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Salticidae (Araneae) genera of the world - an atlas
(unfinished manuscript)
by Jerzy Prószyński
Professor Emeritus, Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences,
ul. Wilcza 63, 00-679 Warsaw, POLAND
e-mail: jerzy.proszynski@wp.pl

 Chapter 26
DENDRYPHANTINES
informal group of genera

Version June 23rd, 2020


symbol of the supragroup HISPONINES-EUOPHRYOIDA

Composition and searching on this page: Anicius Avitus Beata Bellota Dendryphantes Empanda Eris Ghelna Hentzia Lurio Mburuvicha Messua Metaphidippus Monaga Nagaina Naubolus Osericta Paradamoetas Paraphidippus Parnaenus Pelegrina Phanias Phidippus Poultonella Pseudofluda Rhene Rhetenor Rudra Sassacus Sebastira Selimus Semora Tacuna Terralonus Thammaca Tulpius Tutelina Uluella Zeuxippus Zygoballus.

Exemplary representatives of the group
A - Dendryphantes hastatus, B-C - Rhene flavigera, D - Messua felix from Hawaii.
SOURCE. A - Maddison 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 154(4): 231, 236, 335, f 103-104, B-C - Proszynski, 1964a:: 119-121, f 36; D - Messua felix. 239, f. 71-74. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

NONSENSICAL COMMENT of the WSC: "Messua felix Prószyński, 2002: 239, f. 71-74 (m, figures f,* provided no justification for transfer) [* here fig. D above].

Informal group of genera DENDRYPHANTINES

Mutual diagnostic characters of genera included. Distal haematodocha noticeable in resting state of a palp, embolus short, broad or triangular, rarely thin and bent (Fig. 42A). Tegulum thick and opaque, spermophor less noticeable than in EUOPHRYINES, apically bent, next running straight, or slightly waving, along retrolateral surface of bulbus. Epigyne heavily sclerotized, without "windows", instead with anterior horse-shoe shaped furrow with copulatory openings at the bottom of sclerotized depressions at the lateral ends of furrow. Copulatory ducts begin as straight, thick walled tubes at the anterior part of epigyne, shortly pass indistinctly into entangled sclerotized ducts or solid spermathecae with internal chambers.
. Large group, containing some 400 recognizable species (and 108 unrecognizable), in appearance and habits comparable with EUOPHRYINES, usually short legged and not jumping.
Remark. Modern set up of the group was begun by Maddison 1995, one of the best and most important taxonomic revisions of Salticidae in literature, containing also stimulating ideas (like embolus sitting atop distal haematodocha, different from fixed embolus), which influenced also present division of Salticidae.* Species with genitalic characters partially resembling EUOPHRYINES are separated into new group of subfamilial rank - EUODENINES 23 .

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FOOTNOTE*. Personal archive of Dr. W.P. Maddison contains very important diagnostic drawings of undescribed forms of DENDRYPHANTINES, and some other Salticidae, 84 unpublished to date, which he has very kindly permitted me to copy in 1986, unfortunately I have no permission to display them in the present database of Salticidae.

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Gen. Anicius Chamberlin, 1925
Type species Anicius dolius (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Anicius-Q+M.

A - Anicius dolius, B - Anicius sp.
SOURCE. Maddison W.P. 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 154 (4): 330, fig 21. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Avitus Peckham & Peckham, 1896
Type species Avitus diolenii (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Avitus-Q+M.

A - Avitus diolenii, B - Avitus taylori, C - Avitus longidens.
SOURCE. A2 A- Peckhams 1896: 5, 57, t 5, f 3 b, B - Peckham & Peckham, 1901b: 15, pl. 4, f. 13, C - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 305-306, t 10; f 5-8. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
REMARK: Avitus diolenii - the best diagnostic drawing of palp by Maddison is unpublished, but I have no permission to show it here!

Gen. Beata Peckham & Peckham, 1895
Type species Beata magna (18 recognizable species).
See more species at Beata-Q+M.

B
A-B - Beata magna, C - Beata aenea, D-E - Beata sp., F-G - Beata hispida.
SOURCE. A - Peckhams 1895. 2 (3): 168, t 15, f 9, B - Maddison 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 154(4): 232, 337, f. 77, 109-112, D-E - Galiano 1992. Rev. Soc. Entom. Argentina. 50: 34, figs 1, 2, 6, 9, 15, 17-20, D-E - ©photo C.J. Grismado. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
ATTENTION: palp resembles rather Dendryphantes - isn't it mixed up?

