at
Cytaea-Q+M

A-F Cytaea alburna,( A - syntypes, E-F - Cytaea alburna: Queensland: Glenmorgan, Myall Park Botanic Gardens, 21 -22 Jan 2012, G-H - Cytaea severa, male & female, I-L - Cytaea carolinensis. A - M-N -Cytaea oreophila (holotype ? from Java), O - Cytaea argentosa, P - Cytaea laticeps, Q - Cytaea whytei, R - Cytaea nausori, S- Cytaea piscula[?], T - Cytaea koronivia, U - Cytaea vitiensis, V-W - Cytaea ponapensis.
Source: A, M, O-W - Prószyński. 1984c. Atlas ... 28-30, B-D Davies Todd, Żabka 1989. Mem. Queens. Mus. 27 (2): 220, 226, t. 30, E-F - .© Photo R. Whyte. 2012, I-L - Berry, Beatty, Prószyński 1998. Journal of Arachnology. 26(2): 152-154, figs 5-12, N - ©Photo B.Patoleta, P - Prószyński, Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010. Arthropoda selecta, 19(3): 162, f 47-53, R-S, U - Berry, Beatty, Prószyński 1998. J. Arachnology. 26(2): 1998: 154-161, f. 13-35, V-W det. Beatty, drawn by Prószyński 1998. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
REMARK. Confrontation of photographs of Cytaea alburna with Cytaea severa by Whyte & Anderson (2017: 243-246) refutes undocumented claim of Żabka (1991: 25) on synonymy of these species. Due to diversity of internal structures of epigyne in Cytaea some species should be transferred to other genera.

Gen. Descanso Peckham & Peckham, 1892
Type species Descanso vagus.(10 recognizable species).
See more species at Descanso-Q+M

A - Descanso vagus, B-C - Descanso ventrosus, D-H - Descanso peregrinus.
SOURCE: A - Peckhams 1892. 2 (1): 1-83, pl. I-VII. : 72 T. 5 F. 9, B-C - Galiano 1986. Physis C.44 (107): 134,136; ff. 14-19, D-E - Chickering 1946. 97: 435 f. 399-403, F-H -Galvis & Muñoz-Charry, 2016: 2, f. 1-13.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Dinattus Bryant, 1943
Type species Dinattus heros (3 recognizable species).
See more species at Dinattus-Q

Transfer to the genus Corythalia - by Zhang & Maddison (2015: 15) not accepted (strange lateral flaps on cephalothorax, unclear similarity of palps, absence of any revisionary data), the WSC (ver.19,5) rejects corrrection because "... Dinattus not revalidated".

A-C - Dinattus heros.The same doubts cocerns species: Dinattus erebus and Dinattus minor.
Source: Bryant 1943. 92 (9): 482, T. 4, F. 39; T. 5. F. 47, 50, 54.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Donoessus Simon, 1902
Type species (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Donoessus-Q

Merging of Donoessus with Colyttus, proposed by Zhang J., Maddison (2015: 31) not accepted because absence of any revisionary data, difference in color pattern, epigyne and spermathecae. Note nonsensical rejection of this correction by the WSC (ver.19.5) because "... Donoessus not revalidated".
A-B, J-K - Donoessus nigriceps, C-F - Donoessus kerinci, G-I, L-N - Donoessus striatus.
Source: A-B - Prószyński 1984c Atlas ... : 36, C-E - Prós., Deel., 2012 Arthr.selec. 21(1): 32-33, f 10-14, 18-19, J-K - ©Photo P. Koomen, L-N- ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 31, f 538-544, 648, 886-887, N - Żabka 1988b. Annales Zoologici, 41 (14): 451-454, ff. 84. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Echeclus Thorell, 1890
Type species Echeclus concinnus (2 recognizable species).
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A - Echeclus concinnus, B-E - Echeclus sokoli.
Source:. A - Prószyński 1984c. Atlas ...: 36, B-E - Prószynski, Deeleman-Reinhold, 2013. Sarawak. ©Arthr selecta. 22: 124, f. 25-31. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Ecuadattus Zhang & Maddison, 2012
Type species Ecuadattus typicus.(4 recognizable species).
See more species at Ecuadattus-Q+M

A-C - Ecuadattus typicus.
Source: A-C - Zhang J., Maddison 2012. Zootaxa 3578: 13, f 45–52, 136–141. ©Magnolia Press.All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Efate Berland, 1938
Type species Efate albobicinctus (3 recognizable species).
See more species at Efate-Q+M

A-D - Efate albobicinctus.
Source: A-D - Berry J.W., J.A. Beatty, Prószyński J. 1996. J. Arachnology. 24(3): 223-225, figs 29-35. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
ATTENTION: Efate raptor Berry, Beatty & Prószyński, 1996: 227, f. 40-46 is most probably MISPLACED.

Gen. Emathis Simon, 1899
Type species Emathis weyersi (5 recognizable species).
See more species at Emathis-Q+M

A-E - Emathis weyersi, F-I - Emathis sumatranus, J - Emathis makilingensis (holotype), K-P -Emathis gombak [MISPLACED].
Source: A-C - Prószyński 1984c. Atlas ...: 374, D-E - © Photo C P. Koomen. F-J - Prószynski, Deeleman-Reinhold 2012: Arthropoda Selecta 21(1): 35-36, f 23-33, K-P - .Zhang, Maddison 2012. Zootaxa: 3581: 57, f 13–18, 102–103. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Ergane Koch L., 1881
Type species Ergane cognata (5 recognizable species).
See more species at Ergane-Q+M

Figure - XXe7 . A - Ergane cognata, B-F - Ergane carinata.
Source: A - Davies, Zabka 1989. 27 (2): 214, t. 24, B-F - Berry, Beatty, Prószyński 1996. J. Arachnology. 24(3): 228-228, figs 47-53. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Euochin Prószyński, 2018
Type species Euochin atrata (4 recognizable species)
in: Prószyński, J., Lissner, J. & Schäfer, M. (2018). Ecologica Montenegrina 18: 55, f. 3U-W, 19A-D, 20A.

A-F - Euochin atrata, G-H - Euochin bulbus.
Source: Zha, Jin & Zhang, 2014: Zootaxa 3779(3): 369, f. 1-11 & 371, f. 12-22 ©Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Euophrys Koch C.L., 1834
Type species Euophrys frontalis (63 recognizable species).
See more species at Euophrys-Q+M
euoph_fron_ph

A-F - "Corner stone" set of diagnostic characters of Salticidae spiders, here shown in Euophrys frontalis. A - palps should be shown at least in two position (a character of rather "subfamilial" rank, relatively uniform within large groups of genera), B - epigyne (an accessory diagnostic character in some genera, of limited value), C-D - internal structure of epigyne (excellent chatacter, gradually diversified from species to species within a genus, indicator of relationships between genera - examination require mounting in a temporary slides after clearing soft tissues and staining softer parts, like ducts, in Chlorazol Black E), E-F - habitus of live specimen: anterior, lateral and dorsal views.
G-O - Diversity of male frontal color pattern (excellent species level character in some genera, only live specimens or their color photographs, usage as a model for identification require preliminary confirmation with genitalic characters): G - E. herbigrada, H - E. sulfurea, I - E. innotata, J - E. pseudogambosa, K - E. petrensis, L - E. terrestris, M - E. nigripalpis, N - E. rufibarbis, O - E. canariensis.
P-W- Diversity of male palp in Euophrys (a subfamily level character, of limited utility below the genus level): P - Euophrys alticila , Q - E. innotata, R - E. nigripalpis, S - Euophrys herbigrada, T - E. rufibarbis, U - E. sulfurea, V - E. terrestris, W - E. petrensis.
X-ZZ - Diversity of internal structure of epigyne in Euophrys, cleared and stained, displayed in a trmporary slide, the most reliable cornestone diagnostic character of female Euophrys, X - E. petrensis, Y - E. frontalis, Z - E. sulphurea, ZX - E. herbigrada, ZY - E. rufibarbis, ZZ - E. terrestris.
Source: .A-D - © Photo A. Henrard, E-F - © Photo M. Schäfer, in Prószyński, J., Lissner, J. & Schäfer, M. (2018). Ecologica Montenegrina 18: 26-74, numerous drawings -Prószyński 1995-2016 (nternet, W-X - Logunov, Kronestedt 2003. J. Natural History, 2003, 37: 1144-1148, f 147-148.
Source: © Photo M. Schäfer, R - © Photo Amir Weinstein/ All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Euryattus Thorell, 1881
Type species Euryattus porcellus (12 recognizable species).
See more species at Euryattus-Q+M

