Salticidae (Araneae) genera of the world - an atlas
(unfinished manuscript)
by Jerzy Prószyński
Professor Emeritus, Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences,
ul. Wilcza 63, 00-679 Warsaw, POLAND
e-mail: jerzy.proszynski@wp.pl

 Chapter 25
AELURILLINES
informal group of genera

Version June 14th, 2020


symbol of the supragroup HISPONINES-EUOPHRYOIDA

Composition and searching on this page:: Aelurillus Asianellus Langelurillus Langona Mashonarus Microheros Phanuelus Phlegra Proszynskiana Rafalus Stenaelurillus.

Exemplary representatives of the group
A-C - Aelurillus "v-insignitus" [ gray form, presumably different species!], D-F - Phlegra bresnieri [NOTE rarely visible membranous ducts attached to the pheromone exuding glands in epigyne], G-J - Aelurillus v-insignitus [black form] (G-H - male & I-J - female).
SOURCE: A-C, F - Proszynski, 1971e. Annales zoologici, 28: : 236, f 8-26, D-F - Logunov 1996. Genus, 7 (3): 562-564, f 4-5, 26, 74-80, G-J - ©Photo J. Lissner. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Group of genera AELURILLINES Prószyński, 2016

Mutual diagnostic characters of genera. Differs from all other groups of genera by coil of embolus hidden in a space between top of tegulum and wall of cymbium, with only tip emerging in front of tegulum. Tegulum in a form of strongly sclerotized, opaque shield, covering entire bulbus. Tibial apophysis short, usually biramous, with one ramus fleshy, but in Langona apophysis is single, accompanied by bunch of stiff bristles. Single apophysis occurs also in Rafalus and Stenaelurillus. Internal structures of epigyne unique but very characteristic for particular genera. Robust, terrestrial forms, chasing or ambushing.

Gen. Aelurillus Simon, 1884
Type species Aelurillus v-insignitus (59 recognizable species)
See more species at Aelurillus-Q+M

A-C, S-T - Aelurillus v-insignitus [black form], D-F - Aelurillus v-insignitus [?] [gray form], G-J - Aelurillus aeruginosus, K-L, Q-R - Aelurillus politiventris, M-P - Aelurillus kochi.
SOURCE. Proszynski, 1971d. Annales zoologici, 28: : 236, f 8-26. Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool., 2003, 53 (1): 20-22, 30-35, f 8, 13-14, 21, 27, 33, 39-42, 46-49, 53-56 61-62, 65-69, 79-81, 82-83, Q-R - .©Photo Asaf Uzan, S-T - . ©Photo J. Lissner. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

COMMENT: I have identified Aelurillus v-insignitus [?] [gray form] for the first time in 1955 using keys then available, only in 1960-ties I have seen the black form, better fitting descriptions. At that time I was too busy with other problems to do revision of both species, and was unable to continue it since. I summarized my inconclusive data in the paper Prószyński (1971d: Annales Zoologici 28: 236, f. 8-26 - Notes on systematics of Salticidae (Arachnida, Aranei). I-VI.) and gave comparative drawings of both forms, yet during 50 years nobody, to my knowledge, has attempted to clarify identification of these two species, one of the most common in Europe.

Gen. Asianellus Logunov, Heciak, 1996
Type species Asianellus festivus (6 recognizable species)
See more species at Asianellus-Q+M.

A-C, F-H - Asianellus festivus ( F-G - male, H - female), D-E - Asianellus potanini.
SOURCE. A - .Logunov, Heciak 1996. Ent. Scand. 27: 106-108, figs 1-5, 8, 10, 17-19, 23-28, 35, 39, B-E -, Proszynski 1984a. Ann. zool.: 379-389, f 15-24, Proszynski 1982. Ann. hist. nat. Mus. hung., 74: 276-277, ff. 2, 4-5, 6, 8, 10-11, F-H - ©Photo J. Lissner.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Langelurillus Próchniewicz, 1994
Type species Langelurillus primus (17 recognizable species)
See more species at Langelurillus-Q+M .

A-B - Langelurillus primus, C - Langelurillus cedarbergensis, D - Langelurillus horrifer, E - Langelurillus sp.
SOURCE. A-B - Prochniewicz 1994. Ann. zool., 45: 28-31, figs 1a-e, 2a-e, C-D - Haddad, C. R. & Wesołowska, W. (2013) 485, f. 57-62, D - Rollard, Wesolowska 2002. Zoosystema. 24 (2): 29-298, figs 11A-B, E - Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 116. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Langona Simon, 1901
Type species Langona redii (38 recognizable species)
See more species at Langona-Q+M.

.A-G - Langona redii, H-K, M-N - Langona oreni, L - Langona bhutanica.