Gen. Bellota Peckham & Peckham, 1892
Type species Bellota peckhami (7 recognizable species).
See more species at Bellota-Q+M .

B6
A - Bellota peckhami, B-C - Bellota wheeleri, D - Bellota yacui, E - Bellota fascialis & livida - two unrecognizable and misclassified species described from Pakistan in 1935 using American literature, F -Bellota sp.
SOURCE. B6 - Galiano 1972a.Physis, C, 31(83): 472, f 43, 51, B7 - Galiano M.E. 1972a. Physis, C, 31(83): 480, ff. 1-2, 15-16, 45, 50; 481, f. 8, 14, 23-24, 27,, E - Dyal, 1935: 224, pl. 17, f. 173-175 Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 154(4): 333, fig. 42, E - Dyal, 1935: 224, pl. 17, f. 173-175, F - Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 74. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Nomenclatorical correction
Bellota fascialis Dyal, 1935: 223, pl. 17, f. 173 - nomen dubium
Bellota livida Dyal, 1935: 224, pl. 17, f. 174-175 - nomen dubium - two unrecognizable species (see fig. B11) from Pakistan: Lahur area, placed in South American genus.

Gen. Dendryphantes C. L. Koch, 1837
Type species Dendryphantes hastatus (39 recognizable species).
See more species at Dendryphantes-Q+M.

DD1
A-B, G - Dendryphantes hastatus, C-F - Dendryphantes rudis, H - Dendryphantes fusconotatus (holotype), I - same (lectotype of D. thorelli), J-K - D. chuldensis, L-M - D. tuvinensis (presumably not congeneric).
SOURCE. SOURCE. A, D - Maddison 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 154(4): 231, 236, 335, f 103-104, B - Proszynski, 1979: 305, 306, ff. 36-6, D - Proszynski in (eds), Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 496, f. 1327, E-F - ©Photo J. Lissner, G - ©photo © Arachnol. Gesells - G. Lauterbach, H-I - Proszynski 1979. Ann. zool., 34: 305K-L - Proszynski 1982. Ann. hist. nat. Mus. hung., Budapest, 74: 278-280, figs 18-22. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

ATTENTION: Observations in Poland in 1970: Dendryphantes hastatustus builds noticeable white retreats on young pine trees (10-15 years old), D. rudis is rarely mentioned in on faunal papers and represented in collections, in fact is very common in pine crowns - a number in each crown, many thousands per hectare of forest.

Gen. Empanda Simon, 1903
Type species Empanda ornata (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Empanda-Q+M.

Empanda ornata.
SOURCE. F. P.-Cambridge 1901. Biol. Centr.-Am. Zool.: 248, table 21, figs 14- 16. . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Eris C. L. Koch, 1846
Type species Eris militaris (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Eris-Q+M.

A-E - Eris militaris.
SOURCE. A-C - Maddison 1986: Psyche 93, 1-2: 141-145, figs 2-7, 14, D-E - Hill in Hill, Edwards 2013. Peckhamia 107.1: 25-26, pl 22-23. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Ghelna Maddison, 1996
Type species Ghelna castanea. (3 recognizable species).
See more species at Ghelna-Q+M

A - Ghelna castanea, B-D - Ghelna canadensis.
SOURCE. A - Maddison 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zoology, 154 (4): 232, 239, fig. 48, B-D - Paquin P., Duperre N. 2003. Fabreries, Suppl. 11: 194, figs 2169-2171, D - © Photo G.B. Edwards. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Hentzia Marx, 1883
Type species Hentzia palmarum (22 recognizable species).
See more species at Hentzia-Q+M

A-D - Hentzia palmarum, E-F - Hentzia mitrata, G-J - Hentzia alamosa.
SOURCE. A, E - Kaston, 1948: 491, f. 1814, 1841-1847, E, G-H - Richman 1989. J. Arachn. 17: 296, f 16-28, C-D, F - Maddison 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zoology, 154 (4): 228, 330, 331, f 24, 37, I-J - © Photo D. B. Richman, 2001. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Lurio Simon, 1901
Type species Lurio solennis (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Lurio-Q+M.