A-B - Euryattus porcellus, C-D - Euryattus bleekeri, E - Euryattus curtus [conspecific E. bleekeri ??] [Type Plotius curtus],. F-I -Euophrys bleekeri , male & female, J- Cocoon in a retreat in a leaf, rolled up. © Photo: R. Whyte, K-N - Euryattus koomeni.
Source: A-B - Prószynski 1984c: 45. C-D - Prószynski 1984c: 44, E - Prószynski J. 1987: 78, 107, F-J - © Photo: R. Whyte, K-N - Prószyński, Deeleman-Reinhold, 2013 ©Arthr selecta. 22(2): 128-131, f 56-69. ©Photo P. Koomen. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Featheroides Peng, Ying, Kim 1994
Type species Featheroides typica (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Featheroides-Q+M

A-B - Featheroides typica, C-D - Featheroides yunnanensis.
Source: A-B - Peng, Ying, Kim 1994: 2-3, f 1-3, C-D -Peng, Ying, Kim 1994:) 3-4, figs 4-6.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Foliabitus Zhang J., Maddison, 2012
Type species Foliabitus longzhou (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Foliabitus-Q+M

A-D - Foliabitus longzhou, E-F - Foliabitus scutigerus.
Source: A-D - Zhang J, Maddison 2012. Zootaxa: 3581: 3581: 60. f 19-27, E-F - Zabka 1985. Annales zoologici, 39, 11: 235, ff. 255-258. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Frewena Richardson, 2013
Type species Frewena maculata (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Frewena-Q+M

A-D - Frewena maculata.
Source: A-D - Richardson 2013. Zootaxa 3716 (3): 466-467, f 10, 18-24.. © 2013 Magnolia Press. . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Informal presentation of a good photographic documentation
Gen[Jau_34] Gasnier, 0
Representative species Gen[Jau 34] sp. [tged34] (1 recognizable species) Gen [Jau 34]

Gen[Jau 34] sp [tged34]: Brasil: Amazonas: Parque Nac. do Jau. ©Photo Gasnier & Azevedo. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Hasarina Schenkel, 1963
Type species Hasarina contortospinosa (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Hasarina-Q+M

World Spider Catalog (v. 19.5) "if Hasarina contortospinosa would be transferred to Nigorella, Hasarina would become the valid generic name for Nigorella" - decision delayed pending further research.
A-C - Hasarina contortospinosa, B-C - same, D-E -for comparison - type species Nigorella aethiopica.
Source: . A-C - Wesolowska 1981b: 132-133, f 10-13, B-C - same, Peng, Xie, Xiao 1993: 44, 83-84, f 254-263, D-E -Wesolowska, Tomasiewicz, 2008 Journal of Afrotropical Zoology, 4: 36-37, 130-143. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Hypoblemum Peckham, Peckham, 1886
Type species(4 recognizable species).
See more species at Hypoblemum-Q+M

A-C - Hypoblemum villosum [?], D-F - Hypoblemum albovittatum, G-H - Hypoblemum sp., I - Hypoblemum parvulum.
Source: A-C - ©Photo: R.Whyte, D-F - ©Photo R. Whyte, G-H - Davies Todd, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queensland Mus., Brisbane, 27 (2): 240, t. 42, I - ©PhotoR. R. Jackson. . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Iberattus Prószyński, 2018
Type species Attus semi-glabratus Simon, 1868.
New source: Prószyński, J., Noordam, A., Oger, P. & Schäfer, M. 2018: 85, f. 1A-T.8).

A-S - Iberattus semiglabratus.
Source: in: Prószyński, J., Noordam, A., Oger, P. & Schäfer, M. (2018) .Lecigne, 2017: 34, f. 10G-I. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
REMARK. "Saitis" imitatus in Prószyński, J., Noordam, A., Oger, P. & Schäfer, M. (85, f. 1A-T) resembles Iberattus by structure of spermathecae, consisting of three chambers and lack of typical characters of Saitis. It is pending further research. For more data see: "Saitis" imitatus (below).

Genus pending classification = temporarily quoted as
"Saitis" imitatus (Simon, 1868)

see Prószynski, J., Noordam, A., Oger, P. & Schäfer, M. (2018:88, f. 2A-N )

REMARK: S European species known from Croatia and Montenegro, resembling Iberattus semiglabratus by spermatheca divided into three chambers (poorly visible on photograph below), by appearance of palp and somewhat by type of general appearance. Pending further research.

A-H - "Saitis" imitatus male & female.
SOURCE: A - Prószyński 1984c. Atlas ...: 41, B-D - ©Photo P. Oger, E-I - ©Photo Schäfer. A-I -All copied from: Prószyński, J., Noordam, A., Oger, P. & Schäfer, M. (2018:88, f. 2A-N ). All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
COMMENT. "Saitis" imitatus- resembles Iberattus by structure of spermathecae, consisting of three chambers and lack of typical characters of Saitis. Pending further research - see Prószyński, J., Noordam, A., Oger, P. & Schäfer, M. (2018:88, f. 2A-N ).

Gen. Ilargus Simon, 1901
Type species Ilargus coccineus (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Ilargus-Q+M

A - lIargus coccineus, B-E - Ilargus pilleolus.
Source: I - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 25, f 289-295, I1-I4 - Zhang J., Maddison 2012. Zootaxa 3578: 20-21, f 75–83, 142–143 & 3938 (1): 25, f 650, 781. ©Magnolia Press. . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Jotus Koch L., 1881
Type species Jotus auripes ? (? recognizable species).

See more species at Jotus-Q+M

REMARK. Genera Jotus, Hypoblemum, Lycidas, Maratus require taxonomic revision of ALL species.

A-B - "Jotus" remus.
Source: Otto & Hill, 2016a Peckhamia: 133.1: 7, f. 8-34. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

ATTENTION: see fascinating "peek-a-boo" courtship behavior of "Jotus" remus on Jürgen Otto's videos at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=35U2esy9pmI. See also Maratus splendens courtship dance: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1355RCne5w0.

Gen. Junxattus Prószyński, Deeleman-Reinhold, 2012
Type species Junxattus daiqini (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Junxattus -Q

A, C - Junxattus daiqini by Prószyński, , B, D - supposedly same species [?] misclassified as "Laufeia"by Zhang and Maddidon - note impermissibly diagrammed drawing of epigyne, making it valueless. Note also imprecise and misleading details in the drawing of palp Fig. D .
Source: A, C - Prószyński, Deeleman-Reinhold, 2012. Arthr. select. 21(1): 40-41, f 66-70, B, D - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 30, f 510-516. 871-871. © Magnolia Press . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Lagnus Koch L., 1879
Type species Lagnus longimanus (3 recognizable species).
See more species at Lagnus-Q+M

A - Lagnus longimanus, B-C - Lagnus edwardsi, D - Lagnus monteithorum.
ATTENTION: epigyne internal structures in Lagnus edwardsi and L. monteithorum incompatible - presumably not congeneric.
Source: . A - Wanless 1988. NZeal.j.zool.15: 160, f 39a-i, B-C - Zhang J., Maddison 2012. Zootaxa: 3581: 60-62, f 28-33, D -Patoleta 2008. ©Genus 19(4): 718-720, f. 1-8.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Lakarobius Berry, Beatty & Prószyński, 1998
Type species Lakarobius alboniger (1 recognizable species).

