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Salticidae (Araneae) genera of the world - an atlas
(unfinished manuscript)
by Jerzy Prószyński
Professor Emeritus, Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences,
ul. Wilcza 63, 00-679 Warsaw, POLAND
e-mail: jerzy.proszynski@wp.pl

 Chapter 36
SYNAGELES
informal group consisting of single genus

Version August 10th, 2020


symbol of the genera not classified into supragroups
A-B - Synageles venator, male and female, C - Synageles dalmaticus - female, D - Synageles hilarulus.
SOURCE. A-C © Photo J. Lissner, D - ©Arachnologische. Gesellshaft. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy
.

Single genus Synageles


Mutual diagnostic characters of genera included. Recognizable by body shape and color pattern - see photos above, considered ant-like but eyefield is flat, abdominal constriction is weakly developed although enhanced by a transverse white band, or dots. Genus Synageles stands apart from other groups of genera, differing from EUOPHRYINES by lack of meandering spermophor, relation of embolus to inflatable distal haematodocha is shown on figs B, L below. Epigyne and its internal structures are relatively simple, see figs E-H, J, diversified, without close resemblance to other Salticidae.

Gen. Synageles Simon, 1876
Type species Synageles venator (20 recognizable species).
See more species at Synageles-Q+M.

A-B, E - Synageles venator, male and female, C, F - Synageles dalmaticus - female, D, G - Synageles hilarulus, H- Synageles ramitus.
SOURCE. A, D, G - Zabka 1997. Fauna Pol. 19: 100, f 388-392, B-C, E-F - Proszynski 2002,
Ann. zool. 169-170, f 694-698, H - Proszynski J. 1982. Ann. hist. nat.Mus. hung. 74: 290, f 46-47. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.
I-L - Synageles noxiosus: I -J - from Ontario, Long Beach, leg. det. Maddison, prior to 1976 as Peckhamia scorpionia, L - expanded palp showing relation between embolus, distal and basal haematodocha (this suggests that Synageles could be moved to supragroup EUOPHRYOIDA).
SOURCE. I-J - Proszynski 1976: 188, f 446-450, K - Paquin P., Duperre N. 2003. Fabreries, Suppl. 11: 202, f 2263-2266, L - Maddison 1996: 331, f 29.9, All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy
.

COMMENT. A case of selective bias in the WSC - fig. J is the only detailed drawing of spermatheca of Synageles noxiosus in literature to date, but is not quoted by the WSC.