A-D - Lurio solennis, C-D - same, female, Brasil: Roraima: Ilha de Maracá.
SOURCE. A-D - Crane J. 1945. Zoologica, N. York, 30 (1, 3): 38, f. 4A-G, C-D - © Photo Gasnier & Azevedo . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Mburuvicha Scioscia, 1993
Type species Mburuvicha galianoae (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Mburuvicha-Q+M

A-D - Mburuvicha galianoae.
SOURCE. A-D - Scioscia, C. L. 1993. Bull. British Arachnol. Soc. 9 (4): 123, figs 1-15 . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Messua Peckham & Peckham, 1896
Type species Messua desidiosa (15 recognizable species).
See more species at Messua-Q+M.

A-B - Messua desidiosa, C-D - Messua felix (from Hawaii, det. J. A. Beatty), E -Messua limbata.
SOURCE. A-B, E - Maddison 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 154(4): 228-233, f 86-89, 90, 100, 117, C-D - Proszynski J. 2002. Arthr. Sel. 10 (3): 239, figs 71-74. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy..

NONSENSICAL COMMENT of the WSC: "Messua felix Prószyński, 2002: 239, f. 71-74 (m, figures f, provided no justification for transfer).

Gen. Metaphidippus F. P.-Cambridge, 1901
Type species Metaphidippus mandibulatus (27 recognizable species).
See more species at Metaphidippus-Q+M

A - Metaphidippus mandibulatus, B-D - Metaphidippus manni, E-F - Metaphidippus chera, G-I - Metaphidippus emmiltus, J-K - Metaphidippus siticulosus.
SOURCE. A-D - Maddison 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 154(4): 231, 234, 335, f 74, 96-98, 33, 186-187, 233, 257, 176, 177, 235, 534-538, J - Peckhams 1909. 16 (1): 495, t 39, f 11. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Monaga Chickering, 1946
Type species Monaga benigna (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Monaga-Q+M.

A
Monaga benigna.
SOURCE. Chickering 1946. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 97: 196, f 168-171. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Nagaina Peckham & Peckham, 1896
Type species Nagaina incunda (3 recognizable species).
See more species at Nagaina-Q+M.

A-D - Nagaina incunda, E - Nagaina diademata.
SOURCE. A-D - Maddison 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool., 154(4): 308-310, f 174, 175, 228, 488-492, D - Peckham & Peckham, 1896: 55, pl. 4, f. 10, E - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 399, t 27, f 13 +. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Naubolus Simon, 1901
Type species Naubolus micans (3 recognizable species).
See more species at Naubolus-Q+M..

Remarks. The genus consists of three incidentally assembled species, poorly recognizable by available diagnostic characters. Remaining species listed in the World Spider Catalog are either nomina dubia or species inquirenda.

Figure - . N3 - Naubolus micans, N4 - Naubolus posticatus, N5-N6 --Naubolus trifasciatu.
SOURCE. N3 - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23(66): 400, t 27, f 14 , N4 -: Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23(66): 401, t 27, f 11-12 N5-N6 - Edwards, Rinaldi, Ruiz 2005. Biota Neotropica 5(2): 21, f 8-9, 48. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Osericta Simon, 1901
Type species Osericta dives (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Osericta-Q+M..

A - Osericta dives, B-C - Osericta cheliferoides.
SOURCE. A - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23(66): 413, t 32, f 1-2, B-C - Galiano 1972b. Rev. Mus. argent. Cien. natur. Entomol. 4(1): 37, f 52, 70-72. . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Paradamoetas Peckham & Peckham, 1885
Type species Paradamoetas formicina (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Paradamoetas-Q+M.

A - Paradamoetas formicina, B-C-Paradamoetas fontana.
SOURCE. A - Peckhams 1909. 16 (1): 375, t 49, f 2d, B - Maddison W.P. 1996. Bull. Mus. Comparative Zool. 154 (4): 333, f 58, 114, C - Cutler 1981d. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 170 (1): 212, f. 3, 10, 15-16, 23-24, 26.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Paraphidippus F. P.-Cambridge, 1901
Type species Paraphidippus laniipes (11 recognizable species).
See more species at Paraphidippus-Q+M..

Remarks. There is no single diagnostic drawing of internal structures of epigyne in this genus.

A - Paraphidippus lanipes, B-C - Paraphidippus aurantius, D - Paraphidippus basalis.
SOURCE. A - F. P.-Cambridge 1901. Arachnida. Araneida . 2. In: Biol. Centrali-Amer., Zool,, : 274, 275, t 25, f 11a-d, B-C - F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901a: 276, pl. 26, f. 1-2, D - © Photo by G. B. Edwards, 2001. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

COMMENT: Placement of this genus and synonymy within it looks particularly unconvincing, single palp drawn by W. P. Maddison (1996: 332, f. 40) is in fact labeled "Eris cf. aurantia" .