A-C - Lakarobius alboniger.
Source: A-C Berry, Beatty, Prószyński 1998. Journal of Arachnology 25(2): 162-164, figs 36-43. . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Laufeia Simon, 1889
Type species Laufeia aenea (1 + 4? recognizable species).
See more species at Laufeia-Q+M

TRUE Laufeia aenea: A-B by Prószyński , C-D - same, by Zhang J. & Maddison (note minor differences, due to drawing technique). COMMENT: A - internal structure of epigyne was not studied by subsequent authors to protect the single female specimen known.
MISPLACED females of "Laufeia" (males uncertain, at best): E-F -"Laufeia" concava, G-H - "Laufeia" eximia, I - "Laufeia" aerihirta.

Source: A-B - Prószyński 1984c: 73-74, 76, C-D - Zhang J. & Maddison, 2015: 30, f. 504-507, 509, A-B - Zhang J., Maddison 2012. Zootaxa: 3581: 62-64, f 34–42, 43–52, 104–105, E - Bryant, 1935d: 89, pl. 12, f. 22. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Lechia Zabka, 1985
Type species Lechia squamata (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Lechia-Q+M

. A - Lechia minuta by Prószyński, B - Lechia squamata by Zabka (the type species), C- female [?] identified as "Laufeia" squamata , D - male matched with female C and identified as "Laufeia" squamata without any proof, apparently because preserved in the same collection (one male and two females, collected within the space of fifteen days, labeled from the same [?] locality) since no male is known in the genus, there is no possibility to verify matching of sexes.
Source: A -Prószyński, 2017b: 75, f. 32L, B - Zabka, 1985: 236, f. 259-262, Logunov & Jäger (2015: 355, f. 33-39). All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Lepidemathis (Simon, 1899)
Type species Lepidemathis sericea (6 recognizable species).
See more species at Lepidemathis-Q+M

A-B - Lepidemathis sericea (11385 Ematholepis sericea ES. Manila - coll. Simon,), C-D -- Lepidemathis sp. Sabah: Danum Valey.
E-F - Lepidemathis luisae, G-I - Lepidemathis sp. undescribed from Philipines: Samar (photographs received from ©M. Freudenschuss with unpublished name, subsequent publication by Freudenschuss& Seiter, M. (2016) does not mention this species).

Source: : A-B - Prószyński J. 1987. Atlas ...: 21, C-D -- ©Photo P. Koomen, E-I - Freudenschuss, M. & Seiter, M. (2016). Four new species of the jumping spiders from the Philippines, with description of the male of Phintella piatensis Barrion et Litsinger, 1995 (Araneae: Salticidae). Arthropoda Selecta 25(1): 85-97 .91-92, f. 15–21 . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Leptathamas Balogh, 1980
Type species Leptathamas paradoxus (1 recognizable species) Leptathamas-Q+M

A-B - Leptathamas paradoxus , C -D - same, male & female. ATTENTION: - comparable with Athamas: eyes in four rows, spermathecae, body shape and elementd of color pattern, difference: straight lateral section od spermophore.
Source: A-B - Szuts T. 2003c. Folia ent. hung. 64: 47-49, figs 9-15, 25, 28, 31, 34, 37, C -D - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 27, f 820-821. © Magnolia Press.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Lophostica Simon, 1902
Type species Lophostica mauriciana (3 recognizable species).
See more species at Lophostica-Q+M

A-C - Lophostica mauriciana.
Source: Duhem, Ledoux, Wesolowska 2005. Genus, 16(4): 527-536, f 1-24 . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Lycidas Karsch, 1878
Type species Lycidas anomalus (20 recognizable species).
See more species at Lycidas-Q

REMARKS. Genus names Lycidas Karsch, 1878, Maratus Karsch, 1878 & Jotus L. Koch, 1881 are used variably by different authors without satisfactory definition of their differences and contents. All three require professional taxonomic revision of ALL species before situation become clear. Males have relatively uniform palps, with uncertain yet "double structure of embolus", with color phonographs of live specimen being the best character. Published drawings of epigyne of females are generally unsatisfactory, with main difference in course and proportions of copulatory ducts (studied on temporary slides, well cleared and stained with Chlorazol Black E).

A-B - Lycidas anomalus, C - "Maratus" anomalus during courtship display - note semaphore like signaling of leg III, characteristic for SAITEAE subgroup. D-F - "Maratus" anomalus [?] epigyne and embolus, G-J - Lycidas auripes male and female, K - Lycidas auripes, L-M - Lycidas anomaliformis, N - Lycidas bitaeniatus,...
Source: A - Prószyński 1984a. Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogicznej, Siedlce: 159, B - Zabka, 1987b: 471, f. 50-51, C -©photo P. Robinson in Otto & Hill, 2012a: 30, f. 36.4, 6, D-F - Baehr & Whyte, 2016a :©Zootaxa 4154 (5): 509 - 510 f. 7 A, D, G-I, G-J - Photos ©Mark Halle - from Otto, Hill 2012b Peckhamia 103(1): 5-7, f [plates] 2-6 [as Jotus a.].
A - Davies Todd, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queens. Mus., 27 (2): 238, 244, t. 46, B-C - Zabka M. 1987b. Annales Zoologici, 40, 1: 458-460, ff. 23-24; 473-474, ff. 52-55. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
7
O-Q - diversity of internal structure of epigyne in 12 species of Lycidas (names given in plate Q) Forgotten documentation - internal structure of epigyne in Lycidas and related genera differs by shape and proportions of copulatory ducts and spermatheca. This is complementary to color pattern in live specimens, but in similar looking females, especially in specimens long preserved in ethanol it the only reliable character.
NOTE: This structure can be displayed by simple procedure of removing epigyne from body, clearing soft tissues in 10-20% aqueous solution of KOH for about 24 hours in room temperature, staining with Chlorazol Black E and mounting in a temporary slide, to be examined in Clove oil)
.
Source: Zabka 1987, Annales zoologici, 40: 455, f. 5-16. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Mabellina Chickering, 1946
Type species Mabellina prescotti (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Mabellina-Q+M

A-C - Mabellina prescotti.
Source: A - Chickering 1946. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 97: 68-72, figs 52-57: B - Maddison 1996. .Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 154 (4): 332, f 63, C - ©Photo G. B. Edwards, 2001. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Macaroeris Wunderlich, 1992
- See informal group EUODENINES
Type species Macaroeris nidicolens (8 recognizable species) .
See more species at Macaroeris

Gen. Maeota Simon, 1901
Type species Maeota dichrura (1 + 9 recognizable species).
See more species at Maeota-Q+M

A-C -Maeota dichrura.
Source: A - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 387, t. 25, ff. 16-18, B C --ZhangJ., Maddison 2012. Zootaxa 3578: 24, f 92–95. ©Magnolia Press, C - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 22, f 204-208. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Maeotella Bryant, 1950
Type species Maeotella perplexa (1 recognizable species).
See more at Maeotella-Q