SOURCE. Proszynski 2003a. Annales zoologici. 51: 82-84, figs 309-314, 322-324. L - Prószyński, J. (1978a), M-N - ©Photo Oren Hasson, 0 - ©Photo B. Knoflach]. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Mashonarus Wesolowska, Cumming, 2002
Type species Mashonarus guttatus (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Mashonarus-Q+M .

A-D - Mashonarus guttatus, E-G - Mashonarus brandbergensis.
SOURCE. A-D - Wesolowska W,. Cummings 2002. Bull. British arachn. Soc. 12 (4): 167-170, figs 1-1m, E-G - Wesolowska, 2006 Wesolowska W. 2006b. African Ent., 14 (2): 239-243, f 63-64. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy. .

Gen. Microheros Wesolowska, Cumming, 1999
Type species Microheros Wesolowska, Cumming, 1999 (1 recognizable species)
See more species at Microheros-Q+M .

A-B - Microheros termitophagus.
SOURCE. Proszynski J. 2003a.Wesolowska. Cumming 1999. Bull. British arachn. Soc., 11 (5): 204-208, figs 1-21 . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

COMMENTS. Palp resembles Stenaelurillus (below), color pattern repeats in various unrelated genera, for instance Phlegra, internal structure of epigyne - no clear similarities found yet.

Gen. Phanuelus Caleb, Mungkung, Mathai, 2015
Type species Phanuelus gladstone (1 recognizable species)
See more species at Phanuelus-Q+M .

A-F - Phanuelus gladstone.
SOURCE. Caleb et al., 2015. Tamil Nadu. Peckhamia 124(1): 7-10, f 26-40. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Phlegra Simon, 1876
Type speciesPhlegra fasciata (77 recognizable species)
See more species at Phlegra-Q+M.

P8
.A, C, D-F - Phlegra fasciata, B - same, embolus siting on distal haematodocha, P8 - same, epigyne. G-U - Phlegra amitai, .J-N - Phlegra bresnieri Figure - .O-Q - Phlegra yaelae , R-S - Phlegra particeps, T-V -Phlegra kulczynskii, W-X - Phlegra jacksoni. (Attention - external appearance without white stripes is mutual for a number of species).
SOURCE.
A, C - Zabka 1997. Fauna Polski 19: 5-187, f 259-264, B - Logunov 1996d. Genus, 7 (3): 544-547, f 1, 2; 562-564, f 4-5, 26, 74-80, D-F - ©Photo J. Lissner, G-I, O-S, W-X - Proszynski 2003a. Annales zoologici. 53, 1: 135, f 510-515, 516-518, 536-542 , T-U - Azarkina 2003. Rev. Arachn. 14, (6): 90-95, f. 54-56. 87-90, 101. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Proszynskiana Logunov, 1996
Type species Proszynskiana starobogatovi. (6 recognizable species)
See more species at Proszynskiana-Q+M .

A-B, 9-10 - Proszynskiana starobogatovi, C - facial color pattern in: 5-6 – P. zonshteini, 7-8 – P. iranica, 9-10 - P. starobogatovi, 11-12 – P. deserticola.
SOURCE. Logunov D. V. 1996e. Bull. Br. Arachnol. Soc. 10 (5): 175-176, f 1-2, 9-10, 13-14, 39, 47-53. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Rafalus Prószynski, 1999
Type species Rafalus christophori(15 recognizable species)
See more species at Rafalus-Q+M.

R
A-B, F -.Rafalus christophori, C - .Rafalus "christophori" [?], D, G - Rafalus insignipalpis,, E - Rafalus sp. from Elat, H - Rafalus desertus - male, I - Rafalus arabicus - female.
SOURCE.A-F - Proszynski 2003a. Ann. zool.. 53, 1: 135, f 536-542; 165, f. 652-653, G - © Photo by B. Knoflach, H-I - © Photo by Wesolowska, van Harten. UAE, 2010: 3: 51, pl 20-21, f 67-73; 55, pl 22, f 74-75. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Stenaelurillus Simon, 1885
Type species Stenaelurillus nigricaudus (28 recognizable species)
See more species at Stenaelurillus-Q+M .

S6
A-C - Stenaelurillus nigricaudus, D-E - Stenaelurillus mirabilis , F-H - Stenaelurillus lesserti, .I - Stenaelurillus sp. from India, J - Stenaelurillus sp, from Ghana, K-N - Stenaelurillus fuscus.
SOURCE. A - Berland, Millot 1941: 12, 2: 313, f 14, B-C - Wesołowska W. 2014. ©Zoosystema 36 (3): 610-612, f 9, D- E - Wesolowska W., A. Russel-Smith. 2000. Trop. Zool., 13 (1): 102, f 281-289,F-H - ©Photo J. Caleb, I - ©Photo Marashetty Seenappa, J - ©Photo T. Szuts, K-L - Cao, Li & Żabka, 2016. ZooKeys 630:  100-102 , f. 40–42, 43. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.