Gen. Parnaenus Peckham & Peckham, 1896
Type species Parnaenus cyanidens (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Parnaenus-Q+M..

A-D - Parnaenus cyanidens.
SOURCE. A-C - Scioscia. Physis, C. 1995: 53(124-125): 39-44, f 6-19 +b) 38-39, f 1-5, D - © Photo G.B. Edwards. . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Pelegrina Franganillo, 1930
Type species Pelegrina proxima (48 recognizable species).
See more species at Pelegrina-Q+M..

A-D - Pelegrina proxima, D - Pelegrina galathea feeding at extrafloral nectaries (note the droplet of nectar at the tip of tarsus II).
SOURCE. A-D - Maddison W.P. 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 154 (4): 265, f 264-269, E - ©Photo D. Hill. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Phanias Peckham & Peckham, 1896
Type species Phanias flavostriatus (8 recognizable species).
See more species at Phanias-Q+M ..

A - Phanias flavostriatus, B-C - Phanias albeolus [note that epigyne is incompatible with type species - A!], D-E - Phanias harfordi (E - two different epigyne?).
SOURCE. A - Pickard-Cambridge F. 1901: 248, 251, t 22, f 8, B-D - Maddison 1996: 154 (4): 232, 238, f 47,E - Peckhams 51, pl. 1, f. 36, pl. 3, f. 36. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Phidippus C.L. Koch, 1846
Type species Phidippus audax (60 recognizable species).
See more species at Phidippus-Q+M..

Remarks. Note large to enormous size, vivid coloration and iridescent anterior surface of chelicerae in these beautiful spiders, making them easily identifiable.

Phidippus (audax-group)
Representative species Phidippus audax (5 recognizable species).
See more species at Phidippus(audax-gr)-Q

A-B - Phidippus audax from Hawaii, epigyne, C-E - Phidippus audax.F - Phidippus princeps female, G - same, male, H - Phidippus pulcher - female, I - Phidippus workmani female.
SOURCE. A-B - Proszynski 2002. Arthr. Selecta. 10(3): 239, f. 77-78, C - Maddison 1996. Bull. Mus. Compar. Zool., 154 (4): 229, 266, 267, 333, 335, f 41, 67, 113, D - Edwards G.B. 2004. 11: 72, photos C32-36, E - ©Photo D.Hill.
G - Edwards G.B. 2004. 11: photo C37-38, F, H - ©Photo D.Hill, I - ©Photo T. Shahan. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Phidippus (cardinalis-group)
Representative species (8 recognizable species).
See more species at Phidippus(cardinalis-gr)-Q.

A-C - Phidippus cardinalis, D - Phidippus clarus - courtship
SOURCE. A-B - Edwards G.B. 2004. 11: 64, 139, f 197-202 +77, 144, f 248-253, C-E - ©Photo D.Hill. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Phidippus (insignarius-group)
Representative species Phidippus (insignarius-group) insignarius (9 recognizable species).
See more species at Phidippus(insignarius-gr)-Q ..

A-D - Phidippus insignarius.
SOURCE. A-D - Edwards G.B. 2004. 11: 52-53, f 143-147. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Phidippus (johnsoni-group)
Representative species Phidippus johnsoni (8 recognizable species).
See more species at Phidippus(johnsoni-gr)-Q.

A-D - Phidippus johnsoni. ATTENTION: diversity of epigyne and dorsal pattern of abdomen indicate species difference.
SOURCE. A-C - Edwards G.B. 2004.82-84, f 254-260, 266-274, D - ©Photo T. Shahan. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Phidippus (mystaceus-group)
Representative species (10 recognizable species).
See more species at Phidippus(mystaceus-gr)-Q.

A-E - Phidippus mystaceus.
SOURCE. A-E - Edwards G.B. 2004. 11: 42, 129, figs 89-94 +43, 130, f 95-100, D - ©Photo T. Shahan, E - ©Photo D. Hill. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Phidippus (octopunctatus-group)
Representative species Phidippus ) octopunctatus (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Phidippus(octopunctatus-gr)-Q .