A - Maeotella perplexa, B - Maeotella perplexa. [ATTENTION: these are the only diagnostic drawings of this genus in the literature]. COMMENT: transfer to Anasaitis not accepted here (see below).
Source:. A - Peckham & Peckham, 1901b: 12, pl. 3, f. 8 Attidae found in Jamaica.: 7, 8, 12, t 3, f 8. B - Bryant, 1950: 187 . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
Excerpts of documentation of transfer of 12 species belonging to 3 genera (including Maeotella perplexa) to the genus Anasaitis: "embolus usually", "tegulum sometimes", epigynum without distinct", "duct usually" - there are no information that the authors ever seen the species.The above data are sufficient for the WSC (ver. 19.5, December 2018) to accept synonymy of genera Maeota and Anasaitis)].
Source: Zhang & Maddison, 2015, Zootaxa 3938(1): 15. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Magyarus Zabka 1985
Type species Magyarus typicus (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Magyarus-Q+M

Magyarus typicus.
Source: Zabka 1985. Annales Zoologici 39, 11: 237-238, f 268-271. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Maileus Peckham, Peckham, 1907
Type species Maileus fuscus (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Maileus-Q+M

A -"Maileus fuscus Peck.Sarawak. Type 4312", B-D - "Maileus cf. fuscus.
Source: A - quick sketch by M. Zabka in Prószyński Internet 2003b, B-D - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 29, f 500-503. © Magnolia Press . . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Maratus Karsch, 1878
Type species Maratus amabilis (67 recognizable species).
See more species at Maratus-Q+M

A - Maratus amabilis: holotype, B - general appearance and coutship posturing in Maratus amabilis - male courtship display (note extended abdominal flaps), C - Maratus mungaich - female and male during courtship. D-E -Maratus mungaich - positions of male abdominal flaps in Maratus: fully extended during display, pressed to sides of abdomen (normal position), E -Maratus mungaich - posterovental views on three position of flaps, G-H - Maratus [?] sceletus : G - male, H - embolar area of palpal organ, I - female, J - epigyne.
Source: A - Zabka M. 1987b. Annales zoologici, 40, 1: 479, ff. 64-66, B, G-J - Otto, Hill 2011c. Peckhamia 96.1: 12-13, pl 13-14. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

ATTENTION: See Maratus splendens courtship dance: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1355RCne5w0.

Gen. Margaromma Keyserling, 1882
Type species Margaromma funesta (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Margaromma-Q+M

A - Margaromma funesta [Type species], B-D -same, original drawing.
Source: A - Davies T.., Zab. 1989. Mem. Queen.Mus., 27 (2): 230, t. 38, B-D - Keyserling 1882: 1347, t 114, f 5, 6. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Margaromma [misplaced] Thorell, 1899
Type species " Margaromma" nitida (5? misplaced species).
See more species at Margaromma-Q+M

Figure -XXm11 . A-B --"Margaromma" soligena [Misplaced] , C-D - "Margaromma" nitida [MISPLACED.
Source: A-B -- Zabka 1988b. Annales Zoologici, 41 (14): 462-463, ff. 110- 113, C-D - Prószyński J. 1984c. Atlas ...: 79 All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Mexigonus Edwards, 2003
Type species Mexigonus minutus (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Mexigonus-Q+M

A - Mexigonus minutus, B - same,, C - Mexigonus arizonensis, D-E - Mexigonus sp. from Ecuador.
Source: A - Edwards G.B. 2002a. 16(1-3): 70, f 9-12, B - ©Phot. D. Richman, C, D-E - - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 24, f 250-256. (compare Figs P7-P9, below) . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Microhasarius Simon, 1902
Type species Microhasarius pauperculus (1 recognizable species).
See more species at
Microhasarius-Q+M

A-C- Microhasarius pauperculus.
Source: A-B - Prószyński J. 1987. Atlas ...: 67, C - Simon 1903a: 823, f 966-968. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Mopiopia Simon, 1902
Type species Mopiopia comatula. (3 recognizable species).
See more species at Mopiopia-Q+M

A - Mopiopia comatula, B - Mopiopia labyrinthea, C - Mopiopia cf bruneti, D - Mopiopia gounellei.
Source: A - Galiano 1963b. Physis: 397-398, t. 28, f 3-6, B -Edwards, Rinaldi, Ruiz 2005. Biota Neotr. 5(2): 25, f 31-34, 56-57, C -©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 20, f 169, D - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 454-455, t 39, f 7-10. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Muziris Simon, 1901
Type species Muziris doleschalli (3 recognizable species).
See more species at Muziris-Q+M

A - Muziris doleschalli (Ambon), B - Muziris calvipalpis [placement?], C-D - "Muziris" wiehlei ©Photo B. Patoleta unpublished, coll. MNHN-Paris, type specimen [?] [MISPLACED by Berland - apparently CHRYSILLINES].
Source: A - Prószyński 1974 Atlas ...: 86 (Ambon), B - Keyserling E. 1883 1453, t 122, f 7, C-D - ©Photo B. Patoleta unpublished. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Naphrys Edwards, 2003
Type species Naphrys acerba (3 recognizable species).
See more species at Naphrys-Q+M

A-B - Naphrys acerba, C-D - Naphrys pulex, E-F - Naphrys bufoides, G-H - Naphrys pulex.
Source: A-B - Edwards G.B. 2002a. Insecta Mundi 16 (1-3): 69, f 5-8, C-D - Prószyński 1987. Atlas ...: 14, E-H - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 18. f 730-731 © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Nebridia Simon, 1902
Type species Nebridia semicana (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Nebridia-Q

Nebridia semicana.
Source: Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 401, t 27, f 15-18. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Neon Simon, 1876
Type species Neon reticulatus (20 recognizable species)
See more species at Neon-Q+M
PLACEMENT IN EUOPHRYINES TENTATIVE .

REMARK. Internal structure of epigyne with spermathecae divided into two spherical chambers (compare Iberattus), with relatively short and thin ducts, as in type species and similar species, resembles EUOPHRYINES. So is coiled embolus, presumably atop membranous haematodocha. Of the other hand there is considerable diversity among known 20 species of this genus, the loop of spermophor does not resemble typical meander. Phylogenetical relationships are therefore uncertain, but identification of the genus is easiest if morphologically placed among EUOPHRYINES. Diagnostic drawings below are integral part of definition.

A-D - Neon reticulatus, E - Neon nellii, F-G - Neon valentulus, H-J - Neon levis, K - Neon australis, L - Neon taylori (male not copied) .
Source: A-B -Snazell et al. 1999. Bull. Brit. Arach Soc. 11, 6: 251-254, f 5-8, C - Logunov 1998. Bull. Brit. Arachn. 11 (1): 17, f 13-14. - ©Photo J. Lissner, E - Paquin P., Duperre N. 2003. Fabreries, Suppl. 11: 197, f 2202-2204, F-G - Lohmander H. 1945. Göteborgs K. Vetensk. Samh. Handl. (6) 3B (9): 59-66, f 57-62, H - Zabka. 1997. Fauna Polski 19: 5-187, f 222-227, I-J - Prószyński 1979. Annales Zoologici 34 (11): 314, f 225-226, K-L - Richardson 2013. Zootaxa 3716 (3): 468-471, f 25-37. © 2013 Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Neonella Gertsch, 1936
Type species Neonella vinnula (12 recognizable species).
See more species at Neonella-Q+M

A-B --Neonella lubrica, C-G --Neonella vinnula, H-I - Neonella sp. Mexico & Uruguay.
Source: A-D -- Galiano M.E. 1988b. Revue suisse Zool., 95 (2): 441, f 2-7, 15, 20; 443, f 13, 18, E - ©Photo G. B. Edwards, F-I - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 24, f 257-263, f. 738-739. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Nicylla Thorell, 1890
Type speciesNicylla sundevalli (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Nicylla-Q

Nicylla sundevalli .
Source: Prószyński 1968c. Annales zoologici. 26: 244-246, f 9-13. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Ocnotelus Simon, 1902
see group EUODENINES Ocnotelus

Gen. "Oningis". Simon, 1901
.Not congeneric with type species Oningis pompatus = Jollas pompatu, (2 recognizable species)
See more species at "Oningis"-Q

REMARKS, Two not congeneric species belonging to EUOPHRYINES are left provisionally here, pending revision, while their type species is transferred to Jollas, belonging to SITTICINES.

