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Salticidae (Araneae) genera of the world - an atlas
(unfinished manuscript)
by Jerzy Prószyński
Professor Emeritus, Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences,
ul. Wilcza 63, 00-679 Warsaw, POLAND

e-mail: jerzy.proszynski@wp.pl

 Chapter 32
ASTIAINES
informal group of genera
Version July 26th, 2020


symbol of the genera not classified into supragroups

Composition: the following genera are included: Arasia Aruana Astia Astilodes Helpis Jacksonoides Katya Megaloastia Orthrus Parahelpis Sondra Tauala.

Exemplary representatives of the group
A-E - Astia hariola.
SOURCE. : A-B - Davies Todd, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queensl. Mus., 27 (2): 208, t. 14, C-E - ©Photo R. Whyte.

Informal group of genera ASTIAINES

Mutual diagnostic characters of genera included. Bulbus simple oval, embolus short, arising anterolaterally. Epigyne with small, simple spermathecae, ducts thin, running anteriorly, cheliceral inner posterior tooth in females comb like (numerous small cones arising from mutual basis), in males of Orthrus sp. chelicerae much longer and with numerous separate teeth, resembling Myrmarachne (apparently parallely developed, not indicating close affinity).

Gen. Arasia Simon, 1901
Type speciesArasia mollicoma (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Arasia-Q+M

A-E - Arasia mollicoma.
SOURCE. A-C - Davies Todd, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queensl. Mus., 27 (2): 210, t. 16, D-E - ©Photo R. Whyte . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Aruana Strand, 1911
Type species Aruana silvicola (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Aruana-Q+M.

A-C - Aruana silvicola, D-F - Aruana vanstraeleni.
SOURCE. A-F -Wanless . 1988.N Zeal. j. zool. 15: 169, ff. 43a-g. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Astia L. Koch, 1879
Type species Astia hariola (4 recognizable species)
See more species at Astia-Q+M.z

A-E - Astia hariola.
SOURCE. : A-B - Davies Todd, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queensl. Mus., 27 (2): 208, t. 14, C-E - ©Photo R. Whyte.CE. Davies Todd, Zabka 1989. Mem. Queensl. Mus., 27 (2): 208, t. 14,©Photo R. Whyte! . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Astilodes Zabka, 2009
Type species Astilodes mariae (1 recognizable species)
See more species at Astilodes-Q+M.z

A-B - Astilodes mariae, C-D - Astilodes [?] sp.
SOURCE. Zabka, 2009. Insect Syst.Evol. 40: f 1-4, © Photo: Robert Whyte. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Helpis Simon, 1901
Type speciesHelpis minitabunda (8 recognizable species)
See more species at Helpis-Q+M.

DIAGNOSIS. "The genus is distinguished by the combination of the following genitalic characters: male palpal organ with cymbial flange, embolus rather short and robust, tegulum more or less ovoid, sometimes with lobe, seminal duct not meandering, tibial apophysis single and simple; female epigyne of most species with large posterior pouch and median guides, copulatory openings oriented towards each other, except in H. wanlessi". (Zabka, Patoleta 2014: Zootaxa 3873 (5) © 2014 Magnolia Press)
A-D, G-I - Helpis minitabunda, E-F - Helpis gracilis.
SOURCE. Davies Todd V., Zabka M. 1989. Mem. Queensland Mus. 27 (2): 257, t. 56, E-F - Żabka & Patoleta, 2014: Zootaxa 3873 (5): 573, f. 18-25. © 2014 Magnolia Press, G-I - ©Photo: R. Whyte. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy
.
J - Helpis minitabunda - mating - one of the best photos I have ever seen! Original caption "... Male on the left, female on the right, the tip of pedipalp inserted in the epigyne, transferring sperm", K - same, details - haematodocha swollen during pumping action.
SOURCE. J-K - ©Photo: A. Tobin. All ©copyrights are retained by the original author and the copyright holder, used by courtesy.

Gen. Jacksonoides Wanless, 1988
Type species Jacksonoides queenslandicus (18 recognizable species)
See more species at Jacksonoides-Q+M.

J
A-D - Jacksonoides queenslandicus, E-H - Jacksonoides sp. (ATTENTION F, H: leg I-right regenerating !).
SOURCE. Wanless 1988. N Zeal. j. zool., 15: 104-108, ff. 9a-g, 10a-b, 11a, d-e, 12a-c, E-H - ©Photo: R. Whyte. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Katya Prószynski, Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010
Type speciesKatya florescens (3 recognizable species)
See more species at Katya-Q+M .

K
A-D - Katya florescens.
SOURCE. Prószyński, Deeleman-Reinhold 2010. Arthr. sel., 19(3): 170-171, f 85-90. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Megaloastia Zabka, 1995
Type species Megaloastia mainae. (1 recognizable species)
See more species at Megaloastia-Q+M.

A-G - Megaloastia mainae.
SOURCE. A-D - Zabka M. 1995b. Rec. W Austr. Mus. Suppl. 52: 161-163. f 1-16, F-G - ©Photo: J. Wanamaker. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy. .

Gen. Orthrus Simon, 1900
Type species Orthrus bicolor (4 recognizable species)
See more species at Orthrus-Q+M .

A - Orthrus bicolor, B-C - Orthrus muluensis, D-J - Orthrus sp., F-J - Orthrus sp..183 Philippines-Luzon-Biak na Bato NP.
SOURCE. A-C - Wanless 1980b. Bull. brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.). 38 (4): 226-227, f 1A-E; 229, f 3A-G; 4A-D, D - ©Photo by R. R. Jackson, E - Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231-292, f. 82, F-J - ©Photo J. Nigl. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Parahelpis Gardzińska & Zabka, 2010
Type speciesParahelpis abnormis (2 recognizable species)
See more species at Parahelpis-Q+M .

A-B - Parahelpis abnormis, C-D - Parahelpis smithae.
SOURCE. A-B - Zabka 2002. Rec. Aus.Mus. 54: 259, figs 3A-E, 2, C-D - Gardzinska & Zabka, 2010. 2526:49, f 45–54 .© Magnolia Press. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

.

Gen. Sondra Wanless, 1988
Type species Sondra nepenthicola (15 recognizable species)
See more species at Sondra-Q+M .

S
A-C - Sondra nepenthicola (male - holotype, female - paratype).
SOURCE. A-B - Davies Todd V., Zabka M. 1989. Mem. Queensl. Mus. 27 (2): 257, t 56, C - ©Photo: R. Whyte. . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Tauala Wanless, 1988
Type species Tauala lepidus (8 recognizable species)
See more species at Tauala-Q+M.

T
A-E - Tauala lepidus, F-I - Tauala sp.
SOURCE. A-C - Davies Todd V., Zabka M. 1989. Mem. Queensland Mus., Brisbane, 27 (2): 209, t 15, D-I - ©Photo by R. Whyte, G. Anderson. . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.