A-C - Phidippus octopunctatus.
SOURCE. Edwards G.B. 2004. 11: 26, 122, figs 7-11. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Phidippus (otiosus-group)
Representative species (5 recognizable species).
See more species at Phidippus(otiosus-gr)-Q

A-C - Phidippus otiosus.
SOURCE. Edwards G.B. 2004. 11: 55, 135, f 154-161. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Phidippus (purpuratus-group)
Representative species (10 recognizable species).
See more species at .Phidippus(purpuratus-gr)-Q.

A-D - Phidippus purpuratus, E-J - Diversity of epigyne internal structures in: E - P. ardens, F - P. texanus, G - P. aureus, H - P. tyrannus, I - P. apacheanus, J- P. nikites.
SOURCE. Edwards (2004). Occasional Papers of the Florida State Collection of Arthropods 11: 1-156. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Phidippus (putnami-group)
Representative species (5 recognizable species).
See more species at Phidippus(putnami-gr)-Q.

A-D - Phidippus putnami.
SOURCE. A-D - Edwards G.B. 2004. 11: 28-30, 123, f 17-21, 345-346, D - ©PhotoT. Shahan.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Poultonella Peckham & Peckham, 1909
Type species Poultonella alboimmaculata (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Poultonella-Q+M.

A-C - Poultonella alboimmaculata. ATTENTION: "alboimmaculata" is an oxymoron (= "white unspotted", presumably misspelling for "albomaculata" (= "whitespotted"). If genitalic characters correspond with reality, then placement of this genus is wrong!).
SOURCE.Cokendolpher, Horner 1978. J. Arachnol. 6: 135, f 1-3, 6-7 . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Pseudofluda Mello-Leitão, 1928
Type species Pseudofluda pulcherrima (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Pseudofluda-Q+M.

A-B - Pseudofluda pulcherrima.
SOURCE. Edwards, Rinaldi, Ruiz 2005. Biota Neotropica 5(2): 22, f. 19-13. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Rhene Thorell, 1869
Type species Rhene flavigera (45 recognizable species).
See more species at Rhene-Q+M .

A-E - Rhene flavigera, D-J - Rhene flavigera from Borneo: Sabah, K - Rhene flavicomans from Dehradun, India, L - Rhene sp. from Dehradun, India, M - Rhene sp. from Dehradun, N - Rhene sp. from Coimbatore, India, O-P - Rhene sp. from Hong Kong, Q-U - Comparison of internal structures of epigyne in Rhene: Q - Rhene atrata- type, R - Rhene darjeelingiana, S - Rhene phuntsolingensis, T - Rhene rubrigera, U - Rhene timida [original name "timidus" amended" - because grammar gender should be feminine].
SOURCE. A-C, T - Proszynski 1984c. Atlas ...: 12, 119-121, D-J - ©Photo P. Koomen, K-M - ©Photo Anurag, N - ©Photo Karthik Keyan, O-P - © Photo Charles Lam, Q - Proszynski 1973b. Ann. zool., 30: 102-104, f 15-22, R - Proszynski 1992b. Ann. zool. 44, 9: 204-205, f 162-163, 167, 170-171, S - -Jastrzebski 1997c. Ent. Bas., Basel, 20: 52-55, f 12-17, U - Wesołowska & Haddad 2013. Afr. Invert.: 54 (1): 226-227, f 98, 149, 150. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Rhetenor Simon, 1902
Type species Rhetenor diversipes (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Rhetenor-Q+M..

A - Rhetenor diversipes, B-D - Rhetenor texanus (male holotype + female allotype), E - Rhetenor sp. [ATTENTION: the above three species seems to be not congeneric, shape of cephalothorax seems to be poor diagnostic character since occurs in a number of unrelated salticid genera] .
SOURCE. A - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 428-429, t 33, f 17; t 34, f 7, B-D - ©Photo Ryan Kaldari, E - Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231-292, f. 76. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Rudra Peckham & Peckham, 1885
Type species Rudra geniculata (11 recognizable species).
See more species at Rudra-Q+M.

A-B - Rudra geniculata, C-D - Rudra humilis, E - Rudra sp.
SOURCE. :A-B - Maddison 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp.Zool. 154 (4): 333, f 54, C-D - Galiano 1984b. Physis, C. 42 (103): 64-65, 66, 68, f 2, 20, 24 + 6-8, 11, 17-18, 21, 27. E - © Photo Machado & Gasnier. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Sassacus Peckham & Peckham, 1895
Type species Sassacus papenhoei (17 recognizable species).
See more species at Sassacus-Q+M.