MISPLACED in "Jollas"- pending transfer: A - "Oningis" armatus, B - "Oningis" crassus .
Source: A - Bryant 1943. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 92 (9): 495, T. 7, F. 70, 73, B - 497, T. 6, F. 58, 60, 67. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Opisthoncana Strand, 1913
Type species Opisthoncana formidabilis (1 recognizable species).
See more species at
.Opisthoncana-Q+M

A-C - Opisthoncana formidabilis .
Source: :Prószyński J. 1984c. Atlas ...: 96. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Orcevia Thorell, 1890
Type speciesOrcevia keyserlingi (6 recognizable species).
See more at Orcevia-Q

A - Orcevia keyserlingi Prószyński, Deeleman-Reinhold 2012, B - supposedly same, but identification doubtful, drawing impermissibly diagrammed, C - Orcevia kuloni, D - epigyne of Orcevia perakensis & O. eucola, E - Orcevia sp. [Borneo], F - Orcevia keyserlingi by Prószyński, G -same by Zhang & Maddison, H - Orcevia kuloni, I - Orcevia eucola.
Source: A, C-D, F, H-I - Prószynski, Deeleman-Reinhold 2012. Arthr. select. 21(1): 52-53, f 108-110, B, G - Zhang & Maddison , E - ©Photo P. Koomen. ee below. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Panysinus Simon, 1901
Type species Panysinus nicholsoni (1 recognizable? species).
See more species at
Panysinus-Q

P
A-- Panysinus nicholsoni (described fron Java, a few imported specimens reported from MNHN-Paris and from Great Britain), B - list of collections keeping species of Panysinus.
Source: A-- Simon 1937. 1244, 1272, f 2027-2028. B - Prószyński, 1971: 446. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Parabathippus see near BATHIPPUS

Gen. ParaharmochirusSzombathy, 1915
Type species Paraharmochirus monstrosus. (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Paraharmochirus-Q+M

A - Paraharmochirus monstrosus, B-C - Paraharmochirus tualapaensis.
Source: A - Szombathy 1915. Ann. hist.-nat. Mus. nat. 13: 489, f 13, B-C - Zhang J., Maddison 2012.Zootaxa 2012b: 36-39, f 170-182. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
ATTENTION: Maddison 2015 places Paraharmohirus, Diolenius and Sobasina in Euohryini - but I am not ready to confirm significance of sharing of some noticeable characters scattered also among other unrelated genera (legs I, straight lateral part of spermophor, unclear structure of embolus, in Diolenius and Paraharmohirus similar upper parts of ducts).

Gen. Parvattus Zhang J., Maddison 2012
Type species Parvattus zhui (1 recognizable species).
See more species at
Parvattus-Q+M

A-C - Parvattus zhui.
Source: A-B - Zhang J., Maddison 2012. Zootaxa: 3581: 70-71, f 75-80, C - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): f 653. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Pensacola Peckham & Peckham, 1885
Type species Pensacola signata (15 recognizable species).
See more species at Pensacola-Q+M

A-C - Pensacola signata, D-E --Pensacola sp, male and female from Mexico, sama source, F - confession of faith against facts.
Source: A-C - F. P.-Cambridge 1901 : 220, t. 18, f 7, D-E --- Zhang & Maddison, 2015: 59, f. 243-249; 110, f. 764-765, F - Zhang & Maddison, 2015: 24 (facsimile).. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Pensacolops Bauab, 1983
Type species Pensacolops rubrovittata (1 recognizable species).
See more species at
Pensacolops-Q+M

Pensacolops rubrovittata.
Source: Bauab, 1983: 2, f. 1-5. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Petemathis Prószynski & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2012
Type species Petemathis portoricensis (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Petemathis-Q+M

A-B - Petemathis portoricensis copied from Petrunkevitch, 1930, C-F - same by Zhang J., Maddison 2015.
Source: A-B -- copied from Petrunkevitch, 1930b: 118,f 97-103 by Prószynski, Deel.-Rein. Arthr. sel. 2012: 21(1): 54-55, f 189, 192, 196, C-F - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): f 85-90, 700-701. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Phasmolia Zhang J., Maddison, 2012
Type species Phasmolia elegans (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Phasmolia-Q+M

REMARK. Color pattern (but not genitalic structures) - comparable with Lakarobius!

A-C --Phasmolia elegans. Color pattern - compare Lakarobius!
Source: A-C - Zhang J., Maddison, 2012b:Zootaxa 3491: 39-41, f 183-195. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Popcornella Zhang J., Maddison, 2012
Type species Popcornella spiniformis (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Popcornella-Q+M

Diversity in genitalic characters within genus Popcornella, or different genera? A-C - Popcornella spiniformis, D -Popcornella furcata, E - Popcornella nigromaculata, F - Popcornella yunque.
COMMENT: Drawings of spermathecae diagrammed, which prevent proper interpretations
.
Source: Zhang J., Maddison. Zootaxa 3476: 44-46, f 190 –233. ©Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Pristobaeus Simon, 1902
Type species Pristobaeus jocosus (9 recognizable species).
See more species at Pristobaeus-Q+M

Diveresity among Pristobaeus. A - Pristobaeus jocosus, B-C, J-K - P. beccari, D-E - P. namosi, F - P. dearmatus, G - P. trigyrus, I - Pristobaeus sp. Sabah: Trus Madi.
Source: A-C - Prószyński 1984c: 96-97, D-E, G-H - Berry, Beatty, Prószyński 1996. J. Arachnology. 24(3): 243-244, f 106-110, I - ©Photo Peter Koomen , J-K - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 28, f. 848-851 © Magnolia Press.see below. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Prostheclina Keyserling, 1882
Type species Prostheclina pallida (7 recognizable species).
See more species at Prostheclina-Q+M

A-H - Prostheclina pallida.
Source: A, C-D - Davies Todd V., Zabka M. 1989. Mem. Queensland Mus., Brisbane, 27 (2): 238, t 44, ©Photo M. Stevens in R. Whyte +Otto, Hill 2012b. Peckhamia 103(1): 7-8, f [plate] 7. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Pseudemathis Simon, 1902
Type species Pseudemathis trifida (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Pseudemathis-Q+M

A-D - Pseudemathis trifida .
Source: Duhem, Ledoux, Wesolowska 2005. Genus, 16(4): 527-536, f 12-24. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Pseudeuophrys Dahl, 1912
Type species Pseudeuophrys erratica (9 recognizable species).
See more species at Pseudeuophrys-Q+M

A --Pseudeuophrys erratica (NOTE: coil of embolus hidden in a hole on top of bulbus), B - same, expanded palp, C-D - same epigyne, E-F - Pseudeuophrys lanigera (NOTE: coil of embolus hidden in a hole on top of bulbus), G-I - Pseudeuophrys obsoleta. J-M - same, male & female, ©Photo J. Lissner.
Source: A --Zabka 1997. F. Pol.. 19: 5-187, f 265-271, B-D - Logunov 1998b. Rev. Arachn. 12(11): 115, f. 33-34, E-F - Heciak, Prószyński 1984a. Annales Zoologici: 379-389, f 22, G-I - Prószyński 1979. Annales Zoologici 34: 307, f 78-83, J-M -©Photo J. Lissne. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Pseudosynagelides Żabka, 1991
Type species Pseudosynagelides yorkensis.(6 recognizable species)
See Pseudosynagelides

