Main links: Title page Introduction & guides INDEXES_chapters_&_genera Open PDF printout of this file

Salticidae (Araneae) genera of the world - an atlas
(unfinished manuscript)
by Jerzy Prószyński
Professor Emeritus, Museum and Institute of Zoology, Polish Academy of Sciences,
ul. Wilcza 63, 00-679 Warsaw, POLAND

e-mail: jerzy.proszynski@wp.pl
 

Chapter 38
LYSSOMANOIDA and LYSSOMANINES

informal group of genera

Version August 14th, 2020.


symbol of the supragroup HYLLOIDA

Composition and searching on this page: Chinoscopus Lyssomanes Sumakuru

Examples of main diagnostic characters of LYSSOMANINES
Diagnostic characters of representatives of informal group of genera LYSSOMANINES: A - Sumakuru bigal, B, D - Lyssomanes longipes,C - Chinoscopus gracilis, E - Lyssomanes viridis, F - Chinoscopus sp. (changing eye's color is a courtship signal).
SOURCES: A - ©Photo Gasnier, B - Galiano 1980b Opera Lilloana 30: 12-14, f. 1-7, C - Galiano 1998 Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11 (1): 5-7, f. 26-27,
: D - Photo Gasnier & Azevedo; E - © Photo D. Hill; F - Maddison 2015 Journal of Arachnology 43: 231–292, f. 5. All ©Copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used here by their courtesy.

Supergroup of genera LYSSOMANOIDA

REMARKS. Provisional supra group of genera recognizable by eyes arranged in four rows: LYSSOMANINES [Chinoscopus, Lyssomanes, Sumakuru], ASEMONEINES [Asemonea, Goleba, Hindumanes, Macopeus, Pandisus] and ONOMASTINES [Onomastus]), clarity of this separation is weakened by existence of four rows genera outside LYSSOMANOIDA (Athamas, Leptathamas in EUOPHRYINES, Orthrus in ASTIAINES). There are no clarity in structures of palps and internal structures of epigyne: some are relatively simple, other very complicated. The group clearly require further studies.

Group of genera LYSSOMANINES

Mutual diagnostic characters of genera: originally defined by eyes arranged in four rows, however, there are exceptions - unrelated genera with similar eyes arrangement, or intermediate to three rows. Legs very long and thin. Palps very long and thin, without noticeable apophysis, but with anterior part of cymbium extended as a long "tail", palpal organ complicated. Internal structures of epigyne diverse, poorly known.

Gen. Chinoscopus Simon, 1901
Type species Chinoscopus gracilis (4 recognizable species).
See more species at Chinoscopus-Q+M

C
Figure - .C-C2- Chinoscopus gracilis: Galiano 1998. Bull. Brit. Arachn. Soc. 11 (1): 5-7, f 26-27, C2- Chinoscopus[?] sp. ©Photo Gasnier & Machado-.
SOURCE. . All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.,
Figure - . C2- Chinoscopus sp. Note eyes AM color difference, serving as method of communication in Lyssomanidae, according to J. Crane . SOURCE. ©Photo Maddison 2015. Journal of Arachnology. 43: 231–292, f. 5. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.

Gen. Lyssomanes Hentz, 1845
Type species Lyssomanes viridis (79 recognizable species).
See more species at Lyssomanes-Q+M

A-B - Lyssomanes viridis, C-D -Lyssomanes jemineus, E-H Lyssomanes viridis courtship (H - female signaling by change of color of left anterior median eye), I-M - Lyssomanes sp. (#tgeg32 - from Manaus area).
N-X - Diversity of internal structures of epigyne in Lyssomanes: S - L. convexus, N - L. fossor, O - L. jucari, P - L. deinognathus, Q - L. santarem, R - L. parki, U - L. dissimilis, V - L. tenuis, W - L. elongatus, X - L. amazonicus.

SOURCE. A-D, N-X - Galiano 1980b. Opera Lilloana 30: 45-46, f 101-103; 63-65, t 20, f 150-152, E-H - ©Photo D. Hill, I-M - ©Photo Gasnier & Azevedo. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy .

COMMENT. Extensive diversity of internal structure of epigyne, containing elements known from other groups of Salticidae makes it difficult to formulate coherent synthesis and limits of these structures in this supra group. Details of palpal organ are complicated, poorly noticeable in the relatively large tarsus of male palp, necessitates development of special research methods and standards for these spiders. It seems advisable to split Lyssomanes into smaller genera having more uniform genitalic structures.

Gen. Sumakuru Maddison, 2016
Type species Sumakuru bigal (1 recognizable species).
See more species at Sumakuru-Q.

Sumakuru bigal: A - an eye wink of a Sumakuru [could it be about Maddison? If so - Shhhh!] specimen from Manaus, B - holotype, Ecuador - eyes arrangement and carapace shape, C - palp in holotype, D - preserved specimen.
SOURCE. A - ©Photo Gasnier, B-D - W.P. Maddison, 2016. ZooKeys 614: 87–96. f. 1-11. All ©copyrights are retained by the original authors and copyright holders, used by their courtesy.