S
A-B - Sassacus papenhoei, C - Sassacus papenhoei watching an ant at a Prunus nectary (for which both compete), D - Sassacus [?] sp. at shelter entrance.
SOURCE. A-B - Maddison 1996. Bull. Mus. Comparative Zoology, 154 (4): 332, f 45, 69, C - © Photo D.E. Hill, D - © Photo A. Anker. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Sebastira Simon, 1901
Type species Sebastira instrata(2 recognizable species).
See more species at Sebastira-Q+M.

A - Sebastira instrata, B-C - Sebastira plana.
SOURCE. A - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 441-442, t 37: , f 1-3, B-C - Chickering 1946. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 97: 442, f 407-412. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Selimus Peckham & Peckham, 1901
Type species Selimus perfectus (2 recognizable species).
See more species at Selimus-Q+M .

Selimus perfectus.
SOURCE. Maddison 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 154(4): 238, f 60. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Semora Peckham & Peckham, 1892
Type species Semora napaea (3 recognizable species).
See more species at Semora-Q+M.

A - Semora napaea, B-C - Semora langei.
SOURCE. A - Peckhams 1892. Occ. Pap. Nat. Hist. Soc. Wisc., 2 (1): 69, t 5, f 6, B - Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 444, t 34, f 1-2, 4, C- Edwards, Rinaldi, Ruiz 2005. Biota Neotr. 5(2): 22, f 14-16, 49.. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Tacuna Peckham & Peckham, 1901
Type species Tacuna delecta (4 recognizable species).
See more species atTacuna-Q+M.

A-C - Tacuna delecta, D - Tacuna vaga.
SOURCE. A-C - Galiano M. E. 1995b. Physis C, 50: 114-119, f. 23,., f. 9-13, 25, 27, 28. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Terralonus Maddison, 1996
Type species Terralonus mylothrus (6 recognizable species).
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A-B - Terralonus mylothrus.
SOURCE. Maddison 1996. Bull. Mus.Comp. Zool.gy, 154 (4): 232, 239, 330, f 68. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Thammaca Simon, 1902
Type species Thammaca nigritarsis (2 recognizable species).
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A-B - Thammaca nigritarsis.
SOURCE. Galiano 1963b. Physis, 23 (66): 456-457, t 37, f 15, 18. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Tulpius Peckham & Peckham, 1896
Type species Tulpius hilarus (1 recognizable species).
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A-B - Tulpius hilarus.
SOURCE. Maddison W.P. 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 154 (4): 332, f 46, 116. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Tutelina Peckham & Peckham, 1896
Type species Tutelina elegans (5 recognizable species).
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A-B -Tutelina elegans, C-D - Tutelina similis, E -Tutelina sp feeding on giant ant.
SOURCE. A-B - Kaston B. J. 1948. Bull. Conn. St. geol. nat. Hist. Surv. 70: 488, t 97, f 1809-1811, B - Paquin & Duperre N. 2003. Fabreries, Suppl. 11: 203, figs 2276-2278, D - ©Photo G. B. Edwards, E - ©Photo D. Hill. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Uluella Chickering, 1946
Type species Uluella formosa (1 recognizable species).
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A-C Uluella formosa.
SOURCE. Chickering 1946. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 97: 419, f 376-383. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Zeuxippus Thorell, 1891
Type species Zeuxippus histrio (4 recognizable species).
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A-B - Zeuxippus histrio, C-E - Zeuxippus pallidus.
SOURCE.A-B - Proszynski 1984c. Atlas ...: 122 , C-E - Zabka 1985. Ann. zool. 39, 11: 456-457, f 639-645. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Zygoballus Peckham & Peckham, 1885
Type species Zygoballus rufipes (14 recognizable species).
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A-B - Zygoballus rufipes, E - Zygoballus nervosus, G-H - Zygoballus cf. incertus, I - Zygoballus incertus (lectotype Atelurius i.).
SOURCE. , A-E, G - Maddison W.P. 1996. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 154 (4): 330, f 26, 23, 38, 39, 51, 57C - Kaston B. J. 1948. Bull. Conn. St. geol. nat. Hist. Surv. 70: 496, t 100 f .1861-1862, D-E - ©Photo. D. Hill, E -Paquin P., Duperre N. 2003. Fabreries, Suppl. 11: 203, f 2279-2280, I - Galiano 1987c.J. Arachn., 15: 290, f 18. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.