Gen. Pystira Simon, 1901
Type species Pystira ephippigera.(1 recognizable species).
See more species at Pystira-Q+M

A - Pystira sp. from Singapore ©Photo David Court, B-C - Pystira sp. male & female from Brunei, D-E -- Pystira ephippigera (Typus? "20334 ... Java" coll. Simon), F-G -- Pystira ephippigera (as Omoedus ephippigerus).
Source: A -©Photo David Cour, B-C - ©Photo Koh J. 2013: 206,. D-E -- Prószyński 1984c. Atlas ...: 117 (Typus? "20334 ... Java" coll. Simon), F-G -- Zhang & Maddison, 2015: 66, f. 343-349, 801-802. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Rhyphelia Simon, 1902
Type species Rhyphelia variegata (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Rhyphelia-Q+M

Rhyphelia variegata.
SOURCE: Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 429, t 33, f 10-12. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Rumburak Wesolowska, Azarkina & Russell-Smith, 2014
Type speciesRumburak lateripunctatus (7 recognizable species).
See more species at: Rumburak-Q+M

A-B --Rumburak lateripunctatus, C-D --Rumburak laxus [congeneric?]
SOURCE: A-B --Wesolowska, Azarkina & Russell-Smith, 2014. Zootaxa 3789 (1): 36-37, f 120-125, C-D -- Zhang J., Maddison 2012. [congeneric?] Zootaxa: 3581: 73-75, f 88–91. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Saaristattus Logunov, Azarkina, 2008
Type speciesSaaristattus tropicus.(1 recognizable species).
See more species at Saaristattus-Q+M

A-C - Saaristattus tropicus.

SOURCE: Logunov & Azarkina, 2008b: Arthr. sel. 2008:115, f. 10-19. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Saitidops Simon, 1901
Type species Saitidops clathratus (2 recognizable species).
See more species at: Saitidops-Q+M

A - Saitidops clathratus, B -- Saitidops albopatella.
SOURCE: A - Galiano. 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 430, t 35, f 1-3, B -- Bryant E. B. 1950. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 103: 199, f. 33-34. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Saitis Simon, 1876
Type species Saitis barbipes (16 recognizable species).
See more species at: Saitis-Q+M

A-B, H-I - Saitis barbipes male & female, C - Saitis mutans,
D-E, L - Saitis graecus, F-G, J-K - Saitis tauricus, H-I - Saitis graecus, J-K - Saitis tauricus, L - Saitis graecus.
SOURCE: A-B -- ©Photo J. Lissner. C-Otto, Hill 2012b. ©Peckhamia 103(1): 11-17 , f [plates] 7 Figure - D-E -- Copied from: Prószyński, J., Noordam, A., Oger, P. & Schäfer, M. (2018:88, f. 2A-N ).F-G - xx x H-I - Metzner 1999. Andrias 14: 58, 177, f 23a-e, J-K - Metzner 1999. Andrias 14: 58, 177, f 23a-e, Copied from: Prószyński, J., Noordam, A., Oger, P. & Schäfer, M. (2018:88, f. 2A-N ), L -Metzner 1999. Andrias 14: 58, 177, f 23a-e,. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Genus pending classification = temporarily quoted as
"Saitis" imitatus (Simon, 1868)

see Prószynski, J., Noordam, A., Oger, P. & Schäfer, M. (2018:88, f. 2A-N )

REMARK: S European species known from Croatia and Montenegro, resembling Iberattus semiglabratus by spermatheca divided into three chambers (poorly visible on photograph below), by appearance of palp and somewhat by type of general appearance. Pending furthyer research - see Prószyński, J., Noordam, A., Oger, P. & Schäfer, M. (2018:88, f. 2A-N ).

A-H - "Saitis" imitatus male & female.
SOURCE: A - Prószyński 1984c. Atlas ...: 41, B-D - ©Photo P. Oger, E-I - ©Photo Schäfer. A-I -All copied from: Prószyński, J., Noordam, A., Oger, P. & Schäfer, M. (2018:88, f. 2A-N ). All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Saitissus Roewer, 1938
Type species villosum (1 recognizable species).
See more species at: Saitissus ,

Saitissus squamosus. Genus unrecognizable without redescription of type specimen.
SOURCE: Roewer, 1938: 84, f. 62. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Salpesia Simon, 1901
Type species S. soricina (1 recognizable species + 3 misplaced).
See more species at: Salpesia-Q+M

Type species S. soricina from Seychelles, all remaining species, misplaced by Simon, pending reclassification
A-C - Salpesia soricina.
SOURCE: A - Prószyński 1984c. Atlas ...: 126, B-C - Wanless F.R. 1983. Ann. Mus. roy. Afr. centr. 241: 67-68,f 22a-d. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Saphrys Zhang J., Maddison, 2015
Type species villosum (10 recognizable species).
See more species at: Saphrys-Q+M

saphrys_teh
A-B - Saphrys tehuelche.
SOURCE: Galiano 1968b.: figs 1-3,13, 17, 21. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Semnolius Simon, 1902
Type specie Semnolius chrysotrichus (2 recognizable species).
See more species at: Semnolius-Q+M

A - Semnolius chrysotrichus, B-C - Semnolius imberbis.
SOURCE:. A - Galiano, 1963a: 443, pl. XXXVII, f. 10-11, B-C - Galiano, 1963a: 415, pl. XXXI, f. 1. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
COMMENT: Zhang & Maddison, 2015: 24 have good reason to suspect congeneric status of Semnolius and Ocnotelus, although basing that merely on "extremely similar palp structure" (which is pretty uniform within EUOPHRYINES ) seems a little bit short of proving that. Type specimens collected from the same locality and by the same collector.

Gen. Servaea Simon, 1888
Type speciesServaea vestita (6 recognizable species).
See more species at: Servaea-Q+M

A-B - Servaea vestita [?]© Photo: R. Whyte, C - same, lectotype, D - Servaea incana, lectotype.
SOURCE: A-B - © Photo: R. Whyte, C-D - Richardson, Gunter 2012. ©Zootaxa 3350: 5, f 12-13. Magmolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
COMMENT. According to above drawings S. vestita differs from S. incana by shape and proportions of spermathecae and ducts, the heretofore published drawings of palps do not show distinct characters. Documentation of live specimens seems to be necessary to check conspecificity of both.

Gen. Sidusa Peckham & Peckham, 1895
Type species Sidusa gratiosa (2 + ? recognizable species).
See more species at: Sidusa-Q+M

A -- Sidusa gratiosa, B, D -- Sidusa angulitarsis, C - Sidusa sp. [?].
SOURCE: A - Peckham & Peckham, 1895: 2(3): 175, t 16, f 10, B - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 447-448, t 38, f 6-7, C [ Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231, f. 106. D - © Photo: Azavedo & Gasnier. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

COMMENT. There is similarity of palps between of Chloridusa viridiaurea and Sidusa gratiosa, type species of their respective genera. but it is not certain whether sufficient to consider both species as congeners. Also photograph of Sidusa sp. (fig. C) above disagree. WSC lists at present 31 species of Sidusa, majority of them insufficiently known, devoid even diagnostic drawings. In this situation I would delay synonymization of these genera until full taxonomic revision. Note that Galiano consequently listed Chloridusa viridiaurea as separate genus.

Gen. Sigytes Simon, 1902
Type speciesSigytes paradisiacus [sp. dubius] (2 recognizable species).
See more species at: Sigytes-Q+M

A - Sigytes diloris [?] (NH Museum Wien - from Viti Levu), B - Sigytes diloris (oryginal drawings).
SOURCE:. A - Prószyński 1984c: 130, B - Keyserling 1881: 1302, t 111, f 3. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Siloca Simon, 1902
Type species Siloca sanguiniceps (1 + ? recognizable species).
See more species at: Siloca-Q

Pearl of wisdom: World Spider Catalog: "Siloca campestrata Prószyński, 2017b: 74, f. 38L (mf) [T from Coryphasia, but Siloca not revalidated]".
A -- Siloca campestrata, B-C - Siloca cf. campestrata.
SOURCE: A - Galiano 1963b. Physis 23 (66): 448, t 38, 1-3, B-C - Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 23, f 236-242. ( as Coryphasia cf. campestrata). © Magnolia Press. .All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Soesilarishius Makhan, 2007
Type speciesSoesilarishius amrishi (9 recognizable species).
See more species at: Soesilarishius-Q+M

A-B --Soesilarishius cf. amrishi, C-D - Soesilarishius ruizi, E -Soesilarishius sp. - Ecuador.
SOURCE: A-B - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 25, f 271-274. © Magnolia Press, C - Zhang J., Maddison 2012. Zootaxa 3578: 27-29, f 109–114, E - Ecuador, same source f 772-773.Photo Maddison, © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Spilargis Simon, 1902
Type speciesSpilargis ignicolor (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Spilargis-Q+M

A-B -- Spilargis ignicolor , C - same drawn by Simon.
SOURCE:. A-B - Prószyński 1987. Atlas ...: 102, C - Simon E. 1903a. : 772, f 904-910(= A-D). All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Stoidis Simon, 1901
Type speciesStoidis pygmaea. (1 recognizable species).
See more at Stoidis-Q+M

Stoidis pygmaea.
SOURCE: Peckham & Peckham, 1893 [1894]. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London., 1893: 702, t 62, f 10. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Talavera Peckham & Peckham, 1909
Type species Talavera minuta.Peckham, Peckham, 1909 (14 recognizable species).
See more species at: Talavera-Q+M

A - Talavera aequipes, male ©Photo M. Schaefer, B - same species, female ©Photo R. Macek. C - Talavera minuta - male - ©Photo J. Rosenfeld and D - female - ©Photo D. Walton; E -- Talavera minuta - palpal organ and epigyne, F-H- Talavera minuta - palpal organ, epigyne, spermatheca and duct, with details, I - Talavera aequipes, J-Talavera aequipes - tip of embolus and spermathecae, SEM, K - Talavera aequipes, expanded palpal organ, L-N - Talavera monticola, tip of embolus and spermathecae.
SOURCE: A - ©Photo M. Schaefer, B - ©Photo R. Macek. C-- ©Photo J. Rosenfeld, D - ©Photo D. Walton; E - Paquin P., Duperre N. 2003. Fabreries, Suppl. 11: 203, f 2270-2272., F-H- Proszynski J. 1990p [Private preprint]. Taxonomic revision of N American species of Euophrys and Talavera .... 1-23, 59 figs. , I - Logunov Kronestedt 2003. J. Natural History, 2003, 37: 1118-1121, f 2, 8-9, 33, 49, 82-88, J-N- Logunov Kronestedt 2003. J. Natural History, 2003, 37: 1118-1121, f 2, 8-9, 33, 49, 82-88. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Tanzania Koçak & Kemal, 2008
Type speciesTanzania mkomaziensis (6 recognizable species).
See more species at Tanzania-Q+M

A-E - Tanzania mkomaziensis.
SOURCE: . A-C - Wesolowska, Russel-Smith, 2000. Trop. Zool. 13 (1): 63, f 163-170, D - Wesolowska, Tomasiewicz 2008. J. Afrotr. Zool., 4: 24, 92-94, 209, E - Haddad, Wesołowska 2011. © Afr. Invertebr. 52(1): 125, f 189. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Tarodes Pocock,1899
Type species Tarodes lineatus (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Tarodes-Q+M

A-C --Tarodes lineatus, D-E --Tarodes sp. [Salomon Is.][both - det. J.A. Beatty, drawn by J. Prószyński].
SOURCE: A-E - Prószyński - Internet [both - det.. J.A. Beatty, drawn by J. Prószyński]. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Tatari Berland, 1938
Type species Tatari multispinosus (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Tatari-Q+M

A-B -Tatari multispinosus.
SOURCE: Berland, 1938: 152, f. 61-66. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Thiania C. L. Koch, 1846
Type speciesThiania pulcherrima (species dubius).
Representative species: Thania bhamoensis (17 recognizable species)
See more species at: Thiania-Q+M

A-B - Thiania bhamoensis (f - Birma - Thorell coll., Mus. Stockholm), C -same Malaysia: Upper Seletar Reservoir Park. © photo Marcus Ng, D - same © Photo by Daquin Li, E-G - Thiania suboppressa, H -J --Thiania sp. [Hong-Kong] (male, sub-adult male & female).
SOURCE: A-B, E-G - Prószyński 1984c. Atlas .. 144, 145 (f - Birma - Thorell coll.Mus. Stockholm), C -© Photo Marcus Ng, D - © Photo Daquin Li, copyright © by the Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Singapore, 2002, H -J --© Photo Charles Lam. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Thianitara Simon, 1903
Type speciesThianitara spectrum (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Thianitara-Q

A-B --Thianitara spectrum, C-D --Thianitara spectrum© Photo P. Koomen (Sabah: Danum Valley, canopy lowland rainforest)). E - Thianitara spectrum, F - Thianitara spectrum male and G-H - Thianitara thailandica.
SOURCE: A-B , F, G-H -- Prószynski, Deeleman-Reinhold, 2012. Arthr. select. 21(1): 58, f 159-162+178-182, C-D -- © Photo P. Koomen, E - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938 (1): 31, f 573-577, 889. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
COMMENT: beginners are apt to repeat the same errors: Zhang & Maddison, (2015: 32, f. 573-577, 889) have attempted to transfer Thianitara spectrum to the genus Thiania basing on superficial similarities of the habitus, I made the same mistake years earlier (not mentioned by the WSC, which has also overlooked earlier comments by Frances Murphy). Interesting who will fall into the same trap next.

Gen. Thorelliola Strand, 1942
Type species Thorelliola ensifera (19 recognizable species).
See more species at: Thorelliola-Q+M

A-B - Thorelliola ensifera (Thorell, 1877 (palp from Singapore and epigyne from Sulawesi), C-D - same, from Marquesas Is., E, G -"horns" set directly on clypeus in T. ensifera, F - same "horns" set on clypeus through a sort of proboscis in T. biapophysis, and several other species, H-I - T. ensifera from Singapore, male and female , J-K - same, from Borneo.
SOURCE: A-B - Prószyński 1984c: 148, C-D - same, Prószyński in Berry, Beatty, Prószyński 1997. J. Arachnol.25(2): 131, f 81-85 [from Marquesas Is], E, F, G - Gardzinska, Patoleta 1997. Mem. Queensland Mus. 42 (1): 218, f 4a-f, 5a-d ). H-I -© Photo H.K. Tang., J-K -© Photo J. Koh. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Thyenula Simon, 1902
Type species Thyenula juvenca (24 recognizable species).
See more species at: Thyenula-Q+M

A-B - Thyenula juvenca, C-E Thyenula alotama.
SOURCE: A-B - Prószyński J. 1987. Atlas ...: 101, C-E- Wesolowska, Azarkina & Russell-Smith, 2014. Zootaxa 3789 (1): 47-48, f 170-175. ©Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Tisaniba Zhang J., Maddison, 2014
Type species Tisaniba mulu (6 recognizable species).
See more species at: - Zhang & Maddison, 2014. Zootaxa 3852 (2): 252-272, f 1–13, 26–53; 254–256, f ; 259–261, f 37.

A-B - Tisaniba mulu [QUESTION: how to account for differences in epigyne of both paractypes?], C-D- Tisaniba bijibijan, E - Tisaniba kubah, F- Tisaniba mulu :- male paratype and G - Tisaniba bijibijan fmale paratype.
SOURCE: A-G - Zhang & Maddison, 2014. Zootaxa 3852 (2): 252-272, f 1–13, 26–53; 254–256, f ; 259–261, f 37. © 2014 Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Truncattus Zhang J., Maddison, 2012
Type species Truncattus flavus (3 species).
See more species at: Truncattus-Q+M

A-B - Truncattus flavus, C-D - Truncattus dominicanus, E-F - Truncattus cachotensis, G -"Nebrida"manni, H -"Nebridia"mendica, I -Truncattus manni, J - Truncattus mendica.
SOURCE: Zhang J., Maddison 2012 Zootaxa 3476: 52-53, f 253–262, 50-51, f 243–252; 48-49, f 234–242. ©Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.G-H - Bryant, E. B. (1943b). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 92: 433, f. 27A-B; 494, pl. 6, f. 62, 65, I-J - Salgado, A. & Ruiz, G. R. S. (2017). Zootaxa 4312(3): 433,436, f. 27A-B.

REMARKS: difference of internal structures of epigyne the above species suggest status of separate genera, term "secondary spermatheca" is misleading and require backing by precise morphological study. ATTENTION: Salgado & Ruiz, 2017: 433 have transferred species "Nebrida" mendica and "Nebridia" manni to the genus Truncattus ("T from Amphidraus, of which Nebridia was a syn"- the WSC commented, but did not display information WHO tranferred them from Nebridia to Amphidraus !!!).

Gen. Tylogonus Simon, 1902
Type species villosum (4 recognizable species).
See more species at: Tylogonus-Q+M

A --Tylogonus auricapillus, B-E - Tylogonus yanayacu.
SOURCE: A --Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 461-462; t. 41, f 1-5, B-E - Zhang J., Maddison 2012. Zootaxa 3578: 32-34, f 118–127, D-E - 2015: Zootaxa 3938(1): 25, f 655. ©Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Udvardya Prószyński, 1992
Type species Udvardya elegans (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Tylogonus-Q+M

Figure -XXu1 . A-C - Udvardya elegans, D E - Udvardya elegans ©Photo T. Szuts 2001.
SOURCE: Prószyński 1992a. Annales Zoologici 44, 8: 114-115, f 124-135, D E - Internet ©Photo T. Szuts 2001. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Variratina Zhang J., Maddison, 2012
Type species Variratina minuta (1 recognizable species).
See more at. Variratina-Q+M

A-D - Variratina minuta
SOURCE: Zhang J. & Maddison, 2015: Zootaxa 3938(1): 68, f. 379-384, 822-823. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Viribestus Zhang J., Maddison, 2012
Type speciesViribestus suyanensis (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Viribestus-Q+M

A-B - Viribestus suyanensis.
SOURCE: Zhang & Maddison, 2015: Zootaxa 3938(1): 88, f. 630-633, 908-909, ©Photo Maddison, Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Viroqua Peckham & Peckham, 1901
Type speciesViroqua ultima () (1 species inquirenda)
See more at Viroqua-Q+M

A - Viroqua ultima, FOR COMPARISON: B - Cytaea carolinensis. C- Cytaea cf. carolinensis -. from N Guinea: West Irian. Leg. Schenider. ATTENTION: dark transversal belt over chelicerae - characteristic for a number of species of Cytaea!.
SOURCE: A- L. Koch, 1881a: Die Arachniden Australiens. Nürnberg 1, 1259, pl. 108, f. 2, B - Prószyński in: Berry, Beatty, Prószyński 1998. Journal of Arachnology. 26(2): 152-154, figs 5-12, C-. ©Photo Freudenschuss. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Wallaba Mello-Leitão, 1940
Type speciesWallaba metallica. (species dubius) (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Wallaba-Q

W
A - Wallaba metallica - - TYPE SPECIES, the only exising diagnostic drawing to the gemus Wallaba, B - Zhang & Maddison contribution to the pool of knowledge on Wallaba - single line information on type species, no diagnostic documentation - WHY SHOULD THEY HELP COMPETITORS?
SOURCE: A -Mello-Leitão, 1940a. Arquivos de Zoologia do Estado de Sao Paulo 2: 191, f. 31, B - Zhang & Maddison 2015: Zootaxa 3938(1): 19. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
ATTENTION: Diagnostic drawings of "Wallaba" albipalpis and "Wallaba" decora in Database of Salticidae Prószyński 2016 do represent other genera.

Gen. Xenocytaea Berry, Beatty & Prószyński, 1998
Type speciesXenocytaea triramosa (14 recognizable species).
See more species at: Xenocytaea-Q+M

A-C - Xenocytaea triramosa, D -. Xenocytaea daviesae, E - Xenocytaea daviesae, F-H -- Xenocytaea victoriensis.
SOURCE: A. C-E - Prószyński in Berry,Beatty, Prószyński 1998. Journal of Arachnology 26(2): 182-184, f 101-104, 108-111, B - Photo B. Patoleta.2011, 39(2): 278, f 27, F-H - Patoleta, 2011.J.Ar. 39(2): 274-277, f 29, 33. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Yimbulunga Wesołowska, Azarkina & Russel-Smith, 2014
Type speciesYimbulunga foordi (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Yimbulunga-Q+M

Figure - XXy1. A-D --Yimbulunga foordi Wesolowska, Azarkina & Russell-Smith, 2014.
SOURCE: Wesolowska, Azarkina, Russel-Smith, 2014 Zootaxa 3789 (1): 70, f 250-256. © Magnolia Press.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Zabkattus Zhang J., Maddison, 2012
Type speciesZabkattus brevis (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Zabkattus-Q+M

A-C --Zabkattus brevis, D - Zabkattus trapeziformis.
SOURCE: A-C --Zhang J., Maddison 2012b: Zootaxa 3491: 69, f 306-318 + 2015: 3938 (1): 26, f 640-641, 910.© Magnolia Press. D - ©Zhang J., Maddison 2012b: Zootaxa 3491: 72-73, f 325–330 +b) 73, f 331–335. © Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Zenodorus Peckham, Peckham, 1886
Type speciesZenodorus durvillei (23 recognizable species).
See more species at Zenodorus-Q+M

A-B --Zenodorus durvillei (Walckenaer, 1837), C-D --same, E --Zenodorus cf. durvillei ©Photo: R.Whyte, F-H - Zenodorus metallescens (L. Koch, 1879), I - same, ©Photo: Vesko Petkov, J - same, ©Photo: R.Whyte.
SOURCE: A-B -- Prószyński 1984c. Atlas ...: 151, C-D -- Davies, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queens. Mus., 27 (2): 230, pl 35, E --©Photo: R.Whyte, F-H - Davies, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queens. Mus., 27 (2):230, 233, t 36, I- same, ©Photo: Vesko Petkov, J - ©Photo: R.Whyte. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Relationships between taxonomists are characterized by innumerable feuds of Homeric dimensions about names assigned to particular species. The above photos show 1) genus Omoedus, 2) genus Pystira, 3) genus Zenodorus. Oh no! That is single genus ... You are wrong, three genera... One! Three! - and so on, until last species will disappear due to destruction of natural environment.
SOURCE: 1) ©Photo Knowles, 2) ©Photo Court, 3) ©Photo Whyte. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.